Description

The Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences offers a bachelor of science degree in meteorology-climatology. This degree program is comprehensive, but flexible so that you can pursue your own interests within the broad field of atmospheric sciences while meeting the federal government requirements for employment as a meteorologist. If you choose to further your education, your degree also prepares you for graduate school in the atmospheric sciences and related fields.

A bachelors degree in meteorology-climatology fulfills the recommended curriculum of the American Meteorological Society (AMS) and the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR). The degree program also meets or exceeds the minimum hiring requirements for employment as a meteorologist with the Federal government, thus preparing you for employment with federal agencies such as the National Weather Service, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Environmental Protection Agency, National Park Service, and military. With this degree, you can also work in private weather consulting; broadcast meteorology; and the agriculture, education, and energy sectors.

The University of Nebraska–Lincoln is a member of UCAR.
 

Program Assessment. To assist the department in evaluating the effectiveness of its program in meteorology-climatology, each major during their last semester prior to graduation will participate in an exit survey to gather information about the program from the student’s perspective. The undergraduate advisor will inform students of the scheduling and format of the assessment activities. Results of participation in this assessment activity will in no way affect a student’s GPA or graduation.

College Admission

The entrance requirements for the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS), including any of the majors or minors offered through the college, are the same as the University of Nebraska–Lincoln General Admission Requirements. In addition to these requirements, the College of Arts and Sciences strongly recommends a third and fourth year of one foreign language in high school. Four years of high school coursework in the same language will fulfill the College of Arts and Sciences’ language requirement. It will also allow students to continue language study at a more advanced level at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and provide more opportunity to study abroad.

ACADEMIC AND CAREER Advising

Academic and Career Advising Center

The Academic and Career Advising Center in 107 Oldfather Hall is the undergraduate hub for CAS students in all majors. Centrally located and easily accessed, students encounter friendly, knowledgeable people who are eager to help. Students visit the Advising Center in 107 Oldfather Hall to:

  • Choose or change their major, minor, or degree program.
  • Check in on policies, procedures, and deadlines.
  • Get a college approval signature from the Dean's representative, Sr. Director of Advising and Student Success.

While the assigned academic advisor should be the student's primary contact, there are daily walk-ins from 12-3 where a general academic advisor can answer a quick question. In addition, the CAS Career Coaches are located here. They help students explore majors and minors, gain experience, and develop a plan for life after graduation. Not sure where to go or who to ask? The Advising Center team can help.

Assigned Academic Advisors

Academic advisors are critical resources dedicated to students' academic, personal, and professional success. Every CAS student is assigned an academic advisor based on their primary major. Since most CAS students have more than just a single major, it is important to get to know the advisor for any minors or additional majors. Academic advisors work closely with the faculty to provide the best overall support and discipline-specific expertise.

Assigned advisors are listed in MyRED and their offices may be located in or near the department of the major for which they advise or in the Academic and Career Advising Center. Students who have declared a pre-health or pre-law area of interest will also work with advisors in the Exploratory and Pre-Professional Advising Center (Explore Center) in 127 Love South, who are specially trained to guide students preparing to enter a professional school.

For complete and current information on advisors for majors, minors, or pre-professional areas, contact the Arts and Sciences Academic and Career Advising Center, 107 Oldfather Hall, 402-472-4190, http://cas.unl.edu/advising.

Career Coaching

The College believes that Academics + Experience = Opportunities and encourages students to complement their academic preparation with real-world experience, including internships, research, education abroad, service, and leadership. Arts and sciences students have access to a powerful network of faculty, staff, and advisors dedicated to providing information and support for their goals of meaningful employment or advanced education. Arts and sciences graduates have unlimited career possibilities and carry with them important career competencies—communication, critical thinking, creativity, context, and collaboration. They have the skills and adaptability that employers universally value. Graduates are not only prepared to effectively contribute professionally in the real world, but they have a solid foundation to excel in an increasingly global, technological, and interdisciplinary world.

Students should contact the career coaches in the Arts and Sciences Academic and Career Advising Center in 107 Oldfather, or their assigned advisor, for more information. The CAS career coaches help students explore career options, identify ways to build experience, and prepare to apply for internships, jobs, or graduate school, including help with resumes, applications, and interviewing.

ACE Requirements

 Students must complete one course for each of the ACE Student Learning Outcomes below. Certified course choices are published in the degree audit, or visit the ACE website for the most current list of certified courses.

