Description

Website: http://microbiology.unl.edu

The microbiology major is an interdepartmental major that offers educational opportunities in various areas of microbiology leading to a bachelor of science degree in microbiology. The training offered is suitable for a professional career in microbiology, which may lead to employment in the food industry, clinical microbiology, biotechnology, and pharmaceuticals; or federal agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Public Health Service, and Environmental Protection Agency. The program is also suitable as preparation for graduate studies leading to academic careers and professional careers in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine, pharmacy, and health-related fields. (Completion of the microbiology baccalaureate degree program does not automatically fulfill the admission requirements for application to a given professional program. Students considering application to a professional program are strongly encouraged to work with their advisor to ensure that admission requirements are met during completion of the microbiology degree.)
 

Program Assessment. To gauge the effectiveness of the program, majors within their senior year will be required to complete selected assessment activities. Results of participation in these assessment activities will in no way affect a student’s GPA or graduation.
 

College Admission

The entrance requirements for the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS), including any of the majors or minors offered through the college, are the same as the UNL General Admission Requirements. In addition to these requirements, the College of Arts and Sciences strongly recommends a third and fourth year of one foreign language in high school. Four years of high school coursework in the same language will fulfill the College of Arts and Sciences’ language requirement. It will also allow students to continue language study at a more advanced level at UNL and provide more opportunity to study abroad.

ACADEMIC AND CAREER Advising

Academic and Career Advising Center

The Academic and Career Advising Center in 107 Oldfather Hall is the undergraduate hub for CAS students in all majors. Centrally located and easily accessed, students encounter friendly, knowledgeable people who are eager to help. Students visit the Advising Center in 107 Oldfather Hall to:

  • Choose or change their major, minor, or degree program.
  • Check in on policies, procedures, and deadlines.
  • Get a college approval signature from the Dean's representative, Sr. Director of Advising and Student Success.

While the assigned academic advisor should be the student's primary contact, there are daily walk-ins from 12-3 where a general academic advisor can answer a quick question. In addition, the CAS Career Coaches are located here. They help students explore majors and minors, gain experience, and develop a plan for life after graduation. Not sure where to go or who to ask? The Advising Center team can help.

Assigned Academic Advisors

Academic advisors are critical resources dedicated to students' academic, personal, and professional success. Every CAS student is assigned an academic advisor based on their primary major. Since most CAS students have more than just a single major, it is important to get to know the advisor for any minors or additional majors. Academic advisors work closely with the faculty to provide the best overall support and the discipline-specific expertise.

Assigned advisors are listed in MyRED and their offices may be located in or near the department of the major for which they advise or in the Academic and Career Advising Center. Students who have declared a pre-health or pre-law area of interest will also work with advisors in the Exploratory and Pre-Professional Advising Center (Explore Center) in 127 Love South, who are specially trained to guide students preparing to enter a professional school.

For complete and current information on advisors for majors, minors, or pre-professional areas, contact the Arts and Sciences Academic and Career Advising Center, 107 Oldfather Hall, 402-472-4190, http://cas.unl.edu/advising.

Career Coaching

The College believes that Academics + Experience = Opportunities and encourages students to complement their academic preparation with real-world experience, including internships, research, education abroad, service, and leadership. Arts and sciences students have access to a powerful network of faculty, staff, and advisors dedicated to providing information and support for their goals of meaningful employment or advanced education. Arts and sciences graduates have unlimited career possibilities and carry with them important career competencies—communication, critical thinking, creativity, context, and collaboration. They have the skills and adaptability that employers universally value. Graduates are not only prepared to effectively contribute professionally in the real world, but they have a solid foundation to excel in an increasingly global, technological, and interdisciplinary world.

Students should contact the career coaches in the Arts and Sciences Academic and Career Advising Center in 107 Oldfather, or their assigned advisor, for more information. The CAS career coaches help students explore career options, identify ways to build experience, and prepare to apply for internships, jobs, or graduate school, including help with resumes, applications, and interviewing.

