Description

The Department of Physics and Astronomy offers programs leading to the bachelor of arts and bachelor of science degrees. Students preparing for either graduate study or a professional career in physics should pursue the bachelor of science degree with a professional option. For students who have special interests, the department offers options in optics and lasers, materials physics, and computational physics.

The courses required for the bachelor of arts degree in physics offer a broader program in science and the liberal arts suitable for a variety of pre-professional curricula and for interdisciplinary studies in areas including biophysics, chemical physics, and geophysics.
 

College Admission

The entrance requirements for the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS), including any of the majors or minors offered through the college, are the same as the UNL General Admission Requirements. In addition to these requirements, the College of Arts and Sciences strongly recommends a third and fourth year of one foreign language in high school. Four years of high school coursework in the same language will fulfill the College of Arts and Sciences’ language requirement. It will also allow students to continue language study at a more advanced level at UNL and provide more opportunity to study abroad.

ACADEMIC AND CAREER Advising

Academic and Career Advising Center

The Academic and Career Advising Center in 107 Oldfather Hall is the undergraduate hub for CAS students in all majors. Centrally located and easily accessed, students encounter friendly, knowledgeable people who are eager to help. Students visit the Advising Center in 107 Oldfather Hall to:

  • Choose or change their major, minor, or degree program.
  • Check in on policies, procedures, and deadlines.
  • Get a college approval signature from the Dean's representative, Sr. Director of Advising and Student Success.

While the assigned academic advisor should be the student's primary contact, there are daily walk-ins from 12-3 where a general academic advisor can answer a quick question. In addition, the CAS Career Coaches are located here. They help students explore majors and minors, gain experience, and develop a plan for life after graduation. Not sure where to go or who to ask? The Advising Center team can help.

Assigned Academic Advisors

Academic advisors are critical resources dedicated to students' academic, personal, and professional success. Every CAS student is assigned an academic advisor based on their primary major. Since most CAS students have more than just a single major, it is important to get to know the advisor for any minors or additional majors. Academic advisors work closely with the faculty to provide the best overall support and the discipline-specific expertise.

Assigned advisors are listed in MyRED and their offices may be located in or near the department of the major for which they advise or in the Academic and Career Advising Center. Students who have declared a pre-health or pre-law area of interest will also work with advisors in the Exploratory and Pre-Professional Advising Center (Explore Center) in 127 Love South, who are specially trained to guide students preparing to enter a professional school.

For complete and current information on advisors for majors, minors, or pre-professional areas, contact the Arts and Sciences Academic and Career Advising Center, 107 Oldfather Hall, 402-472-4190, http://cas.unl.edu/advising.

Career Coaching

The College believes that Academics + Experience = Opportunities and encourages students to complement their academic preparation with real-world experience, including internships, research, education abroad, service, and leadership. Arts and sciences students have access to a powerful network of faculty, staff, and advisors dedicated to providing information and support for their goals of meaningful employment or advanced education. Arts and sciences graduates have unlimited career possibilities and carry with them important career competencies—communication, critical thinking, creativity, context, and collaboration. They have the skills and adaptability that employers universally value. Graduates are not only prepared to effectively contribute professionally in the real world, but they have a solid foundation to excel in an increasingly global, technological, and interdisciplinary world.

Students should contact the career coaches in the Arts and Sciences Academic and Career Advising Center in 107 Oldfather, or their assigned advisor, for more information. The CAS career coaches help students explore career options, identify ways to build experience, and prepare to apply for internships, jobs, or graduate school, including help with resumes, applications, and interviewing.

ACE Requirements

 Students must complete one course for each of the ACE Student Learning Outcomes below. Certified course choices are published in the degree audit, or visit the ACE website for the most current list of certified courses.

ACE Student Learning Outcomes
ACE 1 : Write texts, in various forms, with an identified purpose, that respond to specific audience needs, integrate research or existing knowledge, and use applicable documentation and appropriate conventions of format and structure.
ACE 2: Demonstrate competence in communication skills.
ACE 3: Use mathematical, computational, statistical, logical, or other formal reasoning to solve problems, draw inferences, justify conclusions, and determine reasonableness.
ACE 4: Use scientific methods and knowledge to pose questions, frame hypotheses, interpret data, and evaluate whether conclusions about the natural and physical world are reasonable.
ACE 5: Use knowledge, historical perspectives, analysis, interpretation, critical evaluation, and the standards of evidence appropriate to the humanities to address problems and issues.
ACE 6: Use knowledge, theories, and research perspectives such as statistical methods or observational accounts appropriate to the social sciences to understand and evaluate social systems or human behaviors.
ACE 7: Use knowledge, theories, or methods appropriate to the arts to understand their context and significance.
ACE 8: Use knowledge, theories, and analysis to explain ethical principles and their importance in society.
ACE 9: Exhibit global awareness or knowledge of human diversity through analysis of an issue.
ACE 10: Generate a creative or scholarly product that requires broad knowledge, appropriate technical proficiency, information collection, synthesis, interpretation, presentation, and reflection.

College Degree Requirements

College Distribution Requirements – BA and BS

The College of Arts and Sciences distribution requirements are common to both the bachelor of arts and bachelor of science degrees and are designed to ensure a range of courses. By engaging in study in several different areas within the College, students develop the ability to learn in a variety of ways and apply their knowledge from a variety of perspectives. All requirements are in addition to University ACE requirements, and no course can be used to fulfill both an ACE outcome and a College Distribution Requirement.