ACE Student Learning Outcomes
ACE 1: Write texts, in various forms, with an identified purpose, that respond to specific audience needs, integrate research or existing knowledge, and use applicable documentation and appropriate conventions of format and structure.
ACE 2: Demonstrate competence in communication skills.
ACE 3: Use mathematical, computational, statistical, logical, or other formal reasoning to solve problems, draw inferences, justify conclusions, and determine reasonableness.
ACE 4: Use scientific methods and knowledge to pose questions, frame hypotheses, interpret data, and evaluate whether conclusions about the natural and physical world are reasonable.
ACE 5: Use knowledge, historical perspectives, analysis, interpretation, critical evaluation, and the standards of evidence appropriate to the humanities to address problems and issues.
ACE 6: Use knowledge, theories, and research perspectives such as statistical methods or observational accounts appropriate to the social sciences to understand and evaluate social systems or human behaviors.
ACE 7: Use knowledge, theories, or methods appropriate to the arts to understand their context and significance.
ACE 8: Use knowledge, theories, and analysis to explain ethical principles and their importance in society.
ACE 9: Exhibit global awareness or knowledge of human diversity through analysis of an issue.
ACE 10: Generate a creative or scholarly product that requires broad knowledge, appropriate technical proficiency, information collection, synthesis, interpretation, presentation, and reflection.

College Degree Requirements

College Distribution Requirements – BA and BS

The College of Arts and Sciences distribution requirements are common to both the bachelor of arts and bachelor of science degrees and are designed to ensure a range of courses. By engaging in study in several different areas within the College, students develop the ability to learn in a variety of ways and apply their knowledge from a variety of perspectives. All requirements are in addition to University ACE requirements, and no course can be used to fulfill both an ACE outcome and a College Distribution Requirement.

  • A student may not use a single course to satisfy more than one College Distribution Requirement, with the exception of CDR Diversity. Courses used to meet CDR Diversity may also meet CDR Writing, CDR Humanities, or CDR Social Science.
  • Independent study or reading courses and internships cannot be used to satisfy distribution requirements.
  • Courses from interdisciplinary programs will be applied in the same area as courses from the home/cross-listed department.
College Distribution Requirements
CDR: Written Communication3
Select from courses approved for ACE outcome 1.
CDR: Natural, Physical, and Mathematical Sciences with Lab4
Select from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, computer science, geology, meteorology, mathematics, and physics. Must include one lab in the natural or physical sciences. Lab courses may be selected from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, geology, meteorology, and physics.
Some courses from geography and anthropology may also be used to satisfy the lab requirement above. 1
CDR: Humanities3
Select from classics, English, history, modern languages and literatures, philosophy, and religious studies. 2
CDR: Social Science3
Select from anthropology, communication studies, geography, political science, psychology, or sociology. 3
CDR: Human Diversity in U.S. Communities0-3
Select from a set of approved courses as listed in the degree audit.
CDR: Language0-16
Fulfilled by the completion of the 6-credit-hour second-year sequence in a single foreign language in one of the following departments: Classics and religious studies or modern languages and literatures. Instruction is currently available in Arabic, Chinese, Czech, French, German, Greek, Japanese, Latin, Russian, and Spanish.
A student who has completed the fourth-year level of one foreign language in high school is exempt from the languages requirement, but encouraged to continue on in their language study.
Credit Hours Subtotal: 13-32

Language Requirement

The University of Nebraska–Lincoln and the College of Arts and Sciences place great value on academic exposure and proficiency in a second language. The University of Nebraska–Lincoln entrance requirement of two years of the same foreign language or the College’s language distribution requirement (CDR: Language) will rarely be waived and only with relevant documentation. See the main College of Arts and Sciences page for more details.

Scientific Base - BS Only

The bachelor of science degree requires students to complete 60 hours in mathematical, physical, and natural sciences. Approved courses for scientific base credit come from the following College of Arts and Sciences disciplines: actuarial science, anthropology (selected courses), astronomy, biochemistry (excluding BIOC 101), biological sciences (excluding BIOS 100 or BIOS 203), chemistry (excluding CHEM 101), computer science (excluding CSCE 10), geography (selected courses), geology, life sciences, mathematics (excluding courses below MATH 104), meteorology, microbiology (excluding MBIO 101), and physics.