ACE Requirements

 Students must complete one course for each of the ACE Student Learning Outcomes below. Certified course choices are published in the degree audit, or visit the ACE website for the most current list of certified courses.

ACE Student Learning Outcomes
ACE 1 : Write texts, in various forms, with an identified purpose, that respond to specific audience needs, integrate research or existing knowledge, and use applicable documentation and appropriate conventions of format and structure.
ACE 2: Demonstrate competence in communication skills.
ACE 3: Use mathematical, computational, statistical, logical, or other formal reasoning to solve problems, draw inferences, justify conclusions, and determine reasonableness.
ACE 4: Use scientific methods and knowledge to pose questions, frame hypotheses, interpret data, and evaluate whether conclusions about the natural and physical world are reasonable.
ACE 5: Use knowledge, historical perspectives, analysis, interpretation, critical evaluation, and the standards of evidence appropriate to the humanities to address problems and issues.
ACE 6: Use knowledge, theories, and research perspectives such as statistical methods or observational accounts appropriate to the social sciences to understand and evaluate social systems or human behaviors.
ACE 7: Use knowledge, theories, or methods appropriate to the arts to understand their context and significance.
ACE 8: Use knowledge, theories, and analysis to explain ethical principles and their importance in society.
ACE 9: Exhibit global awareness or knowledge of human diversity through analysis of an issue.
ACE 10: Generate a creative or scholarly product that requires broad knowledge, appropriate technical proficiency, information collection, synthesis, interpretation, presentation, and reflection.

College Degree Requirements

College Distribution Requirements – BA and BS

The College of Arts and Sciences distribution requirements are common to both the bachelor of arts and bachelor of science degrees and are designed to ensure a range of courses. By engaging in study in several different areas within the College, students develop the ability to learn in a variety of ways and apply their knowledge from a variety of perspectives. All requirements are in addition to University ACE requirements, and no course can be used to fulfill both an ACE outcome and a College Distribution Requirement.

  • A student may not use a single course to satisfy more than one College Distribution Requirement, with the exception of CDR Diversity. Courses used to meet CDR Diversity may also meet CDR Writing, CDR Humanities, or CDR Social Science.
  • Independent study or reading courses and internships cannot be used to satisfy distribution requirements.
  • Courses from interdisciplinary programs will be applied in the same area as courses from the home/cross-listed department.
College Distribution Requirements
CDR: Written Communication3
Select from courses approved for ACE outcome 1.
CDR: Natural, Physical, and Mathematical Sciences with Lab4
Select from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, computer science, geology, meteorology, mathematics, physics, and statistics. Must include one lab in the natural or physical sciences. Lab courses may be selected from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, geology, meteorology, and physics.
Some courses from geography and anthropology may also be used to satisfy the lab requirement above. 1
CDR: Humanities3
Select from classics, English, history, modern languages and literatures, philosophy, and religious studies. 2
CDR: Social Science3
Select from anthropology, communication studies, geography, political science, psychology, or sociology. 3
CDR: Human Diversity in U.S. Communities0-3
Select from a set of approved courses as listed in the degree audit.
CDR: Language0-16
Fulfilled by the completion of the 6-credit-hour second-year sequence in a single foreign language in one of the following departments: Classics and religious studies or modern languages and literatures. Instruction is currently available in Arabic, Chinese, Czech, French, German, Greek, Japanese, Latin, Russian, and Spanish.
A student who has completed the fourth-year level of one foreign language in high school is exempt from the languages requirement, but encouraged to continue on in their language study.
Credit Hours Subtotal: 13-32

Language Requirement

UNL and the College of Arts and Sciences place great value on academic exposure and proficiency in a second language. The UNL entrance requirement of two years of the same foreign language or the College’s language distribution requirement (CDR: Language) will rarely be waived and only with relevant documentation. See the main College of Arts and Sciences page for more details.