  • A student may not use a single course to satisfy more than one College Distribution Requirement, with the exception of CDR Diversity. Courses used to meet CDR Diversity may also meet CDR Writing, CDR Humanities, or CDR Social Science.
  • Independent study or reading courses and internships cannot be used to satisfy distribution requirements.
  • Courses from interdisciplinary programs will be applied in the same area as courses from the home/cross-listed department.
College Distribution Requirements
CDR: Written Communication3
Select from courses approved for ACE outcome 1.
CDR: Natural, Physical, and Mathematical Sciences with Lab4
Select from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, computer science, geology, meteorology, mathematics, physics, and statistics. Must include one lab in the natural or physical sciences. Lab courses may be selected from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, geology, meteorology, and physics.
Some courses from geography and anthropology may also be used to satisfy the lab requirement above. 1
CDR: Humanities3
Select from classics, English, history, modern languages and literatures, philosophy, and religious studies. 2
CDR: Social Science3
Select from anthropology, communication studies, geography, political science, psychology, or sociology. 3
CDR: Human Diversity in U.S. Communities0-3
Select from a set of approved courses as listed in the degree audit.
CDR: Language0-16
Fulfilled by the completion of the 6-credit-hour second-year sequence in a single foreign language in one of the following departments: Classics and religious studies or modern languages and literatures. Instruction is currently available in Arabic, Chinese, Czech, French, German, Greek, Japanese, Latin, Russian, and Spanish.
A student who has completed the fourth-year level of one foreign language in high school is exempt from the languages requirement, but encouraged to continue on in their language study.
Credit Hours Subtotal: 13-32

Language Requirement

UNL and the College of Arts and Sciences place great value on academic exposure and proficiency in a second language. The UNL entrance requirement of two years of the same foreign language or the College’s language distribution requirement (CDR: Language) will rarely be waived and only with relevant documentation. See the main College of Arts and Sciences page for more details.

Scientific Base - BS Only

The bachelor of science degree requires students to complete 60 hours in mathematical, physical, and natural sciences. Approved courses for scientific base credit come from the following College of Arts and Sciences disciplines: actuarial science, anthropology (selected courses), astronomy, biochemistry (excluding BIOC 101), biological sciences (excluding BIOS 100 or BIOS 203), chemistry (excluding CHEM 101), computer science (excluding CSCE 10), geography (selected courses), geology, life sciences, mathematics (excluding courses below MATH 104), meteorology, microbiology (excluding MBIO 101), and physics.

See your Degree Audit or your assigned academic advisor for a complete list, including individual classes that fall outside of the disciplines listed above. Up to 12 hours of scientific and technical courses offered by other colleges may be accepted toward this requirement with approval of the College of Arts and Sciences. See your assigned academic advisor to start the approval process.

Minimum Hours Required for Graduation

A minimum of 120 semester hours of credit is required for graduation from the College of Arts and Sciences. A cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0 is required.

Grade Rules

Restrictions on C- and D Grades

The College will accept no more than 15 semester hours of C- and D grades from other domestic institutions except for UNO and UNK. All courses taken at UNO and UNK impact the UNL transcript. No transfer of C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor. No UNL C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor. International coursework (including education abroad) with a final grade equivalent to a C- or lower will not be validated by College of Arts and Sciences departments to be degree applicable.

Pass/No Pass Privilege

The College of Arts and Sciences adheres to the University regulations for the Pass/No Pass (P/N) privilege with the following additional regulations:

  • Pass/No Pass hours can count toward fulfillment of University ACE requirements and college distribution requirements up to the 24-hour maximum.
  • Most arts and sciences departments and programs do not allow courses graded Pass/No Pass to apply to the major or minor. Students should refer to the department’s or program’s section of the catalog for clarification. By college rule, departments can allow up to 6 hours of Pass/No Pass in the major or minor.
  • Departments may specify that certain courses of theirs can be taken only on a P/N basis.
  • The college will permit no more than a total of 24 semester hours of P/N grades to be applied toward degree requirements. This total includes all Pass grades earned at UNL and other U.S. schools. NOTE: This 24-hour limit is more restrictive than the University regulation.

Grading Appeals

A student who feels that he/she has been unfairly graded must ordinarily take the following sequential steps in a timely manner, usually by initiating the appeal in the semester following the awarding of the grade:

  1. Talk with the instructor concerned. Most problems are resolved at this point.
  2. Talk to the instructor’s department chairperson.
  3. Take the case to the Grading Appeal Committee of the department concerned. The Committee should be contacted through the department chairperson.
  4. Take the case to the College Grading Appeals Committee by contacting the Dean’s Office, 1223 Oldfather Hall.

Course Level Requirements

Courses Numbered at the 300 or 400 Level

Thirty (30) of the 120 semester hours of credit must be in courses numbered at the 300 or 400 level. Of those 30 hours, 15 hours (1/2) must be completed in residence at UNL.

Residency Requirement

Students must complete at least 30 of the 120 total hours for their degree at UNL. Students must complete at least 1/2 of their major coursework, including 6 hours at the 300 or 400 level in their major and 15 of the 30 hours required at the 300 or 400 level, in residence. Credit earned during education abroad may be used toward the residency requirement only if students register through UNL.