See your Degree Audit or your assigned academic advisor for a complete list, including individual classes that fall outside of the disciplines listed above. Up to 12 hours of scientific and technical courses offered by other colleges may be accepted toward this requirement with the approval of the College of Arts and Sciences. See your assigned academic advisor to start the approval process.

Minimum Hours Required for Graduation

A minimum of 120 semester hours of credit is required for graduation from the College of Arts and Sciences. A cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0 is required.

Grade Rules

Restrictions on C- and D Grades

The College will accept no more than 15 semester hours of C- and D grades from other domestic institutions except for UNO and UNK. All courses taken at UNO and UNK impact the UNL transcript. No transfer of C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor. No University of Nebraska–Lincoln C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor. International coursework (including education abroad) with a final grade equivalent to a C- or lower will not be validated by the College of Arts and Sciences departments to be degree applicable.

Pass/No Pass Privilege

The College of Arts and Sciences adheres to the University regulations for the Pass/No Pass (P/N) privilege with the following additional regulations:

  • Pass/No Pass hours can count toward fulfillment of University ACE requirements and college distribution requirements up to the 24-hour maximum.
  • Most arts and sciences departments and programs do not allow courses graded Pass/No Pass to apply to the major or minor. Students should refer to the department’s or program’s section of the catalog for clarification. By college rule, departments can allow up to 6 hours of Pass/No Pass in the major or minor.
  • Departments may specify that certain courses of theirs can be taken only on a P/N basis.
  • The college will permit no more than a total of 24 semester hours of P/N grades to be applied toward degree requirements. This total includes all Pass grades earned at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and other U.S. schools. NOTE: This 24-hour limit is more restrictive than the University regulation.

Grading Appeals

A student who feels that he/she has been unfairly graded must ordinarily take the following sequential steps in a timely manner, usually by initiating the appeal in the semester following the awarding of the grade:

  1. Talk with the instructor concerned. Most problems are resolved at this point.
  2. Talk to the instructor’s department chairperson.
  3. Take the case to the Grading Appeal Committee of the department concerned. The Committee should be contacted through the department chairperson.
  4. Take the case to the College Grading Appeals Committee by contacting the Dean’s Office, 1223 Oldfather Hall.

Course Level Requirements

Courses Numbered at the 300 or 400 Level

Thirty (30) of the 120 semester hours of credit must be in courses numbered at the 300 or 400 level. Of those 30 hours, 15 hours (1/2) must be completed in residence at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln.

Residency Requirement

Students must complete at least 30 of the 120 total hours for their degree at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Students must complete at least 1/2 of their major coursework, including 6 hours at the 300 or 400 level in their major and 15 of the 30 hours required at the 300 or 400 level, in residence. Credit earned during education abroad may be used toward the residency requirement only if students register through the University of Nebraska–Lincoln.

Catalog to Use

Students must fulfill the requirements stated in the catalog for the academic year in which they are first admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. In consultation with advisors, a student may choose to follow a subsequent catalog for any academic year in which they are admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in the College of Arts and Sciences. Students must complete all degree requirements from a single catalog year. Beginning in 1990-1991, the catalog which a student follows for degree requirements may not be more than 10 years old at the time of graduation.

Learning Outcomes

Graduates of meteorology-climatology will be able to:

  1. Explain how the atmosphere interacts with other components of the Earth System to exchange matter and energy on short (weather) and long (climate) timescales.
  2. Apply mathematical, statistical, and computer programming tools to analyze meteorological data in order to conduct research, make forecasts, and develop conceptual models for the interaction of the atmosphere with other components of the Earth system.
  3. Synthesize a broad understanding of the basic processes and system-scale interactions to generate short and long term predictions of the weather and climate.
  4. Integrate disciplinary knowledge, technical proficiency, information collection, and data synthesis and analysis to conduct and interpret scientific research.
  5. Communicate weather and climate information, research, and events to diverse audiences using multi-media presentations and written scientific reports.