Scientific Base - BS Only

The bachelor of science degree requires students to complete 60 hours in mathematical, physical, and natural sciences. Approved courses for scientific base credit come from the following College of Arts and Sciences disciplines: actuarial science, anthropology (selected courses), astronomy, biochemistry (excluding BIOC 101), biological sciences (excluding BIOS 100 or BIOS 203), chemistry (excluding CHEM 101), computer science (excluding CSCE 10), geography (selected courses), geology, life sciences, mathematics (excluding courses below MATH 104), meteorology, microbiology (excluding MBIO 101), and physics.

See your Degree Audit or your assigned academic advisor for a complete list, including individual classes that fall outside of the disciplines listed above. Up to 12 hours of scientific and technical courses offered by other colleges may be accepted toward this requirement with approval of the College of Arts and Sciences. See your assigned academic advisor to start the approval process.

Minimum Hours Required for Graduation

A minimum of 120 semester hours of credit is required for graduation from the College of Arts and Sciences. A cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0 is required.

Grade Rules

Restrictions on C- and D Grades

The College will accept no more than 15 semester hours of C- and D grades from other domestic institutions except for UNO and UNK. All courses taken at UNO and UNK impact the UNL transcript. No transfer of C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor. No UNL C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor. International coursework (including education abroad) with a final grade equivalent to a C- or lower will not be validated by College of Arts and Sciences departments to be degree applicable.

Pass/No Pass Privilege

The College of Arts and Sciences adheres to the University regulations for the Pass/No Pass (P/N) privilege with the following additional regulations:

  • Pass/No Pass hours can count toward fulfillment of University ACE requirements and college distribution requirements up to the 24-hour maximum.
  • Most arts and sciences departments and programs do not allow courses graded Pass/No Pass to apply to the major or minor. Students should refer to the department’s or program’s section of the catalog for clarification. By college rule, departments can allow up to 6 hours of Pass/No Pass in the major or minor.
  • Departments may specify that certain courses of theirs can be taken only on a P/N basis.
  • The college will permit no more than a total of 24 semester hours of P/N grades to be applied toward degree requirements. This total includes all Pass grades earned at UNL and other U.S. schools. NOTE: This 24-hour limit is more restrictive than the University regulation.

Grading Appeals

A student who feels that he/she has been unfairly graded must ordinarily take the following sequential steps in a timely manner, usually by initiating the appeal in the semester following the awarding of the grade:

  1. Talk with the instructor concerned. Most problems are resolved at this point.
  2. Talk to the instructor’s department chairperson.
  3. Take the case to the Grading Appeal Committee of the department concerned. The Committee should be contacted through the department chairperson.
  4. Take the case to the College Grading Appeals Committee by contacting the Dean’s Office, 1223 Oldfather Hall.

Course Level Requirements

Courses Numbered at the 300 or 400 Level

Thirty (30) of the 120 semester hours of credit must be in courses numbered at the 300 or 400 level. Of those 30 hours, 15 hours (1/2) must be completed in residence at UNL.

Residency Requirement

Students must complete at least 30 of the 120 total hours for their degree at UNL. Students must complete at least 1/2 of their major coursework, including 6 hours at the 300 or 400 level in their major and 15 of the 30 hours required at the 300 or 400 level, in residence. Credit earned during education abroad may be used toward the residency requirement only if students register through UNL.

Catalog to Use

Students must fulfill the requirements stated in the catalog for the academic year in which they are first admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at UNL. In consultation with advisors, a student may choose to follow a subsequent catalog for any academic year in which they are admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at UNL in the College of Arts and Sciences. Students must complete all degree requirements from a single catalog year. Beginning in 1990-1991, the catalog which a student follows for degree requirements may not be more than 10 years old at the time of graduation.