Catalog to Use

Students must fulfill the requirements stated in the catalog for the academic year in which they are first admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at UNL. In consultation with advisors, a student may choose to follow a subsequent catalog for any academic year in which they are admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at UNL in the College of Arts and Sciences. Students must complete all degree requirements from a single catalog year. Beginning in 1990-1991, the catalog which a student follows for degree requirements may not be more than 10 years old at the time of graduation.

Learning Outcomes

Graduates of physics will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate a conceptual understanding of the fundamental principles of physics.
  2. Properly invoke these principles in the explanation of physical phenomena.
  3. Apply these principles in the solution of problems.
  4. Apply the content, stipulated in individual course syllabi, which will include, though not be limited to: the principles of force and motion and the relationships between them; the conservation, transfer, and transformations of energy; the fundamental electric and magnetic properties of matter; the fundamental properties of mechanical and electromagnetic waves; the laws of thermodynamics; and the basic application and extension of all these principles to nuclear and atomic physics.

Major Requirements

Bachelor of Science

Complete the core requirements plus one of the following options: Professional, Optics and Lasers, Materials Physics, or Computational Physics.

Core Requirements

Physics
PHYS 201Modern Topics in Physics and Astronomy1
PHYS 211General Physics I4
PHYS 221General Physics Laboratory I1
PHYS 212General Physics II4
PHYS 222General Physics Laboratory II1
PHYS 213General Physics III4
PHYS 223General Physics Laboratory III1
PHYS 231Electrical and Electronic Circuits3
PHYS 311Mechanics3
PHYS 431Thermal Physics3
PHYS 451Electromagnetic Theory3
PHYS 461Quantum Mechanics3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 31
Mathematics
MATH 106Calculus I5
MATH 107Calculus II4
MATH 208Calculus III4
MATH 221Differential Equations3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 16
Chemistry 1
CHEM 113Fundamental Chemistry I4
or CHEM 109 General Chemistry I
Credit Hours Subtotal: 4
Option Courses
Complete one of the following options described below.17-20
Credit Hours Subtotal: 17-20
Total Credit Hours68-71

Professional Option

The Professional Option is designed for students intending to pursue graduate study or employment in physics or a related scientific or engineering discipline.
 

Professional Option Required Courses
PHYS 441Experimental Physics I3
PHYS 442Experimental Physics II3
PHYS 452Optics and Electromagnetic Waves3
PHYS 462Atoms, Nuclei, and Elementary Particles3
Select at least 6 hours of the following: 26
Physics of Lasers and Modern Optics
Concepts of Modern Physics
Computational Physics
Introduction to Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Experimental Physics III
Introduction to Lasers and Laser Applications
Galactic and Extragalactic Astronomy
Stellar Astrophysics
Physics of the Solar System
Physics of the Interstellar Medium
Linear Algebra
Introduction to Partial Differential Equations
Credit Hours Subtotal: 18
Total Credit Hours18

Optics and Lasers Option

The Optics and Lasers Option is designed for students intending to pursue graduate study or employment in optical or laser physics or in related engineering disciplines.
 

Optics and Lasers Option Required courses
PHYS 343Physics of Lasers and Modern Optics3
PHYS 441Experimental Physics I3
PHYS 452Optics and Electromagnetic Waves3
PHYS 480 / ECEN 480Introduction to Lasers and Laser Applications3
Select at least 6 hours of the following: 26
Concepts of Modern Physics
Computational Physics
Introduction to Physics and Chemistry of Solids
Experimental Physics II
Atoms, Nuclei, and Elementary Particles
Linear Algebra
Introduction to Partial Differential Equations
Credit Hours Subtotal: 18
Total Credit Hours18

Materials Physics Option

The Materials Physics Option is designed for students intending to pursue graduate study or employment in materials physics or in related disciplines.
 

Materials Physics Option Required courses
CHEM 114Fundamental Chemistry II3
CHEM 221Elementary Quantitative Analysis4
MATL 360Elements of Materials Science4
MATL 462X-ray Diffraction3
or MATL 471 Electron Microscopy of Materials
PHYS 422 / ECEN 422Introduction to Physics and Chemistry of Solids3
Select at least 3 hours of the following: 23
Organic Chemistry
Physical Chemistry I
Electronics and Circuits II
Physics of Lasers and Modern Optics
Computational Physics
Experimental Physics I
Credit Hours Subtotal: 20
Total Credit Hours20

Computational Physics Option

The Computational Physics Option is designed for students intending to pursue graduate study or employment in computational physics or in related disciplines.
 

Computational Physics Option Required courses
CSCE 155NComputer Science I: Engineering and Science Focus3
CSCE 156Computer Science II4
CSCE 251Unix Programming Environment1
PHYS 401Computational Physics3
Select at least 6 hours of the following: 26
Introduction to Discrete Structures
Data Structures and Algorithms
Numerical Analysis I
Parallel Programming
Physics of Lasers and Modern Optics
Experimental Physics I
Credit Hours Subtotal: 17
Total Credit Hours17

Bachelor of Arts

Core Requirements

The BA course requirements are designed for students pursuing careers for which the knowledge and methodology of physics are essential.
 