Major Requirements

Core Requirements

METR 100Weather and Climate4
METR 153Introduction to Scientific Programming in Atmospheric Science3
METR 205Introduction to Atmospheric Science4
METR 223Atmospheric Thermodynamics4
METR 311Dynamic Meteorology I3
METR 312Dynamic Meteorology II3
METR 323Physical Meteorology4
METR 341Synoptic Meteorology4
Select one of the following Capstone courses: 14
Advanced Synoptic Meteorology-Climatology
The Climate System: Analysis and Prediction
Select one of the following courses:3
Radar Meteorology
Satellite Meteorology
Satellite Remote Sensing of Atmosphere
Total Credit Hours36

Specific Major Requirements

Additional Advanced Meteorology Courses
Select 12 hours of 400-level METR courses in consultation with the faculty advisor. 212
Credit Hours Subtotal: 12

Ancillary Requirements

Mathematics 1
MATH 106Calculus I5
MATH 107Calculus II4
MATH 208Calculus III4
MATH 221Differential Equations3
STAT 380Statistics and Applications3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 19
Physics
PHYS 211
PHYS 221
General Physics I
and General Physics Laboratory I
5
PHYS 212General Physics II4
Credit Hours Subtotal: 9
Chemistry
CHEM 109A
CHEM 109L
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
4
Credit Hours Subtotal: 4
Total Credit Hours32

ADDITIONAL MAJOR REQUIREMENTS

Grade Rules

C- and D Grades

A grade of C or above is required for all courses in the major and minor, including ancillary courses.

Pass/No Pass

No course taken Pass/No Pass will be counted toward the major or the minor.

Requirements for Minor Offered by Department

Select either the Meteorology or Climatology Emphasis for the minor requirements.

Meteorology Emphasis (22-23 hours)

METR 100Weather and Climate4
METR 205Introduction to Atmospheric Science4
METR 311Dynamic Meteorology I3
METR 323Physical Meteorology4
METR 341Synoptic Meteorology4
Select one of the following 400-level meteorology courses:3-4
General Circulation of the Atmosphere
Cloud Physics
Air Pollution
Boundary-layer Meteorology
Advanced Synoptic Meteorology-Climatology
Severe Storms Meteorology-Climatology
Mesoscale Meteorology
Broadcast Meteorology
Statistical Analysis of Atmospheric Data
Radar Meteorology
Satellite Meteorology
Satellite Remote Sensing of Atmosphere
Tropical Meteorology
Total Credit Hours22-23

Climatology Emphasis (20 hours)

Required Courses
METR 100Weather and Climate4
METR 205Introduction to Atmospheric Science4
METR 270Introduction to Climatology3
METR 370Applied Climatology3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 14
Elective Courses
Select two of the following 400-level climate courses:6
Microclimate: The Biological Environment
Climate and Society
Statistical Analysis of Atmospheric Data
The Climate System: Analysis and Prediction
Physical Climatology
Regional Climatology
Credit Hours Subtotal: 6
Total Credit Hours20

Grade Rules

C- and D Grades

A grade of C or above is required for all courses in the major and minor.

Pass/No Pass

No course taken Pass/No Pass will be counted toward the major or the minor.

METR100
Weather and Climate

Prerequisites: MATH 101 or higher; or a qualifying Math Placement Exam score for MATH 102 or 104 or higher

Description: Physical behavior of the atmosphere; elements of weather and climate and their distribution over the earth. Weather map analysis and forecasting. Atmospheric circulation, precipitation processes, severe weather, air pollution, and the use of weather radar. Concepts of weather forecasting.

This course is a prerequisite for: GEOL 372; METR 153; METR 205; METR 270; METR 446

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 4 Science

METR140
Severe and Unusual Weather

Prerequisites: MATH 101 or higher; or a qualifying Math Placement Exam score for MATH 102 or 104 or higher.

METR 140 will not count toward the major in METR.

Description: Meteorological basics to help understand ice storms, blizzards, tornadoes, hurricanes, flooding, droughts, and other unusual weather.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

METR153
Introduction to Scientific Programming in Atmospheric Science

Prerequisites: METR 100

No prior programming experience is required.

Description: Introduction to problem solving with computers using MATLAB. Topics include language syntax, data types, program organization, problem-solving methods, and algorithm design and verification. Basics of problem solving with computers, and the skills necessary to analyze and visualize geophysical data sets.

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 223; METR 311; METR 323

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:9
Grading Option:Graded
Offered:SPRING

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR180
Climate Change, Energy, and the Environment

Description: Concepts and processes of the environment, energy, and climate change and how they are interrelated.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

METR205
Introduction to Atmospheric Science

Prerequisites: MATH 106; METR 100; PHYS 211 or 211H.

Description: Conceptual foundations for synoptic and dynamic meteorology. Meteorological data analysis, the dynamics of atmospheric motions, and atmospheric thermodynamics.