Learning Outcomes

Graduates of microbiology will be able to:

  1. Understand the physiology, biochemistry, and genetics of bacteria and other microorganisms, including cell structure, function, diversity, metabolism, and the genetics of metabolic regulation.
  2. Be knowledgeable about the immune response and disease-causing microorganisms, including aspects of the innate and adaptive immune responses, as well as an introductory understanding of the molecular basis for pathogenesis.
  3. Understand the role of microorganisms in plant and animal agriculture, foodborne disease and spoilage, as well as beneficial roles played by microorganisms.
  4. Understand the taxonomic, ecological, evolutionary, and genetic relationships among microorganisms, including nutrient cycling, microbial diversity, and the biotechnological application of microorganisms to solve environmental problems.
  5. Be proficient at the scientific method of investigation and hypothesis testing, including the development of theoretical and practical skills in the design and execution of experiments, as well as the development of oral and writing skills necessary for the effective communication of experimental results and/or scientific principles.

Major Requirements

Core Requirements

Required Courses
MBIO 101Introduction to the Microbiology Major1
BIOS 312Microbiology3
BIOS 313Molecular Microbiology Laboratory1-2
or BIOS 314 Microbiology Laboratory
MBIO 420 / BIOS 420Molecular Genetics3
MBIO 440 / BIOS 440Microbial Physiology3
MBIO 443 / BIOS 443Immunology3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 14-15
Total Credit Hours14-15

Ancillary Requirements

Biological Sciences 1
LIFE 120
LIFE 120L
Fundamentals of Biology I
and Fundamentals of Biology I laboratory
4
LIFE 121
LIFE 121L
Fundamentals of Biology II
and Fundamentals of Biology II Laboratory
4
BIOS 206General Genetics4
Credit Hours Subtotal: 12
Chemistry
General Chemistry
Select one sequence from the following:8-11
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry II
Fundamental Chemistry I
and Fundamental Chemistry II
and Elementary Quantitative Analysis
Organic Chemistry4-8
If you plan to take BIOC 401 & BIOC 401L, select one sequence from the following:
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
Biological Organic Chemistry
and Biological Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Organic Chemistry
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
If you plan to take BIOC 431, select one sequence from the following:
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
and Organic Chemistry II
Organic Chemistry
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
and Organic Chemistry
Credit Hours Subtotal: 12-19
Biochemistry
Select one of the following:3-4
Elements of Biochemistry
and Laboratory for Elements of Biochemistry
Biochemistry I: Structure and Metabolism
Credit Hours Subtotal: 3-4
Physics
Select one sequence from the following:10
Elementary General Physics I
and Elementary General Physics II
General Physics I
and General Physics Laboratory I
and General Physics II
and General Physics Laboratory II
Credit Hours Subtotal: 10
Mathematics and Statistics
MATH 106Calculus I5
Select one of the following:3
Introduction to Statistics
Statistics and Applications
Statistics
Statistical Methods
Credit Hours Subtotal: 8
Total Credit Hours45-53

Specific Major Requirements

Advanced Microbiology Courses
Select at least 12 hours from the following advanced microbiology-related courses:12
Biochemistry II: Metabolism and Biological Information
Biochemistry Laboratory
Research Techniques in Biochemistry
Computational Biology
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology
Biology of Viruses
Cancer Biology
Biology of Cells and Organelles
Systems Biology
Earth and Environmental Microbiology
Soil Microbiology
Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution
Field Parasitology
Special Topics in Biological Sciences
Food Microbiology
Food Microbiology Laboratory
Molds and Mycotoxins in Food, Feed, and the Human Environment
Microbiology of Fermented Foods
Microbiology of Fermented Foods Laboratory (offered even years only)
Microbial Diversity
Introductory Plant Pathology
Introductory Plant Pathology Lab
Principles and Prevention of Livestock Diseases
Functional Histology
Basic Molecular Infectious Diseases (offered odd years only)
Pathogenic Microbiology
Credit Hours Subtotal: 12

Additional Major Requirements

Grade Rules

C- and D Grades

A grade of C or above is required for all courses in the major, including ancillary courses.

Pass/No Pass

With the exception of MBIO 101, no course taken Pass/No Pass will be counted toward the major, except for independent study, research, and seminars.

