Description

The School of Biological Sciences offers educational opportunities in various areas of biology leading toward either the bachelor of science or the bachelor of arts degree. Our research and teaching cover all levels of biological organization—from molecules to ecosystems—with a focus on integrating across levels. Study in the biological sciences prepares students for a variety of careers, including medicine, allied health, government, industry, education, and research.

Options in the Major

Students may choose to focus their advanced coursework in ways that meet their specific interests and career goals. All students complete a core set of requirements and can determine, in consultation with faculty and their academic advisor, which specific option to follow. The option will be documented on the final transcript.

Standard Option

Allows students to choose their own combination of advanced courses from subareas of cell biology, organismal biology, genetics, ecology, and evolution.

Human Health and Disease Option

Provides students the opportunity to combine a strong biological sciences education with a focus on the health and disease of humans.
 

Program Assessment. To assist the department in evaluating the effectiveness of its program, after significantly completing the coursework, all majors will be required in their senior year to register for BIOS 99 Assessment of the Major and complete selected assessment activities. Results of participation in these assessment activities will in no way affect a student's GPA or graduation.

Cedar Point Biological Station. Biological sciences majors are strongly urged to attend the Cedar Point Biological Station for at least one summer session. Majors are also encouraged to do a research project with a faculty member.

College Admission

The entrance requirements for the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS), including any of the majors or minors offered through the college, are the same as the University of Nebraska–Lincoln General Admission Requirements. In addition to these requirements, the College of Arts and Sciences strongly recommends a third and fourth year of one foreign language in high school. Four years of high school coursework in the same language will fulfill the College of Arts and Sciences’ language requirement. It will also allow students to continue language study at a more advanced level at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and provide more opportunity to study abroad.

ACADEMIC AND CAREER Advising

Academic and Career Advising Center

The Academic and Career Advising Center in 107 Oldfather Hall is the undergraduate hub for CAS students in all majors. Centrally located and easily accessed, students encounter friendly, knowledgeable people who are eager to help. Students visit the Advising Center in 107 Oldfather Hall to:

  • Choose or change their major, minor, or degree program.
  • Check in on policies, procedures, and deadlines.
  • Get a college approval signature from the Dean's representative, Sr. Director of Advising and Student Success.

While the assigned academic advisor should be the student's primary contact, there are daily walk-ins from 12-3 where a general academic advisor can answer a quick question. In addition, the CAS Career Coaches are located here. They help students explore majors and minors, gain experience, and develop a plan for life after graduation. Not sure where to go or who to ask? The Advising Center team can help.

Assigned Academic Advisors

Academic advisors are critical resources dedicated to students' academic, personal, and professional success. Every CAS student is assigned an academic advisor based on their primary major. Since most CAS students have more than just a single major, it is important to get to know the advisor for any minors or additional majors. Academic advisors work closely with the faculty to provide the best overall support and discipline-specific expertise.

Assigned advisors are listed in MyRED and their offices may be located in or near the department of the major for which they advise or in the Academic and Career Advising Center. Students who have declared a pre-health or pre-law area of interest will also work with advisors in the Exploratory and Pre-Professional Advising Center (Explore Center) in 127 Love South, who are specially trained to guide students preparing to enter a professional school.

For complete and current information on advisors for majors, minors, or pre-professional areas, contact the Arts and Sciences Academic and Career Advising Center, 107 Oldfather Hall, 402-472-4190, http://cas.unl.edu/advising.

Career Coaching

The College believes that Academics + Experience = Opportunities and encourages students to complement their academic preparation with real-world experience, including internships, research, education abroad, service, and leadership. Arts and sciences students have access to a powerful network of faculty, staff, and advisors dedicated to providing information and support for their goals of meaningful employment or advanced education. Arts and sciences graduates have unlimited career possibilities and carry with them important career competencies—communication, critical thinking, creativity, context, and collaboration. They have the skills and adaptability that employers universally value. Graduates are not only prepared to effectively contribute professionally in the real world, but they have a solid foundation to excel in an increasingly global, technological, and interdisciplinary world.

Students should contact the career coaches in the Arts and Sciences Academic and Career Advising Center in 107 Oldfather, or their assigned advisor, for more information. The CAS career coaches help students explore career options, identify ways to build experience, and prepare to apply for internships, jobs, or graduate school, including help with resumes, applications, and interviewing.

ACE Requirements

 Students must complete one course for each of the ACE Student Learning Outcomes below. Certified course choices are published in the degree audit, or visit the ACE website for the most current list of certified courses.