Physics
PHYS 201Modern Topics in Physics and Astronomy1
Select one of the following:5
General Physics I
and General Physics Laboratory I (preferred)
Elementary General Physics I
Select one of the following:5
General Physics II
and General Physics Laboratory II (preferred)
Elementary General Physics II
PHYS 213General Physics III4
PHYS 223General Physics Laboratory III1
PHYS 231Electrical and Electronic Circuits3
PHYS 311Mechanics3
PHYS 441Experimental Physics I3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 25
Mathematics
MATH 106Calculus I5
MATH 107Calculus II4
MATH 208Calculus III4
MATH 221Differential Equations3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 16
Chemistry
Select one of the following:4
General Chemistry I
Chemistry for Engineering and Technology
Fundamental Chemistry I
Credit Hours Subtotal: 4
Total Credit Hours45

Specific Major Requirements

Additional Physics Courses
Select 9 hours of the following: 29
Physics of Lasers and Modern Optics
Concepts of Modern Physics
Electromagnetic Theory
Quantum Mechanics
Thermal Physics
Introduction to Lasers and Laser Applications
Credit Hours Subtotal: 9
Additional Related Courses
Select 6 hours of math, statistics, engineering or science courses at the 300 or 400 level6
Credit Hours Subtotal: 6
Total Credit Hours15

Additional Major Requirements

Grade Rules

C- and D Grades

A grade of C or above is required for all courses in the major and minor.

Pass/No Pass

No course taken Pass/No Pass will be counted toward the major or minor.

Requirements for Minor Offered by Department

Plan A Minor (19 hours)

PHYS 201Modern Topics in Physics and Astronomy1
Select one sequence from the following:10
General Physics I
and General Physics Laboratory I
and General Physics II
and General Physics Laboratory II
Elementary General Physics I
and Elementary General Physics II
PHYS 213General Physics III4
PHYS 223General Physics Laboratory III1
Select one of the following:3-4
Three (3) additional hours chosen from physics courses listed as requirements for the major in physics
Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics
and Astronomy and Astrophysics Laboratory
Total Credit Hours19

Plan B Minor (15 hours)

PHYS 201Modern Topics in Physics and Astronomy1
Select one sequence from the following:10
General Physics I
and General Physics Laboratory I
and General Physics II
and General Physics Laboratory II
Elementary General Physics I
and Elementary General Physics II
PHYS 213General Physics III4
Total Credit Hours15

Grade Rules

C- and D Grades

A grade of C or above is required for all courses in the major and minor.

Pass/No Pass

No course taken Pass/No Pass will be counted toward the major or minor.

ASTR103
Descriptive Astronomy

Description: Approach is essentially nonmathematical. Survey of the nature and motions of the planets, the sun, the stars, and their lives, galaxies, and the structure of the universe. Black holes, pulsars, quasars, and other objects of special interest included.

This course is a prerequisite for: ASTR 113; ASTR 203

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

ASTR103H
Honors: Descriptive Astronomy

Prerequisites: Good standing in the University Honors Program or by invitation

Broad look at astronomy for non-science majors.

Description: Approach is essentially non-mathematical, but simple algebra is employed where appropriate. Sun and solar system, the stars, galaxies, and cosmology. Black holes, pulsars, quasars, and other objects of special interest included. Emphasis on both "what is out there" and "how we know it".

This course is a prerequisite for: ASTR 113; ASTR 203

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

ASTR113
Selected Topics in Astronomy

Prerequisites: ASTR 103 or permission.

Description: A non-mathematical continuation and extension of ASTR 103, designed for students who would like a more detailed look at specific areas in astronomy. Possible topics: astronomy and relativity; life in the universe; pulsars, quasars, and black holes; evolution of galaxies, origin of the universe.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

ASTR117
Life in the UniverseCrosslisted with BIOS 117, GEOL 117

Description: Survey of what modern science tells us about the possibilities of life elsewhere in the universe. Topics include how the Earth formed and became suitable for life, how life arose on the Earth, the conditions under which life can thrive, places in the solar system that might support life, the existence of other solar systems that might provide suitable habitats, and attempts to find evidence of life on other planets.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

ASTR203
Introduction to Observational Astronomy

Prerequisites: ASTR 103/ASTR 103H or equivalent

The course consists of 2 lecture hours and three evening laboratory hours per week.

Description: Exploration of equipment and techniques needed to observe and investigate the motions and objects in the night sky.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

ASTR204
Introduction to Astronomy and Astrophysics

Prerequisites: PHYS 211/211H; MATH 107/107H; parallel ASTR 224

Survey of the sun, the solar system, stellar properties, stellar systems, interstellar matter, galaxies, and cosmology.

Description: Survey of the sun, the solar system, stellar properties, stellar systems, interstellar matter, galaxies, and cosmology.

This course is a prerequisite for: ASTR 224

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

ASTR224
Astronomy and Astrophysics Laboratory

Prerequisites: Parallel ASTR 204.

Description: Telescopic observations and laboratory experiments relating to observational astronomy. Obtaining digital astronomical images, the analysis of the resulting data and its astrophysical interpretation.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

ASTR403
Galactic and Extragalactic AstronomyCrosslisted with ASTR 803

Prerequisites: ASTR 204 and PHYS 213, and permission.

Description: Introduction to the techniques for determining constituents and dynamics of our galaxy, including interstellar matter and theories of spiral arm formation. Extragalactic topics include basic characteristics of galaxies, active galaxies, quasars, evolution, and the cosmological distance scale.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

ASTR404
Stellar AstrophysicsCrosslisted with ASTR 804

Prerequisites: ASTR 204; PHYS 213; and permission.