PLEASE NOTE
This document represents a sample 4-year plan for degree completion with this major. Actual course selection and sequence may vary and should be discussed individually with your college or department academic advisor. Advisors also can help you plan other experiences to enrich your undergraduate education such as internships, education abroad, undergraduate research, learning communities, and service learning and community-based learning.


Microbiology (B.S.)

Icon Legend: CriticalCritical
15 HR TERM 1
ChemistryCritical
complete CHEM 109
4hr
CHEM 109 is ideally completed in the first term of enrollment. It becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the third term of enrollment. It will fulfill the ACE 4 requirement.

Mathematics
complete MATH 106
5hr
MATH 106 will fulfill the ACE 3 requirement.

ACE 1 Written Texts
complete 1 from ACE1
3hr

CDR E: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR E is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
14 HR TERM 2
ChemistryCritical
complete CHEM 110
4hr
CHEM 110 will fulfill the CDR F requirement. CHEM 110 is not a critical requirement but is part of a sequence with CHEM 109, which is a critical requirement.

Life Science
4hr
C
LIFE 120 and 120L will fulfill the CDR B and CDR BL requirements.

CDR A: Writing
complete 1 from ACE1
3hr
Complete an additional course approved as ACE 1.

CDR E: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR E is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
15 HR TERM 3
Life ScienceCritical
4hr
C
LIFE 121 is ideally completed in the second term of enrollment. It becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the third term of enrollment.

Biochem And Organic ChemCritical
complete CHEM 251, CHEM 253
4hr
CHEM 251 is ideally completed in the third term of enrollment. It becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the fifth term of enrollment.

ACE 2 Communication Skill
complete 1 from ACE2
3hr

ACE 5 Humanities
complete 1 from ACE5
3hr

Electives
complete Any Course
1hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 4
Biological Science
complete BIOS 206
4hr
C

Biochem And Organic ChemCritical
complete CHEM 252
3hr

Microbiology CoreCritical
complete BIOS 312
3hr
C
BIOS 312 becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the fifth term of enrollment.

Microbiology Core
complete either BIOS 313 or BIOS 314
2hr
C

ACE 6 Social Sciences
complete 1 from ACE6
3hr
15 HR TERM 5
Statistics
complete 1 from EDPS 459, ECON 215, STAT 218, STAT 380
3hr

Biochem And Organic ChemCritical
complete BIOC 431
3hr

Physics
complete PHYS 141
5hr
Complete PHYS 141 or PHYS 211.

CDR D: Social Sciences
complete 1 from Any Anthropology Course, Any Communications Course, Any Geography Course, Any National Securities Studies Course, Any Political Science Course, Any Psychology Course, Any Sociology Course
3hr
Complete an approved course from a Social Science discipline: ANTH, COMM, GEOG, NSST, POLS, PSYC, SOCI.

Electives
complete Any Course
1hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
17 HR TERM 6
Physics
complete PHYS 142
5hr
Complete PHYS 142 or PHYS 212.

Additional Microbiology

ACE 8 Ethical Principles
complete 1 from ACE8
3hr

ACE 9 Global/Human Divers
complete 1 from ACE9
3hr

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 7
Microbiology Core
complete MBIO 440, MBIO 443
6hr
C

Additional Microbiology

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.

CDR C: Humanities
complete 1 from Any Arabic Course at the 300 Level, Any Classics Course, Any Czech Course at the 300 Level, Any Czech Course at the 400 Level, Any English Course, FREN 282, Any French Course at the 300 Level, Any French Course at the 400 Level, GERM 282, Any German Course at the 300 Level, Any German Course at the 400 Level, Any Greek Course at the 300 Level, Any Greek Course at the 400 Level, Any Hebrew Course at the 300 Level, Any History Course, Any Japanese Course at the 300 Level, Any Latin Course at the 300 Level, Any Latin Course at the 400 Level, Any Philosophy Course, Any Religious Studies Course at any Level, Any Russian Course at the 300 Level, Any Russian Course at the 400 Level, SPAN 264, SPAN 265, Any Spanish Course at the 300 Level, Any Spanish Course at the 400 Level
3hr
Complete an approved course from a Humanities discipline: ARAB, CLAS, CZEC, ENGL, FILM, FREN, GERM, GREK, HEBR, HIST, JAPN, LATN, PHIL, RELG, RUSS, SPAN.
15 HR TERM 8
Microbiology Core
complete MBIO 420
3hr
C
MBIO 420 will also fulfill the ACE 10 requirement.