ACE Student Learning Outcomes
ACE 1: Write texts, in various forms, with an identified purpose, that respond to specific audience needs, integrate research or existing knowledge, and use applicable documentation and appropriate conventions of format and structure.
ACE 2: Demonstrate competence in communication skills.
ACE 3: Use mathematical, computational, statistical, logical, or other formal reasoning to solve problems, draw inferences, justify conclusions, and determine reasonableness.
ACE 4: Use scientific methods and knowledge to pose questions, frame hypotheses, interpret data, and evaluate whether conclusions about the natural and physical world are reasonable.
ACE 5: Use knowledge, historical perspectives, analysis, interpretation, critical evaluation, and the standards of evidence appropriate to the humanities to address problems and issues.
ACE 6: Use knowledge, theories, and research perspectives such as statistical methods or observational accounts appropriate to the social sciences to understand and evaluate social systems or human behaviors.
ACE 7: Use knowledge, theories, or methods appropriate to the arts to understand their context and significance.
ACE 8: Use knowledge, theories, and analysis to explain ethical principles and their importance in society.
ACE 9: Exhibit global awareness or knowledge of human diversity through analysis of an issue.
ACE 10: Generate a creative or scholarly product that requires broad knowledge, appropriate technical proficiency, information collection, synthesis, interpretation, presentation, and reflection.

College Degree Requirements

College Distribution Requirements – BA and BS

The College of Arts and Sciences distribution requirements are common to both the bachelor of arts and bachelor of science degrees and are designed to ensure a range of courses. By engaging in study in several different areas within the College, students develop the ability to learn in a variety of ways and apply their knowledge from a variety of perspectives. All requirements are in addition to University ACE requirements, and no course can be used to fulfill both an ACE outcome and a College Distribution Requirement.

  • A student may not use a single course to satisfy more than one College Distribution Requirement, with the exception of CDR Diversity. Courses used to meet CDR Diversity may also meet CDR Writing, CDR Humanities, or CDR Social Science.
  • Independent study or reading courses and internships cannot be used to satisfy distribution requirements.
  • Courses from interdisciplinary programs will be applied in the same area as courses from the home/cross-listed department.
College Distribution Requirements
CDR: Written Communication3
Select from courses approved for ACE outcome 1.
CDR: Natural, Physical, and Mathematical Sciences with Lab4
Select from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, computer science, geology, meteorology, mathematics, and physics. Must include one lab in the natural or physical sciences. Lab courses may be selected from biochemistry, biological sciences, chemistry, geology, meteorology, and physics.
Some courses from geography and anthropology may also be used to satisfy the lab requirement above. 1
CDR: Humanities3
Select from classics, English, history, modern languages and literatures, philosophy, and religious studies. 2
CDR: Social Science3
Select from anthropology, communication studies, geography, political science, psychology, or sociology. 3
CDR: Human Diversity in U.S. Communities0-3
Select from a set of approved courses as listed in the degree audit.
CDR: Language0-16
Fulfilled by the completion of the 6-credit-hour second-year sequence in a single foreign language in one of the following departments: Classics and religious studies or modern languages and literatures. Instruction is currently available in Arabic, Chinese, Czech, French, German, Greek, Japanese, Latin, Russian, and Spanish.
A student who has completed the fourth-year level of one foreign language in high school is exempt from the languages requirement, but encouraged to continue on in their language study.
Credit Hours Subtotal: 13-32

Language Requirement

The University of Nebraska–Lincoln and the College of Arts and Sciences place great value on academic exposure and proficiency in a second language. The University of Nebraska–Lincoln entrance requirement of two years of the same foreign language or the College’s language distribution requirement (CDR: Language) will rarely be waived and only with relevant documentation. See the main College of Arts and Sciences page for more details.

Scientific Base - BS Only

The bachelor of science degree requires students to complete 60 hours in mathematical, physical, and natural sciences. Approved courses for scientific base credit come from the following College of Arts and Sciences disciplines: actuarial science, anthropology (selected courses), astronomy, biochemistry (excluding BIOC 101), biological sciences (excluding BIOS 100 or BIOS 203), chemistry (excluding CHEM 101), computer science (excluding CSCE 10), geography (selected courses), geology, life sciences, mathematics (excluding courses below MATH 104), meteorology, microbiology (excluding MBIO 101), and physics.

See your Degree Audit or your assigned academic advisor for a complete list, including individual classes that fall outside of the disciplines listed above. Up to 12 hours of scientific and technical courses offered by other colleges may be accepted toward this requirement with the approval of the College of Arts and Sciences. See your assigned academic advisor to start the approval process.

Minimum Hours Required for Graduation

A minimum of 120 semester hours of credit is required for graduation from the College of Arts and Sciences. A cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0 is required.