Description: Stellar atmospheres, interiors, and evolution. Theoretical and observational aspects of stellar astronomy. The relation between observed parameters and theoretical parameters, star formation, stellar energy generation, and degenerate stars.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

ASTR405
Physics of the Solar SystemCrosslisted with ASTR 805

Prerequisites: ASTR 204; MATH 107/107H; PHYS 142/142H or PHYS 212/212H.

Description: Celestial mechanics; tidal effects; planetary interiors; atmospheres and surfaces; comets; asteroids; and the origin of the solar system. Applying physics to the solution of solar system problems.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

ASTR407
Physics of the Interstellar MediumCrosslisted with ASTR 807

Prerequisites: ASTR 204 and PHYS 213.

Description: Gaseous nebulae, interstellar dust, interstellar clouds and star forming regions. Theoretical and observational aspects of the various components of the interstellar medium. Includes the physics of emission nebulae, the properties of the interstellar dust, interstellar molecules and the properties of clouds in which star formation occurs.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

ASTR498
Special TopicsCrosslisted with ASTR 898

Prerequisites: ASTR 204 and permission.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:9
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS115
Descriptive Physics

Description: Qualitative approach to physics for the non-science major that emphasizes concepts and how they are used to understand the everyday physical world. Newton's description of motion and forces, the atomic view of matter, kinds and transformations of energy, the nature of electricity and magnetism, sound and light waves, and subatomic particles. Some topics selected according to student interest. Recommended for all students wanting a nonmathematical look at basic discoveries of physics.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

PHYS141
Elementary General Physics I

Prerequisites: MATH 102 or higher; or qualifying score on Math Placement Exam for MATH 106 or higher.

Credit toward the degree may be earned in only one of: PHYS 141, 141H and 151.

Description: Mechanics, heat, waves and sound.

Course details
Credit Hours:5
Max credits per semester:5
Max credits per degree:5
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:5

ACE:ACE 4 Science

PHYS141H
Honors: Elementary General Physics I

Prerequisites: Good standing with the University Honors Program; MATH 102 or higher; or qualifying score on Math Placement Exam for MATH 106 or higher.

Credit toward the degree may be earned in only one of: PHYS 141, 141H and 151.

Description: For course description, see PHYS 141.

Course details
Credit Hours:5
Max credits per semester:5
Max credits per degree:5
Grading Option:Graded
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:5

ACE:ACE 4 Science

PHYS142
Elementary General Physics II

Prerequisites: PHYS 141 or 141H.

Description: Continuation of PHYS 141. Electricity, magnetism, optics, relativity, atomic and nuclear physics.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOC 440; CNST 306; PHYS 343; PHYS 361

Course details
Credit Hours:5
Max credits per semester:5
Max credits per degree:5
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:5

ACE:

PHYS142H
Honors: Elementary General Physics II

Prerequisites: Good standing in the University Honors program or by invitation; PHYS 141 or 141H.

Lab fee required.

Description: For course description, see PHYS 142.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOC 440; PHYS 343; PHYS 361

Course details
Credit Hours:5
Max credits per semester:5
Max credits per degree:5
Grading Option:Graded

Credit Hours:5

ACE:

PHYS151
Elements of Physics

Prerequisites: MATH 102 or higher; or qualifying score on Math Placement Exam for MATH 106 or higher.

Credit toward the degree may be earned in only one of: PHYS 141, 141H and 151.

Description: Short course, without laboratory, for those who need one semester of elementary general physics. Emphasis on understanding our physical environment through application of principles of mechanics, heat, sound, electricity, and light.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 4 Science

PHYS153
Elements of Physics Laboratory

Prerequisites: PHYS 151 or parallel.

Optional lab to accompany PHYS 151.

Description: Laboratory experiments in mechanics, heat, and wave motion.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

PHYS198
Special Topics in Physics

Description: Topic varies.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-6
Max credits per semester:6
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-6

ACE:

PHYS201
Modern Topics in Physics and Astronomy

Prerequisites: Must be a PHYS major or minor with freshman or sophomore status.

Description: Seminar/workshop that introduces students to topics in modern physics research in basic and applied areas. Students given an understanding of how their studies relate to current progress in physics and astronomy and to prepare for careers in physics-related disciplines.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

PHYS211
General Physics I

Prerequisites: MATH 106 or parallel

One year of either high school physics or algebra-based college physics is expected.

Description: Calculus-based course intended for students in engineering and the physical sciences. Mechanics, fluids, wave motion, and heat.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 4 Science

PHYS211H
Honors: General Physics I

Prerequisites: Physics major or good standing with the University Honors Program; MATH 106 or parallel.

Ambitious students who are not in the Honors Program are encouraged to request permission to enroll.

Description: For course description, see PHYS 211.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 4 Science

PHYS212
General Physics II

Prerequisites: PHYS 211 or 211H; MATH 107 or 107H or parallel.

Description: Continuation of PHYS 211. Electricity, magnetism, and optics.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 4 Science

PHYS212H
Honors: General Physics II

Prerequisites: Physics major or good standing with the University Honors Program; PHYS 211 or 211H; MATH 107 or 107H or parallel.

Ambitious students who are not in the Honors Program are encouraged to request permission to enroll.