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 223; METR 311; METR 323

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

METR223
Atmospheric Thermodynamics

Prerequisites: METR 153; METR 205; MATH 107 or parallel.

Description: Basic thermodynamic concepts relevant to atmospheric processes, atmospheric stability, and cloud and precipitation micro-physics.

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 341

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

METR270
Introduction to Climatology

Prerequisites: METR 100 or GEOL 101

Description: Introduction to the components of Earth climate system and the dynamic interactions between them. Topics include spatial and temporal variations in Earth climate, and how observations, models, and theory are used to make predictions about the future climate. Explore the impact of human activities on the global climate.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded
Offered:FALL

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR291
Special Topics in Meteorology-Climatology

Description: Topics vary.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-6
Max credits per semester:6
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-6

ACE:

METR296
Independent Study in Meteorology-Climatology

Prerequisites: Permission.

Description: Independent reading or research under direction of a faculty member.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

METR311
Dynamic Meteorology I

Prerequisites: METR 153; MATH 208/208H; METR 205; PHYS 211/211H

Description: Equations of thermodynamics, momentum, and continuity are derived and applied to atmospheric motion. Energy conservation, flows, and conversions.

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 312

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR312
Dynamic Meteorology II

Prerequisites: METR 311; MATH 221/821.

Description: Applications of the principles of dynamic meteorology to the problems of forecasting and meteorological problems.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL/SPR

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR323
Physical Meteorology

Prerequisites: METR 153; METR 205; PHYS 212/212H

Description: Physical principles that provide the foundation for meteorology. Absorption, scattering, and transmission of radiation in the atmosphere, atmospheric optics, atmospheric electricity, and lightning.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

METR341
Synoptic Meteorology

Prerequisites: METR 223

Description: Dynamic and thermodynamic concepts and principles applied to synoptic-scale weather forecasting. Dynamics, energetics, structure, evolution, and motion of extra-tropical cyclones. Meteorological communications, interpretation and analysis of weather maps, and thermodynamic diagrams.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

METR370
Applied ClimatologyCrosslisted with NRES 370

Prerequisites: Junior or Senior Standing

Description: Processes that give rise to spatial and temporal differences in climate. Various interrelationships between humans and climate. Influence of climate on building styles, the economy, water resources, human health, and society. Humans' inadvertent and purposeful modification of the atmosphere.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR408
Microclimate: The Biological EnvironmentCrosslisted with AGRO 408, GEOG 408, HORT 408, NRES 408, WATS 408, AGRO 808, GEOG 808, HORT 808, METR 808, NRES 808

Prerequisites: Junior standing, MATH 106 or equivalent, 5 hrs physics, major in any of the physical or biological sciences or engineering.

Description: Physical factors that create the biological environment. Radiation and energy balances of earth's surfaces, terrestrial and marine. Temperature, humidity, and wind regimes near the surface. Control of the physical environment through irrigation, windbreaks, frost protection, manipulation of light, and radiation. Applications to air pollution research. Instruments for measuring environmental conditions and remote sensing of the environment.

This course is a prerequisite for: AGRO 907, HORT 907, METR 907, NRES 907; BSEN 954, NRES 954

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR415
General Circulation of the AtmosphereCrosslisted with METR 815

Prerequisites: Junior standing; METR 475/875; PHYS 211/211H; and PHYS 221.

Description: Development of the atmospheric circulation regimes, from planetary scale (e.g., the planetary waves) to synoptic scale (e.g., the cyclones and anticyclones) and mesoscale, their seasonal variations, and their roles in horizontal vertical energy and water transport and budgets in the Earth system.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR421
Cloud PhysicsCrosslisted with METR 821

Prerequisites: METR 223 and METR 323 or equivalent

Description: Buoyancy and parcel mixing, cloud physics instrumentation, the role of aerosols in precipitation processes, growth of liquid cloud droplets/raindrops/ice crystals, processes associated with falling precipitation particles, drop size distributions and their moments, applications to convection, and parameterizations of cloud microphysical processes for numerical modeling applications.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR428
Air PollutionCrosslisted with METR 828

Prerequisites: 6 hrs METR; CHEM 109 or CHEM 109A and 109L

Description: Basic processes (e.g., emission, transport, first-order chemical reaction, and deposition) associated with air pollution and their combination with meteorology for air quality forecasting. Environmental topics: acid rain; smog; air pollution; ozone hole; greenhouse gases; aerosols; long-range transport; civic regulations and international treaties on air pollution; and climate change.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR433
Boundary-layer MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 833

Prerequisites: METR 223 and MATH 208/208H

Description: Basic concepts of atmospheric turbulence and fundamental dynamics, thermodynamics, and structure of the atmospheric boundary layer are discussed. Atmospheric boundary layer parameterizations used in modern weather and climate models are presented.