Grade Rules

Restrictions on C- and D Grades

The College will accept no more than 15 semester hours of C- and D grades from other domestic institutions except for UNO and UNK. All courses taken at UNO and UNK impact the UNL transcript. No transfer of C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor. No University of Nebraska–Lincoln C- and D grades can be applied toward requirements in a major or a minor. International coursework (including education abroad) with a final grade equivalent to a C- or lower will not be validated by the College of Arts and Sciences departments to be degree applicable.

Pass/No Pass Privilege

The College of Arts and Sciences adheres to the University regulations for the Pass/No Pass (P/N) privilege with the following additional regulations:

  • Pass/No Pass hours can count toward fulfillment of University ACE requirements and college distribution requirements up to the 24-hour maximum.
  • Most arts and sciences departments and programs do not allow courses graded Pass/No Pass to apply to the major or minor. Students should refer to the department’s or program’s section of the catalog for clarification. By college rule, departments can allow up to 6 hours of Pass/No Pass in the major or minor.
  • Departments may specify that certain courses of theirs can be taken only on a P/N basis.
  • The college will permit no more than a total of 24 semester hours of P/N grades to be applied toward degree requirements. This total includes all Pass grades earned at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln and other U.S. schools. NOTE: This 24-hour limit is more restrictive than the University regulation.

Grading Appeals

A student who feels that he/she has been unfairly graded must ordinarily take the following sequential steps in a timely manner, usually by initiating the appeal in the semester following the awarding of the grade:

  1. Talk with the instructor concerned. Most problems are resolved at this point.
  2. Talk to the instructor’s department chairperson.
  3. Take the case to the Grading Appeal Committee of the department concerned. The Committee should be contacted through the department chairperson.
  4. Take the case to the College Grading Appeals Committee by contacting the Dean’s Office, 1223 Oldfather Hall.

Course Level Requirements

Courses Numbered at the 300 or 400 Level

Thirty (30) of the 120 semester hours of credit must be in courses numbered at the 300 or 400 level. Of those 30 hours, 15 hours (1/2) must be completed in residence at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln.

Residency Requirement

Students must complete at least 30 of the 120 total hours for their degree at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Students must complete at least 1/2 of their major coursework, including 6 hours at the 300 or 400 level in their major and 15 of the 30 hours required at the 300 or 400 level, in residence. Credit earned during education abroad may be used toward the residency requirement only if students register through the University of Nebraska–Lincoln.

Catalog to Use

Students must fulfill the requirements stated in the catalog for the academic year in which they are first admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. In consultation with advisors, a student may choose to follow a subsequent catalog for any academic year in which they are admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln in the College of Arts and Sciences. Students must complete all degree requirements from a single catalog year. Beginning in 1990-1991, the catalog which a student follows for degree requirements may not be more than 10 years old at the time of graduation.

Learning Outcomes

Graduates of with a biological sciences major will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate mastery of the concepts, principles, and knowledge for following sub-disciplines: cell biology, organismal biology, genetics, ecology, and evolution.
  2. Use scientific methods and knowledge of the natural and physical world to address biological problems through inquiry, experimentation, interpretation, analysis, and the making of inferences from data to determine whether conclusions or solutions are reasonable.
  3. Acquire a more in-depth knowledge in a sub-discipline area by generating a scholarly product that requires broad knowledge, appropriate technical proficiency, information collection, synthesis, interpretation, presentation, and reflection, and is representative of a typical scholarly product for the sub-discipline.

Major Requirements

Complete the Biological Sciences Core Requirements, Ancillary Requirements, and one of two options: Standard or Human Health and Disease.

Core Requirements

Required Courses
BIOS 100Pathways to Success in the Biological Sciences Major1
LIFE 120
LIFE 120L
Fundamentals of Biology I
and Fundamentals of Biology I laboratory
4
LIFE 121
LIFE 121L
Fundamentals of Biology II
and Fundamentals of Biology II Laboratory
4
BIOS 205Genetics, Molecular and Cellular Biology Laboratory2
BIOS 206General Genetics4
BIOS 207Ecology and Evolution4
BIOS 99Assessment of the Major0
Credit Hours Subtotal: 19
Total Credit Hours19

Ancillary Requirements

Mathematics and Quantitative Reasoning
MATH 106Calculus I5
Select one of the following:3-4
Computer Science I: Informatics Focus
Statistics
Statistical Methods
Calculus II
Research Methods and Data Analysis
Introduction to Statistics
Statistics and Applications
Credit Hours Subtotal: 8-9
Chemistry
Select one sequence from:7-8
General Chemistry I
and General Chemistry I Laboratory
and General Chemistry II
and General Chemistry II Laboratory
Or
Fundamental Chemistry I
and Fundamental Chemistry I Laboratory
and Fundamental Chemistry II
Select one sequence from:4-5
Organic Chemistry I
and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory
Organic Chemistry
and Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Credit Hours Subtotal: 11-13
Biochemistry
Select one course from:3
Elements of Biochemistry
Biochemistry I: Structure and Metabolism
Credit Hours Subtotal: 3
Physics
Select one sequence from:8-10
Elementary General Physics I
and Elementary General Physics II
General Physics I
and General Physics II
Credit Hours Subtotal: 8-10
Total Credit Hours30-35