Description: For course description, see PHYS 212.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 4 Science

PHYS213
General Physics III

Prerequisites: PHYS 212 or 212H; MATH 208 or 208H or parallel.

Description: Continuation of PHYS 212. Relativity, quantum mechanics, atoms, and nuclei.

This course is a prerequisite for: PHYS 223

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

PHYS213H
Honors: General Physics III

Prerequisites: Physics major or good standing with the University Honors program; PHYS 212 or 212H; MATH 208 or 208H, or parallel.

Ambitious students who are not in the Honors Program are encouraged to request permission to enroll.

Description: For course description, see PHYS 213.

This course is a prerequisite for: PHYS 223

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

PHYS221
General Physics Laboratory I

Prerequisites: PHYS 211 or 211H or parallel.

Optional lab to accompany PHYS 211.

Description: Experiments in mechanics, heat and wave motion.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

PHYS222
General Physics Laboratory II

Prerequisites: PHYS 212 or 212H or parallel.

Optional lab to accompany PHYS 212.

Description: Laboratory experiments in electromagnetism and optics.

This course is a prerequisite for: PHYS 231

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

PHYS223
General Physics Laboratory III

Prerequisites: PHYS 213 or 213H or parallel.

Optional lab to accompany PHYS 213.

Description: Experiments in atomic and nuclear physics.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

PHYS231
Electrical and Electronic Circuits

Prerequisites: PHYS 212 and 222.

Description: Diode, transistor, and operational amplifier circuits and analog applications; gates, flip-flops, and elementary digital electronics.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS260
Liberal Arts Physics: Matter and Motion

Prerequisites: MATH 101 or higher; or qualifying score on Math Placement Exam for MATH 102, 104, or higher.

PHYS 260 and 261 are independent and may be taken in any order.

Description: Basic concepts of physics in a historical context and in relationship to the intellectual development of humankind. Mechanics, heat gravitation, and structure of the universe.

This course is a prerequisite for: PHYS 262

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS261
Liberal Arts Physics: Atoms and Fields

Prerequisites: MATH 101 or higher; or qualifying score on Math Placement Exam for MATH 102, 104, or higher.

Description: Basic concepts of physics in a historical context and in relationship to the intellectual development of humankind. Atomic structure of matter, states of matter, waves, and light. Practical consequences of the properties of matter and physical phenomena.

This course is a prerequisite for: PHYS 262

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS262
Physical Sciences by Inquiry

Prerequisites: PHYS 260 or PHYS 261 or parallel.

Intended for students planning to be elementary or middle-level teachers

Description: Selected physical science concepts using inquiry methods.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

PHYS298
Special Topics in Physics

Prerequisites: Permission.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-12
Max credits per semester:12
Max credits per degree:12
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-12

ACE:

PHYS311
Mechanics

Prerequisites: PHYS 212 or 212H or parallel, MATH 221 or 221H or parallel.

Description: Review of vector operations and of the kinematics and dynamics of a particle. Dynamics of a system of particles, motion of rigid bodies, central force problems, collisions, Lagrangian techniques, oscillations, and coupled oscillators.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS343
Physics of Lasers and Modern Optics

Prerequisites: PHYS 142 or 142H or 212 or 212H.

Description: Physical principles and techniques of lasers and modern optics. Emphasis on practical experience with state-of-the-art techniques and applications.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

PHYS361
Concepts of Modern Physics

Prerequisites: PHYS 142 or 212 with a grade of C+ or better.

Description: Some of the concepts and ideas underlying modern areas of physics through readings from non-technical works by noted physicists and science writers. Includes quantum mechanics, relativity, cosmology, chaos, and examples of modern technology.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS391
Undergraduate Research

Prerequisites: Permission.

Description: Research participation.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:8
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-4

ACE:

PHYS399H
Honors Course

Prerequisites: Permission.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded

Credit Hours:1-4

ACE:

PHYS401
Computational PhysicsCrosslisted with PHYS 801

Prerequisites: A grade of P, C or better in PHYS 311.

Description: Re-formulation of physics problems for solution on a computer, control of errors in numerical work, and programming.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS422
Introduction to Physics and Chemistry of SolidsCrosslisted with PHYS 822, ECEN 422, ECEN 822

Prerequisites: PHYS 213 or CHEM 481/881, MATH 221/821.

Description: Introduction to structural, thermal, electrical, and magnetic properties of solids, based on concepts of atomic structure, chemical bonding in molecules, and electron states in solids. Principles underlying molecular design of materials and solid-state devices.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS431
Thermal PhysicsCrosslisted with PHYS 831

Prerequisites: PHYS 213

Description: Thermal phenomena from the point of view of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, and statistical mechanics.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS441
Experimental Physics ICrosslisted with PHYS 841

Prerequisites: PHYS 213, 223 and 231

Lab fee required.

Description: Methods and techniques of modern experimental physics.

This course is a prerequisite for: PHYS 442, PHYS 842

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

PHYS442
Experimental Physics IICrosslisted with PHYS 842

Prerequisites: PHYS 441/841 or permission

Lab fee required.

Description: Continuation of PHYS 441/841.

This course is a prerequisite for: PHYS 443, PHYS 843

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

PHYS443
Experimental Physics IIICrosslisted with PHYS 843

Prerequisites: PHYS 442/842 or permission.