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 933

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR442
Advanced Synoptic Meteorology-ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 842

Prerequisites: METR 341.

Description: Analysis and forecasting of subsynoptic-scale weather systems. Convection, thunderstorm models, severe local storm forecasting techniques, mesoscale convective complexes, vertical cross-sections, isentropic analysis, and weather radar.

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 944

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

METR443
Severe Storms Meteorology-ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 843

Prerequisites: METR 311, METR 341 or parallel

Description: Dynamics of various types of severe weather (blizzards, flash floods, lightning, thunderstorms and winter and summer tornado outbreaks). Interpretation of the numerical and statistical models utilized to forecast these phenomena. Synoptic case studies of severe weather occurrences. Recent research on severe weather.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR444
Mesoscale MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 844

Prerequisites: METR 311

Description: Dynamics and conceptual models of mesoscale meteorological phenomena and processes.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR446
Broadcast Meteorology

Prerequisites: METR 100

Only 3 hours of credit from METR 446 or METR 497 may be applied to the major.

Description: Information about the history and current status of broadcast meteorology and related technology. Procedures and requirements to obtain Professional Society certification/seal in Broadcast Meteorology. Address on air requirements mandated by the Federal FCC rules and regulations and social impacts of broadcast meteorology. Opportunity to gain experience in presenting weather information through various media outlets, including the use of chromakey technology and social media.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR450
Climate and SocietyCrosslisted with AGRO 450, GEOG 450, NRES 452, AGRO 850, GEOG 850, METR 850, NRES 852

Prerequisites: Junior standing or above.

Offered spring semester of even-numbered calendar years.

Description: Impact of climate and extreme climatic events on society and societal responses to those events. Global in scope and interdisciplinary.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:SPRING

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR453
GIS in Earth and Atmospheric SciencesCrosslisted with GEOL 453, GEOL 853, METR 853

Prerequisites: Junior or above standing; and one of the following: GEOL 100 or 101, or METR 100

Description: Basic concepts of GIS, hands-on experience with various case studies from geology, meteorology, climatology and environmental applications.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR454
Statistical Analysis of Atmospheric DataCrosslisted with METR 854

Prerequisites: 6 hrs METR and MATH 107/107H.

Description: Application of univariate statistics, hypothesis testing, statistical forecasting, forecast verification, time-series analysis, principal component analysis, and cluster/multivariate analysis to atmospheric data for different applications in the atmospheric sciences (from short-term weather forecast to long-term climate prediction).

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 965

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR463
Radar MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 863

Prerequisites: METR 323.

Description: The fundamental principles of weather radars and the basic application of these principles.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR464
Satellite MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 864

Prerequisites: METR 223

Description: Concepts and principles related to meteorological observations from satellites. Applications for weather analysis and forecasting.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR465
Satellite Remote Sensing of AtmosphereCrosslisted with METR 865

Prerequisites: METR 323

Description: Principles of atmospheric radiation and techniques for satellite image processing. Application of data calibration, image registration and enhancement, noise filtering and multi-spectral classification of satellite images. Survey of various satellite sensors used for monitoring different atmospheric processes and constituents.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR469
Bio-Atmospheric InstrumentationCrosslisted with AGRO 469, GEOG 469, HORT 407, MSYM 469, NRES 469, AGRO 869, GEOG 869, HORT 807, METR 869, MSYM 869, NRES 869

Prerequisites: Junior standing; MATH 106; 4 hrs physics; physical or biological science major.

Description: Discussion and practical application of principles and practices of measuring meteorological and related variables near the earth's surface including temperature, humidity, precipitation, pressure, radiation and wind. Performance characteristics of sensors and modern data collection methods are discussed and evaluated.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR470
The Climate System: Analysis and PredictionCrosslisted with METR 870

Prerequisites: Senior standing; major or minor in meteorology.

Description: Maintenance of the climate system and climate change over time. Global budgets of energy, water, and momentum and their balance. Development of simple, physically-based models of climate and of climate change.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

METR471
Tropical MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 871

Prerequisites: METR 223 and METR 311

Description: Atmospheric phenomena unique to the tropics, and their connection to the global circulation.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR475
Physical ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 875

Prerequisites: METR 205.