Standard Option

Biological Sciences Electives
Select 18 hours of BIOS courses, including at least 10 hours at the 300 level or above and at least two courses at the 400 level. 1 218
Credit Hours Subtotal: 18
Total Credit Hours18

Human Health and Disease Option

Foundation Courses
Select three courses or sequences from:11-13
Human Physiology
and Human Physiology Laboratory
Human Anatomy
Molecular Biology
Applications of Bioinformatics
Microbiology
and Microbiology Laboratory
Credit Hours Subtotal: 11-13
Human Health and Disease Electives 1
Select two courses or sequences from: 6-8
Toxins in the Environment
Biology of Viruses
Plants in Human Medicine: Biological, Social, and Ethical Dimensions
Parasitology
Functional Histology
Practical Bioinformatics Laboratory
Microbial Physiology
Pathogenic Microbiology
Endocrinology
Immunology
Food Microbiology
and Food Microbiology Laboratory
Human Growth and Development
Behavioral Neuroscience
Bioinformatics and Molecular Evolution
Credit Hours Subtotal: 6-8
Human Health and Disease ACE 10 Course
Select one of the following:3-4
Cancer Biology
Human Genetics
Advanced Genetics
Molecular Genetics
Microbial Diversity
Comparative Physiology
and Comparative Physiology Laboratory
Systems Biology
Phylogenetic Biology
Evolutionary Medicine
Field Epidemiology
Evolution
Field Parasitology
Credit Hours Subtotal: 3-4
Total Credit Hours20-25

Additional Major Requirements

Grade Rules

C- and D Grades

A grade of C or above is required for all courses in the major, including ancillary requirements.

Pass/No Pass

Except for BIOS 100 and BIOS 310, no course taken Pass/No Pass can be counted toward the major.

Requirements for Minor Offered by Department

Eighteen (18) hours, comprised of the five-course core.
 

BIOS 205Genetics, Molecular and Cellular Biology Laboratory2
BIOS 206General Genetics4
BIOS 207Ecology and Evolution4
LIFE 120
LIFE 120L
Fundamentals of Biology I
and Fundamentals of Biology I laboratory
4
LIFE 121
LIFE 121L
Fundamentals of Biology II
and Fundamentals of Biology II Laboratory
4
Total Credit Hours18

Grade Rules

C- and D Grades

A grade of C or above is required for all courses in the minor.

Pass/No Pass

No course taken Pass/No Pass can be counted toward the minor.

BIOS100
Pathways to Success in the Biological Sciences Major

Prerequisites: Biological Sciences Major and freshman or sophomore standing

Description: An orientation to the Biological Sciences Major. Introduction to advising and university services, study skills, professionalism, community building, and career development.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Pass No Pass
Offered:FALL/SPR

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS101
General Biology

Prerequisites: Parallel registration in BIOS 101L.

Credit toward the degree cannot be earned in both BIOS 101 and BIOS 110. BIOS 101 does not count in the Biological Sciences major.

Description: Analysis of the structure, functions, and interactions of organisms from the molecular to the ecosystem levels.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

BIOS101L
General Biology Laboratory

Prerequisites: Parallel registration in BIOS 101.

Credit toward the degree cannot be earned in both BIOS 101L and BIOS 110L. BIOS 101L does not count in the Biological Sciences major.

Description: Laboratory exercises and experiments that complement material covered in BIOS 101.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS110
Human Biology

Prerequisites: Parallel registration in BIOS 110L

Credit toward the degree cannot be earned in both BIOS 101 and BIOS 110. BIOS 110 does not count in the Biological Sciences major.

Description: Introduction to biology with a focus on organization of molecules and cells to the level of human body systems; basic structure (anatomy) and function (physiology) of human tissues, organs and organ systems; reproduction, genetics; DNA technology and genetic engineering.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 111; BIOS 213; BIOS 213L

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL/SPR
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

BIOS110L
Human Biology Laboratory

Prerequisites: Parallel registration in BIOS 110.

Credit toward the degree cannot be earned in both BIOS 101L and BIOS 110L. BIOS 110L does not count in the Biological Sciences major.