Description: Continuation of PHYS 442/842.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

PHYS451
Electromagnetic TheoryCrosslisted with PHYS 851

Prerequisites: PHYS 213; MATH 221/821.

Description: Theory of electric and magnetic fields and their interaction with charges and currents, Maxwell's equations, electric and magnetic properties of matter.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS452
Optics and Electromagnetic WavesCrosslisted with PHYS 852

Prerequisites: A grade of P, C or better in PHYS 451/851

Description: Production of electromagnetic waves, wave guides and cavities, properties of waves, plane waves, reflection and refraction, interference and coherence phenomena, polarization. Optical properties of matter.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS461
Quantum MechanicsCrosslisted with PHYS 861

Prerequisites: A grade of P, C or better in PHYS 213 and 311.

Description: Basic concepts and formalism of quantum mechanics with applications to simple systems.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS462
Atoms, Nuclei, and Elementary ParticlesCrosslisted with PHYS 862

Prerequisites: A grade of P, C or better in PHYS 461

Description: Basic concepts and experimental foundation for an understanding of the physics of atoms, nuclei, and elementary particles.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS480
Introduction to Lasers and Laser ApplicationsCrosslisted with ECEN 480, ECEN 880, PHYS 880

Prerequisites: PHYS 213/(UNO) PHYS 2130.

Description: Physics of electronic transition production stimulated emission of radiation. Threshold conditions for laser oscillation. Types of lasers and their applications in engineering.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

PHYS491
Special Topics in PhysicsCrosslisted with PHYS 891

Prerequisites: PHYS 213 and permission.

Description: Topics vary.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:9
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

PLEASE NOTE
This document represents a sample 4-year plan for degree completion with this major. Actual course selection and sequence may vary and should be discussed individually with your college or department academic advisor. Advisors also can help you plan other experiences to enrich your undergraduate education such as internships, education abroad, undergraduate research, learning communities, and service learning and community-based learning.

Physics (B.A.)

Icon Legend: CriticalCritical
16 HR TERM 1
PHYS 201 Core Course
complete PHYS 201
1hr
C

General Physics I
complete 2 from PHYS 211, PHYS 221, PHYS 141
5hr
C
Complete PHYS 211 and 221 or PHYS 141. PHYS 211 and 221 are preferred. This will also fulfill the ACE 4 requirement.

MATH 106 Core CourseCritical
complete MATH 106
5hr
C
MATH 106 becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the second term of enrollment. MATH 106 also fulfills the ACE 3 requirement.

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
5hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
14 HR TERM 2
MATH 107 Core Course
complete MATH 107
4hr
C
Math 107 fulfills the CDR F requirement.

General Physics IICritical
complete 2 from PHYS 212, PHYS 222, PHYS 142
5hr
C
Complete PHYS 212 and 222 or PHYS 142. PHYS 212 and 222 are preferred. PHYS 142 or 212 ideally completed in Term 2 and critical in Term 3. This will also fulfill the CDR Sci/Math and CDR Lab requirements.

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
5hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
15 HR TERM 3
MATH 208 Core Course
complete MATH 208
4hr
C

General Physics IIICritical
complete PHYS 213, PHYS 223
5hr
C

ACE 1 Written Texts
complete 1 from ACE1
3hr

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
15 HR TERM 4
MATH 221 Core Course
complete MATH 221
3hr
C

PHYS 231 Core Course
complete PHYS 231
3hr
C

CDR: Writing
complete 1 from ACE1
3hr
Complete an additional course approved as ACE 1.

ACE 2 Communication Skill
complete 1 from ACE2
3hr

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
16 HR TERM 5
PHYS 441 Core Course
complete PHYS 441
3hr
C
PHYS 441 also fulfills the ACE 10 requirement.

PHYS 311 Core CourseCritical
complete PHYS 311
3hr
C
PHYS 311 becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the fifth term of enrollment.

Chemistry
4hr
C
CHEM 133A and CHEM 113L are preferred.

CDR: Diversity in the US
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course related to Diversity in U.S. Communities. See degree audit for choices. This requirement is permitted to overlap with CDR Humanities or CDR Social Science.

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 6
Additional Physics

ACE 5 Humanities
complete 1 from ACE5
3hr

ACE 6 Social Sciences
complete 1 from ACE6
3hr

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 7
Additional Related Course
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
C
Complete an approved course in Math, Statistics, or Science at the 300 or 400 level.

ACE 8 Ethical Principles
complete 1 from ACE8
3hr

ACE 9 Global/Human Divers
complete 1 from ACE9
3hr

CDR: Humanities
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course from a Humanities discipline: ARAB, CLAS, CZEC, ENGL, FILM, FREN, GERM, GREK, HEBR, HIST, JAPN, LATN, PHIL, RELG, RUSS, SPAN.

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
14 HR TERM 8
Additional Physics

Additional Related Course
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
C
Complete an approved course in Math, Statistics, or Science at the 300 or 400 level.

ACE 7 Arts
complete 1 from ACE7
3hr

CDR: Social Science
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course from a Social Science discipline: ANTH, COMM, GEOG, NSST, POLS, PSYC, SOCI.

Electives
complete Any Course
2hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
Graduation Requirements
  1. ***Total Credits Applying Toward 120 Total Hours***
  2. A minimum 2.00 GPA required for graduation.
  3. Complete 30 hours in residence at UNL.
    4. Complete 30 hours at the 300 or 400 level.