Description: Global energy and water balance regimes of the earth and its atmosphere. Utilization of physical laws to reveal causes and effects of interrelationships in the climatic system.

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 415, METR 815; METR 483, METR 883, NRES 467, NRES 867

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR478
Regional ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 878, NRES 478, NRES 878

Prerequisites: NRES/METR 370.

Description: Regional differentiation of the climates of the earth on both a descriptive and dynamic basis. The chief systems of climatic classification.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR479
HydroclimatologyCrosslisted with NRES 479, WATS 479, BSEN 479, NRES 879, METR 879, BSEN 879

Prerequisites: NRES 208 or METR 100 or METR/NRES 370.

Offered spring semester of even-numbered calendar years.

Description: Interaction between earth's climate and the hydrologic cycle. Energy and water fluxes at the land-atmosphere interface. Atmospheric moisture transport, precipitation, evaporation, snowmelt, and runoff. Impacts of climate variability and change on the hydrologic cycle.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR483
Global Climate ChangeCrosslisted with METR 883, NRES 467, NRES 867

Prerequisites: Junior standing; and METR 475/875.

Offered fall semester of even-numbered calendar years.

Description: Elements of climate systems, El Nino/LaNina cycle and monsoons, natural variability of climate on interannual and interdecadal scales. Paleoclimate, and future climate, developed climate change scenarios and climate change impacts on natural resources and the environment.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR487
Earth's Climate: Past, Present, FutureCrosslisted with METR 887

Prerequisites: 6 hrs METR or 6 hrs GEOL.

Description: How the Earth's climate has varied and the forcing mechanisms related to those changes. Themes that reappear through Earth's climate history and into the future; causes of climate change; the natural response times of the multiple components; and the role of greenhouse gases within the climate system at differing time scales.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR491
Special Topics in Meteorology-ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 891

Description: Topics vary.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-6
Max credits per semester:6
Max credits per degree:8
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-6

ACE:

METR495
Internship in Meteorology-ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 895

Prerequisites: Permission.

Description: Application of meteorology-climatology learning with on-the-job training.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-6
Max credits per semester:6
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Pass No Pass

Credit Hours:1-6

ACE:

METR496
Independent Study in Meteorology-Climatology

Prerequisites: Permission.

Description: Independent reading or research under direction of a faculty member.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

METR497
Broadcast Meteorology Practicum

Prerequisites: Permission.

Only 3 hours from METR 446 or METR 497 may be applied to the major.

Description: Produce weather presentations worthy of airing live during Star City News. Learn how to develop weather presentations for production, including development of graphics, lead ins and promos. One-on-one critiquing/coaching to improve the presentation and content of the presentation will also take place throughout the semester.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Pass No Pass

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

METR499
Undergraduate Thesis

Prerequisites: Permission.

Description: Independent research leading to a thesis.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

METR499H
Honors Undergraduate Thesis

Prerequisites: Permission.

Description: Independent research leading to a thesis.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

PLEASE NOTE
This document represents a sample 4-year plan for degree completion with this major. Actual course selection and sequence may vary and should be discussed individually with your college or department academic advisor. Advisors also can help you plan other experiences to enrich your undergraduate education such as internships, education abroad, undergraduate research, learning communities, and service learning and community-based learning.


Meteorology-Climatology (B.S.)

Icon Legend: CriticalCritical
15 HR TERM 1
Calculus ICritical
complete MATH 106
5hr
C
MATH 106 is ideally completed in the first term of enrollment. It becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed in the second term of enrollment, This course will fulfill the ACE 3 requirement.

METR 100 Core Course
complete METR 100
4hr
C
METR 100 will fulfill the ACE 4 requirement.

ACE 1 Written Texts
complete 1 from ACE1
3hr

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
15 HR TERM 2
Mathematics And Statistics
complete MATH 107
4hr
C

PhysicsCritical
complete PHYS 211, PHYS 221
5hr
C
PHYS 211 becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed in the second term of enrollment. PHYS 211 will fulfill the CDR Science/Math requirement and PHYS 221 will fulfill the CDR Lab requirement.

METR 153 Core Course
complete METR 153
3hr
C

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
15 HR TERM 3
Mathematics And Statistics
complete MATH 208
4hr
C

METR 205 Core CourseCritical
complete METR 205
4hr
C
METR 205 becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the third term of enrollment.