Description: Hands-on lab exercises to understand biological concepts of human organization from molecules to cells to the body systems, basic structure and function of human tissues, organs, organ systems, reproduction, genetics, as well as DNA technology and genetic engineering.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 111; BIOS 213; BIOS 213L

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL/SPR

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS111
Introduction to Microbiology and Human Health

Prerequisites: BIOS 101 and BIOS 101L or BIOS 110 and BIOS 110L or LIFE 120 and LIFE 120L

Description: Comparative study of microorganisms important for human health and disease (bacteria, fungi, viruses, prions), principles and applications of microbiology.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS115
Insect BiologyCrosslisted with ENTO 115

Description: Fundamental insect biology (anatomy, development, physiology, behavior, ecology and diversity). Economic and medical importance of insects and principles of insect pest management.

This course is a prerequisite for: ENTO 200; ENTO 400; PLPT 210

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

BIOS116
Insect IdentificationCrosslisted with ENTO 116

Description: Identification of representative orders and families of insects by their anatomy, metamorphosis, habits and habitats. Sight recognition emphasized but dichotomous keys also used. Interrelation of insect and habitats stressed.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS117
Life in the UniverseCrosslisted with ASTR 117, GEOL 117

Description: Survey of what modern science tells us about the possibilities of life elsewhere in the universe. Topics include how the Earth formed and became suitable for life, how life arose on the Earth, the conditions under which life can thrive, places in the solar system that might support life, the existence of other solar systems that might provide suitable habitats, and attempts to find evidence of life on other planets.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

BIOS136
Discovery Research: Virus Hunting

Prerequisites: By permission

Description: Perform original research by using the scientific method to isolate a virus that infects a harmless bacterium (bacteriophage) from local soil samples. Lab skills acquired include pipetting, aseptic technique, and serial dilutions; use basic DNA and electron microscopy analyses to characterize the phage.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 137

Course details
Credit Hours:2
Max credits per semester:2
Max credits per degree:2
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL

Credit Hours:2

ACE:

BIOS137
Discovery Research: Virus Genome Analyses

Prerequisites: BIOS 136 and by permission.

Description: Build on an original project involving isolation of a virus that infects a harmless bacterium (bacteriophage) using bioinformatic tools to analyze and annotate the sequenced bacteriophage genome.

Course details
Credit Hours:2
Max credits per semester:2
Max credits per degree:2
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:SPRING

Credit Hours:2

ACE:

BIOS180
Biological Sciences Learning Community Freshman Seminar

Prerequisites: Permission.

Open to Biological Sciences Learning Community students only.

Description: An exploration of biological sciences for undergraduates in the Biological Sciences Learning Community. Topics vary.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS189H
University Honors Seminar

Prerequisites: Good standing in the University Honors Program.

Description: Topic varies.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

BIOS203
Bioethics

Prerequisites: Sophomore standing; BIOS 101 and 101L.

Description: Relevance of biological science to society and its environment examined through readings, guest lecturers, and discussion.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS205
Genetics, Molecular and Cellular Biology Laboratory

Prerequisites: BIOS 206 or parallel

Description: Series of lab exercises to introduce principles of genetic, molecular and cellular biology. Experiments done using model systems to identify, map and clone genes; analyze gene products and expression; and fractionate cell components.

This course is a prerequisite for: FORS 401

Course details
Credit Hours:2
Max credits per semester:2
Max credits per degree:2
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:2

ACE:

BIOS206
General Genetics

Prerequisites: LIFE 120 & LIFE 120L and LIFE 121 & LIFE 121L

Description: Inheritance and regulation of genes in organisms and populations. Fundamentals of genomics and bioinformatics.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS207
Ecology and Evolution

Prerequisites: LIFE 120 & LIFE 120L and LIFE 121 & LIFE 121L

Description: Introduction to the principles and processes of ecology and evolution. Structure and dynamics of populations and communities; biotic and abiotic interactions; mechanisms of evolutionary change; natural selection; adaptation; and speciation.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 99; BIOS 472; NRES 311

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS213
Human Physiology

Prerequisites: BIOS 101 and 101L or BIOS 110 and 110L or LIFE 120 and 120L; Parallel registration in BIOS 213L.

Description: Elementary survey of the basic functional systems of the human body: the muscular, nervous, receptor, circulatory, respiratory, digestive, excretory, endocrine, and reproductive systems.

This course is a prerequisite for: ASCI 341; NUTR 355; NUTR 450; NUTR 455; VBMS 303; VBMS 403; VBMS 410

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS213L
Human Physiology Laboratory

Prerequisites: BIOS 101 and 101L or BIOS 110 and 110L or LIFE 120 and 120L; Parallel registration in BIOS 213.

Description: Laboratory exercises and experiments that complement material covered in BIOS 213.

This course is a prerequisite for: VBMS 303; VBMS 403

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS214
Human Anatomy

Prerequisites: Sophomore standing.

Cadaver prosections are studied in the lab. Letter Grade Only.