Additional Microbiology

ACE 7 Arts
complete 1 from ACE7
3hr

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
Graduation Requirements
  1. A minimum 2.00 GPA required for graduation.
  2. ***Total Credits Applying Toward 120 Total Hours***
  3. Complete 30 hours in residence at UNL.
    4. Complete 30 hours at the 300 or 400 level.
    5. Complete 60 hours of Scientific-Base courses in the Natural and Mathematical Sciences.

Career Information

The following represents a sample of the internships, jobs and graduate school programs that current students and recent graduates have reported.

Transferable Skills

  • Understand and utilize a variety of research methodologies
  • Understand fundamental life processes
  • Communicate results of scientific experiments to scientific and non-scientific audiences
  • Design and implement research experiments
  • Apply mathematical and scientific skills to solve real-world problems
  • Comprehend and critically evaluate complex information
  • Analyze and explain data
  • Conduct and present research to large and small groups
  • Read, understand, and critically review scientific information
  • Understand and practice proper laboratory safety procedures

Jobs of Recent Graduates

  • Research Assistant, University of Nebraska Medical Center - Omaha NE
  • Lab Manager, University of Nebraska-Lincoln - Lincoln NE
  • Laboratory Technician, POET Research Center, Inc - Scotland SD
  • Plant Research Biologist, Midwest Research Inc. - York NE
  • Contractor, Syngenta - Omaha NE
  • Postdoctorate, Harvard University - Boston MA
  • Science Writer, LI-COR Biosciences - Lincoln NE
  • Chemist, Archer Daniels Midland - Lincoln NE
  • Scientist I, Aerotek - Chicago IL
  • Phlebotomist, BryanLGH - Lincoln NE

Internships

  • R&D Summer Intern, Estee Lauder Companies - Melville NY
  • Project Manager Assistant/Engineering Assistant, LI-COR Biosciences - Lincoln NE
  • Construction Management Intern, Nemaha Landscape Construction - Lincoln NE
  • Undergrad Student Research Intern, UNL Mid-America Transportation Center - Lincoln NE
  • Certified Nursing Assistant, Delmar Gardens Retirement Home - CNA Program - O'Fallon MO
  • Intern, Monsanto - Gothenburg NE
  • Beckman Research Scholar, UNL College of Arts of Sciences Beckman Scholars - Lincoln NE
  • Associate Management Intern, Cargill - Kansas City, MO
  • Advanced Research Intern, Li-COR Biosciences - Lincoln NE
  • Distinguished Life Sciences Scholar, College of Arts and Sciences - Lincoln NE

Graduate & Professional Schools

  • Medicine, University of South Dakota Sanford School of Medicine - Vermillion SD
  • Dentistry, University of Nebraska Medical College - Lincoln NE
  • College of Medicine, University of Nebraska - Medical Center - Omaha NE
  • Cancer Research Graduate Program, UNMC - Omaha NE
  • Medical Anatomy, University of Nebraska Medical Center - Omaha NE
  • Interdisciplinary Biology and Chemistry with a focus on chemistry, West Texas A&M University - Canyon TX
  • Dental Program, UNMC College of Dentistry - Lincoln NE
  • BS Biochemistry, University of Nebraska-Lincoln -
  • Biochemistry, University of Nebraska - Lincoln - Lincoln NE
  • Masters of Arts in Business Adminstration, University of Nebraska-Lincoln - Lincoln NE