Physics
complete PHYS 212
4hr
C

CDR: Writing
complete 1 from ACE1
3hr
Complete an additional course approved as ACE 1. JGEN 200 is recommended for the CDR Writing requirement.
14 HR TERM 4
Mathematics And Statistics
complete MATH 221
3hr
C

METR 223 Core Course
complete METR 223
4hr
C

Chemistry
4hr
C

ACE 2 Communication Skill
complete 1 from ACE2
3hr
JGEN 300 is recommended for the ACE 2 requirement.
16 HR TERM 5
METR 311 Core Course
complete METR 311
3hr
C

METR 323 Core Course
complete METR 323
4hr
C

Mathematics And Statistics
complete STAT 380
3hr
C

ACE 5 Humanities
complete 1 from ACE5
3hr

ACE 6 Social Sciences
complete 1 from ACE6
3hr
16 HR TERM 6
METR 312 Core Course
complete METR 312
3hr
C

METR 341 Core Course
complete METR 341
4hr
C

METR Radar Satellite
complete 1 from METR 463, METR 464, METR 465
3hr
C

ACE 8 Ethical Principles
complete 1 from ACE8
3hr

CDR: Diversity in the US
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course related to Diversity in U.S. Communities. See degree audit for choices. This requirement is permitted to overlap with CDR Humanities or CDR Social Science.
14 HR TERM 7
METR Capstone 442 or 470
complete either METR 442 or METR 470
4hr
C

Additional Meteorology
complete Any Meteorology Course at the 400 Level*
6hr
C
Complete 2 approved METR courses at the 400 level.

ACE 7 Arts
complete 1 from ACE7
3hr

Electives
complete Any Course
1hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 8
Additional Meteorology
complete Any Meteorology Course at the 400 Level*
6hr
C
Complete 2 approved METR courses at the 400 level.

ACE 9 Global/Human Divers
complete 1 from ACE9
3hr

CDR: Social Science
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course from a Social Science discipline: ANTH, COMM, GEOG, NSST, POLS, PSYC, SOCI.

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
Graduation Requirements
  1. A minimum 2.00 GPA required for graduation.
  2. ***Total Credits Applying Toward 120 Total Hours***
  3. Complete 30 hours in residence at UNL.
    4. Complete 30 hours at the 300 or 400 level.
    5. Complete 60 hours of Scientific-Base courses in the Natural and Mathematical Sciences.

Career Information

The following represents a sample of the internships, jobs and graduate school programs that current students and recent graduates have reported.

Transferable Skills

  • Analyze and explain data
  • Use quantitative analysis techniques
  • Use qualitative analysis techniques
  • Define problems and identifying causes
  • Apply mathematical and scientific skills to solve real-world problems
  • Make predictions using mathematical, statistical, and scientific modeling methods
  • Make decisions carefully, using appropriate theoretical frameworks
  • Simplify complex information and present it to others
  • Communicate results of scientific experiments to scientific and non-scientific audiences
  • Read, understand, and critically review scientific information

Jobs of Recent Graduates

  • Meteorologist, Nebraska Department of Roads - Lincoln NE
  • Software Engineer, Contract Northup Group - Bellevue NE
  • Meteorologist, Weather or Not - Shawnee KS
  • Research Associate, High Plains Regional Climate Center - Lincoln NE
  • Meteorologist, Hoak Media - Grand Junction CO
  • Coding Specialist, National Research Corporation - Lincoln NE
  • Meteorologist, KETV Hearst Television - Omaha NE
  • Systems Engineer, MITRE Corporation - McLean VA
  • Meteorologist, National Weather Service - Silver Spring MD
  • Teaching Assistant, University of Georgia - Athens GA

Internships

  • Weather Intern, Channel 8 - Lincoln NE
  • Research Technician, Planetary Data, Inc. - Prague NE
  • Research Assistant, UNL Earth and Atmospheric Sciences - Lincoln NE
  • Architectural Engineering Intern, Ezenics, Inc. - Omaha NE
  • Intern, MMC Contractors - Omaha NE

Graduate & Professional Schools

  • Master's Degree, Earth & Atmospheric Science - Meteorology-Climatology specialization, University of Nebraska-Lincoln - Lincoln NE
  • Ph.D., Earth & Atmospheric Science - Meteorology/Climatology , University of Nebraska-Lincoln - Lincoln NE