Description: Introduction to the major organ systems of the human body including skeletal, major muscle, nervous, digestive, circulatory, excretory, and reproductive systems. Anatomical structures as they pertain to clinical anatomy.

This course is a prerequisite for: NUTR 384

Course details
Credit Hours:5
Max credits per semester:5
Max credits per degree:5
Grading Option:Graded

Credit Hours:5

ACE:

BIOS291
Special Topics in Biological Sciences

Description: Topics vary.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-6
Max credits per semester:6
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-6

ACE:

BIOS296
Independent Study in Biology

Prerequisites: Permission

A maximum of 3 credit hours may be counted toward the major in BIOS. Before registering, arrangements must be made with a faculty member in BIOS to reach an agreement on the scope and determine the amount of credit for the project.

Description: Independent work directed by faculty.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

BIOS300
Toxins in the EnvironmentCrosslisted with ENTO 300, NRES 300

Prerequisites: One semester BIOS and one semester CHEM

Description: Introduction to the principles of toxicology as they apply to environmental contaminants, agri-chemicals, and industrial and naturally occurring chemicals.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS302
Cell Biology

Prerequisites: BIOS 206; CHEM 251 or CHEM 255 or CHEM 261.

BIOS 205 and CHEM 252 recommended.

Description: The design, execution, and evaluation of scientific experiments that advance the knowledge of cell and molecular biology.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS303
Molecular Biology

Prerequisites: BIOS 206

Description: Molecular biology of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Review of the experimental basis for the principles of the discipline.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS310
School of Biological Sciences Seminar

Prerequisites: LIFE 120 and LIFE 121

Pass/No Pass only.

Description: Reviews of current literature of general interest; reports of research activities by staff and guest speakers.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Pass No Pass

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS312
Microbiology

BIOS 206 recommended. Parallel registration in BIOS 313 or 314 recommended.

Description: Microbial cell structure, genetics, metabolic and biosynthetic activity, diversity, ecology and evolution including host-microbe interactions.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 421, BIOS 821, MBIO 421; BIOS 440, BIOS 840, VBMS 840, MBIO 440; VBMS 403

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS313
Molecular Microbiology Laboratory

Credit towards the degree may not be earned in both BIOS 313 and 314.

Description: Microbiology techniques which include recombinant DNA methods used in industry, medicine and research.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 440, BIOS 840, VBMS 840, MBIO 440

Course details
Credit Hours:2
Max credits per semester:2
Max credits per degree:2
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:2

ACE:

BIOS314
Microbiology Laboratory

Credit towards the degree may not be earned in both BIOS 313 and 314.

Description: Traditional microbiology techniques without recombinant DNA methods.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 440, BIOS 840, VBMS 840, MBIO 440

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS316
Case Studies in Theoretical EcologyCrosslisted with MATH 316, NRES 316

Prerequisites: MATH 106 or higher OR LIFE 121. Parallel registration in BIOS 316L.

Description: Introduction to biological literature, applied mathematics, computer programming, and/or statistical techniques relevant to field questions in ecology, evolution, and behavior. Typical mathematical topics include discrete dynamics, systems of differential equations, matrix algebra, or statistical inference and probability.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:SUMMER
Groups:Advanced Mathematics Courses
ACE Outcomes: ACE 4 Science

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 4 Science

BIOS316L
Case Studies in Theoretical Ecology Lab

Prerequisites: MATH 106 or higher OR LIFE 121. Parallel registration in BIOS 316.

Description: Introduction to biological literature, applied mathematics, computer programming, and/or statistical techniques relevant to field questions in ecology, evolution, and behavior. Typical mathematical topics include discrete dynamics, systems of differential equations, matrix algebra, or statistical inference and probability.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:SUMMER

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS317
The Biology of Plants

Prerequisites: LIFE 120 and LIFE 121

Field trips are required and may occur outside of scheduled class time.

Description: Introduction to the basic principles and concepts of the biology of plants. Adaptive variation and biodiversity of plants considering the relationships of plant structure to function integrating across succeeding levels of organization: molecule, cell, tissue, organism, organism, population, community, and ecosystem.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS326
Biology of Viruses

Prerequisites: BIOS 206; CHEM 251 or CHEM 255 or CHEM 261.