Physics - Professional (B.S.)

Icon Legend: CriticalCritical
14 HR TERM 1
PHYS 201 Corse Course
complete PHYS 201
1hr
C

PHYS 211/221 Core Course
complete PHYS 211, PHYS 221
5hr
C
PHYS 211 also fulfills the ACE 4 requirement. PHYS 221 fulfills the CDR Lab requirement.

MATH 106 Core CourseCritical
complete MATH 106
5hr
C
MATH 106 becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the second term of enrollment. It also fulfills the ACE 3 requirement.

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
15 HR TERM 2
MATH 107 Core Course
complete MATH 107
4hr
C

PHYS 212/222 Core CourseCritical
complete PHYS 212, PHYS 222
5hr
C
PHSY 212 is ideally completed in the second term of enrollment. It becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the third term of enrollment. It also fulfills the CDR Science/Math requirement,

ACE 1 Written Texts
complete 1 from ACE1
3hr

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
16 HR TERM 3
PHYS 213/223 Core CourseCritical
complete PHYS 213, PHYS 223
5hr
C

MATH 208 Core Course
complete MATH 208
4hr
C

Chemistry
4hr
C
Complete 1 set - CHEM 113A and CHEM 113L is preferred.

CDR: Writing
complete 1 from ACE1
3hr
Complete an additional course approved as ACE 1.
15 HR TERM 4
PHYS 231 Core Course
complete PHYS 231
3hr
C

MATH 221 Core Course
complete MATH 221
3hr
C

ACE 2 Communication Skill
complete 1 from ACE2
3hr

ACE 5 Humanities
complete 1 from ACE5
3hr

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 5
PHYS 431 Core Course
complete PHYS 431
3hr
C

PHYS 311 Core CourseCritical
complete PHYS 311
3hr
C
PHYS 311 becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the fifth term of enrollment.

Professional Option Core
complete PHYS 441
3hr
C
PHYS 441 also fulfills the ACE 10 requirement.

ACE 6 Social Sciences
complete 1 from ACE6
3hr

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 6
PHYS 451 Core Course
complete PHYS 451
3hr
C

PHYS 461 Core Course
complete PHYS 461
3hr
C

Professional Option Core
complete PHYS 442
3hr
C

CDR: Diversity in the US
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course related to Diversity in U.S. Communities. See degree audit for choices. This requirement is permitted to overlap with CDR Humanities or CDR Social Science.

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 7
Professional Option Core
complete PHYS 452, PHYS 462
6hr
C

ACE 9 Global/Human Divers
complete 1 from ACE9
3hr

CDR: Social Science
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course from a Social Science discipline: ANTH, COMM, GEOG, NSST, POLS, PSYC, SOCI.

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 8
Professional Opt Elect
Completion of MATH 314 and 424 fulfills the requirements for a Math minor.

ACE 7 Arts
complete 1 from ACE7
3hr

ACE 8 Ethical Principles
complete 1 from ACE8
3hr

Electives
complete Any Course
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
Graduation Requirements
  1. ***Total Credits Applying Toward 120 Total Hours***
  2. A minimum 2.00 GPA required for graduation.
  3. Complete 30 hours in residence at UNL.
    4. Complete 30 hours at the 300 or 400 level.
    5. Complete 60 hours of Scientific-Base courses in the Natural and Mathematical Sciences.

Career Information

The following represents a sample of the internships, jobs and graduate school programs that current students and recent graduates have reported.

Transferable Skills

  • Make predictions using mathematical, statistical, and scientific modeling methods
  • Conduct and present research to large and small groups
  • Apply mathematical and scientific skills to solve real-world problems
  • Analyze and explain data
  • Collaborate with a team to develop solutions
  • Compose convincing arguments and present logical information
  • Comprehend and critically evaluate complex information
  • Define problems and identifying causes
  • Design and implement research experiments
  • Develop and defend evidence based arguments

Jobs of Recent Graduates

  • Process Engineer I, Garmin - Olathe KS
  • Software Developer, Applied Underwriters - Omaha NE
  • Science Teacher, Lincoln Public Schools - Lincoln NE
  • Software Developer Engineer, CSG International - Omaha NE
  • Systems Programmer, Bryan Health - Lincoln NE
  • Loan Advisor, Nelnet - Omaha NE
  • Teaching Assistant, University of Nebraska-Lincoln - Lincoln NE
  • Science teacher 9-12, Millard Public Schools - Omaha NE
  • Technician, JA Woollam - Lincoln NE

Internships

  • Intern, UNL Holland Computing - Lincoln NE

Graduate & Professional Schools

  • Ph.D., Physics, Stanford University - Stanford CA
  • Ph.D., Astronomy, University of California-Berkeley - Berkley CA
  • Ph.D., Geophysics, California Institute of Technology - Pasadena CA
  • Ph.D., Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison - Madison WI
  • Ph.D., Physics, University of California-San Diego - San Diego CA
  • Ph.D., Physics, Twin Cities-University of Minnesota - Minneapollis MN
  • Ph.D., Chemistry, California Institute of Technology -
  • Ph.D., Physics, University of California, Los Angeles - Los Angeles CA
  • Master's Degree, Science Teaching, University of Nebraska-Lincoln - Lincoln NE
  • Ph.D., Physics, University of Nebraska-Lincoln - Lincoln NE