Description: Fundamental concepts in virology including basic features of structure, evolution, diseases, replication cycles and virus-host interactions.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS337
Applications of Bioinformatics

Prerequisites: LIFE 120; LIFE 120L

Description: Provides a broad overview of bioinformatics. Shows how bioinformatics can help solving problems in biological research. Covered topics: biological databases, molecular biology tools, sequence comparison methods, phylogenetic inference, and molecular graphics.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS368
Plants in Human Medicine: Biological, Social, and Ethical Dimensions

Prerequisites: LIFE 121

Description: Introduction to the use of plants in traditional and alternative medicine, nutrition, and wellness. Examination of the biological, historical, and cultural origins of plant medicinal compounds used to enhance wellness or treat human diseases, such as cancer and heart disease. Consideration of the social and ethical consequences of the development of plant-derived drugs, use of herbal remedies in wellness and nutrition and of other emerging issues associated with plants in human medicine.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS369
Introductory Plant PathologyCrosslisted with PLPT 369

Prerequisites: AGRO 131/HORT 131, or LIFE 120 and 120L, or BIOS 109.

Description: Relation of plant disease to crop production, the environment, and society. Organisms that cause disease and their interactions with plants. Strategies for plant disease management.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS381
Invertebrate Zoology

Prerequisites: LIFE 121 & LIFE 121L

Description: Comparative study of the morphology and natural history of invertebrate animals; emphasis on phylogenetic relationships.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS385
Parasitology

Prerequisites: LIFE 121 & LIFE 121L

Description: Emphasis on parasitic diseases of humans. Impact of parasitism on societies considered in addition to the clinical consequences for infected individuals. Means of transmission, diagnosis, and treatment considered in respect to recent technological advances in production of monoclonal antibodies and genetic engineering. Nature and biological significance of parasitism are viewed in terms of prospects for control.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS386
Vertebrate ZoologyCrosslisted with NRES 386

Prerequisites: LIFE 121 & LIFE 121L

Description: Evolutionary origin and relationships, natural history, and ecological adaptations of vertebrates. Comparative form and function, particularly of bone and muscle systems among and the diversity within vertebrate groups.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS395
Internship

Prerequisites: Permission

Description: Combination of work outside the University and academic work in biological sciences arranged through the Career Services Office.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Pass No Pass

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

BIOS397
Undergraduate Education Assistant Practicum

Prerequisites: Permission

Open to students who are interested in life sciences education and want to train to become a Teaching Assistant or Learning Assistant in the School of Biological Sciences. Students must have earned a grade of C or better in the BIOS or LIFE course they will assist in.

Description: A structured training experience in the professional skills used by teaching and learning assistants in life science laboratories, recitations and lectures.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded
Groups:Biology,Psychology,& Politics

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS397A
Anatomy and/or Physiology Practicum

Prerequisites: Permission

Open only to students who expect to become teaching assistants in anatomy or physiology

Description: A combination of academic work and instruction in the anatomy or physiology laboratories in biological sciences: cadaver dissection or work with physiological equipment; assist in the instruction of anatomical and physiological concepts.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS402
Cancer BiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 802

Prerequisites: BIOS 206 and Senior standing

Description: Principles of cancer genetics, cancer prevention, and new methods for diagnosis and therapy. Fundamentals of the cell and molecular events that lead to human cancer.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS406
Insect EcologyCrosslisted with BIOS 806, ENTO 406, ENTO 806

Prerequisites: BIOS/NRES 220 and 222.

Description: Biotic and abiotic factors as they influence insect development, behavior, distribution, and abundance.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS407
Biology of Cells and OrganellesCrosslisted with BIOS 807

Prerequisites: BIOS 206

Description: Regulation and timing of macromolecular synthesis during the cell cycle; the genetic autonomy of mitochondria and chloroplasts.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS408
Functional HistologyCrosslisted with BIOS 808, VBMS 408, VBMS 808

Prerequisites: BIOS 101 and 101L or LIFE 120 and 120L or BIOS 112; BIOS 213 or ASCI 240 or ASCI 340.

Description: Microscopic anatomy of the tissues and organs of major vertebrate species, including humans. Normal cellular arrangements of tissues and organs as related to their macroscopic anatomy and function, with reference to sub-cellular characteristics and biochemical processes. Functional relationships among cells, tissues, organs and organ systems, contributory to organismal well being. General introduction to pathological processes and principles underlying some diseases.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS412
Human GeneticsCrosslisted with BIOS 812

Prerequisites: BIOS 206 and Senior standing

Description: Genetic basis of human variation, with emphasis on methods of applying genetic principles to humankind. Genetic ratios in pooled data; population and quantitative genetics; consanguinity; polygenic inheritance; blood types; sex linkage; linkage and crossing over; sex determination; visible chromosome variation; mutation; heredity and environment; eugenics; anthropological genetics; molecular genetics and molecular basis of disease; human genome project.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS415
Developmental BiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 815

Prerequisites: BIOS 206

Description: Survey of topics in developmental biology, both animal and plant development.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS416
Biodiversity ConservationCrosslisted with BIOS 816

Prerequisites: BIOS 207 or NRES 220

Description: Basic conservation science theory and conservation decision making tools which are essential for making effective decisions for biodiversity conservation. Topics include systematic conservation planning, population viability analysis, risk assessment, and applying those tools to real conservation problems.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS418
Advanced GeneticsCrosslisted with BIOS 818

Prerequisites: BIOS 206 and Senior standing

Description: In-depth study of the principles and methodology of genetics, with emphasis on Drosophila: multiple alleles and complex loci, linkage and recombination, chromosome rearrangements, fine structure analysis, sex determination, recombinant DNA, and gene function in development.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS420
Molecular GeneticsCrosslisted with BIOS 820, VBMS 820, MBIO 420

Prerequisites: BIOS 206 and Senior standing

Description: Molecular basis of genetics. Gene structure and regulation, transposable elements, chromosome structure, DNA replication, and repair mechanisms and recombination.

This course is a prerequisite for: AGRO 963, HORT 963, PLPT 963; BIOS 945; BIOS 964, VBMS 964; FDST 908B

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS421
Microbial DiversityCrosslisted with BIOS 821, MBIO 421

Prerequisites: BIOS 206 and BIOS 312 and Senior Standing.

Description: Diversity of microbial cell composition, structure, and function enabling movement, metabolism, symbiosis, and adaptation using bacterial, fungal, algal, and viral examples. A physiological, biochemical and molecular approach used throughout.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS422
Comparative PhysiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 822

Prerequisites: BIOS 213

Description: Comprehensive survey of comparative physiology with emphasis on the diversity of adaptations in basic physiological systems and the effects of environmental parameters upon such systems. Comparative physiology of osmoregulation, temperature regulation, metabolism, muscle, central nervous function, and sensory function.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS422L
Comparative Physiology Laboratory

Prerequisites: Parallel registration in BIOS 422/822

Letter grade only.

Description: Physiological adaptations in ecological and evolutionary context.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS423
Quaternary Paleoclimatology and PaleoecologyCrosslisted with BIOS 823, GEOL 423, GEOL 823

Prerequisites: 12 hrs GEOL or BIOS.

Description: Analysis and interpretation of the Quaternary period's paleoecological data. Patterns of long-term climate variation. Distribution patterns and responses of organisms and ecosystems to Quaternary environmental change.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS424
Biogeochemical CyclesCrosslisted with BIOS 824, GEOL 424, GEOL 824

Prerequisites: CHEM 109 or CHEM 109A and 109L or CHEM 113 or CHEM 113A and 113L; 12 hrs GEOL or BIOS.

Description: Chemical cycling at or near the earth's surface, emphasizing interactions among the atmosphere, biosphere, geosphere and hydrosphere. Modern processes, the geological record, and human impacts on elemental cycles.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS425
Plant BiotechnologyCrosslisted with BIOS 825

Prerequisites: BIOS 206

Description: Introduction to the use of plants for basic and applied purposes by deliberate manipulation of their genomes; techniques in plant genetic engineering; manipulations of plant development and metabolism; engineering pest, disease, and stress resistance; plants as bioreactors; and environmental and social impacts of plant biotechnology.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS426
Systems BiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 826

BIOS 206 and CSCE 155T are recommended, but not required.

Description: Fundamentals of the analysis of high throughput experiments to understand complex biological systems. Principles and methods such as next generation sequencing, protein-protein interaction networks, regulatory networks, and biological data mining and integration. Emerging research in new biotechnology and data analysis in biomedical and life sciences.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS427
Practical Bioinformatics LaboratoryCrosslisted with BIOS 827

Prerequisites: BIOS 206

No computer programming skill is required.

Description: Basic knowledge and skills needed for general bioinformatics, genomics and proteomics analyses. Various computational analyses including database search, sequence alignment, phylogenetic reconstruction, gene prediction/mining, microarray data analyses and protein structure analyses.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS428
Perl Programming for Biological ApplicationsCrosslisted with BIOS 828

Prerequisites: LIFE 120 and LIFE 121

Description: Computer programming, using Perl, as applied to biological sciences, bioinformatics, computational biology, and genomics.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS429
Phylogenetic BiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 829

Prerequisites: BIOS 207 and Senior standing

Description: Principles of phylogenetic inference and emphasis on the application of phylogenetic hypotheses in biology and the biomedical sciences. How inferences derived from phylogenetic trees can be applied in different areas of biological investigation including systematics, biogeography, conservation biology, molecular evolution, genome structure, epidemiology, population biology, ecology, character evolution, behavior, and macroevolution.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS430
Communicating Science through OutreachCrosslisted with BIOS 830

Prerequisites: BIOS 207

Students must have at least one afternoon available for running a middle school science club (typically between 3-5pm). Background checks required.

Description: Introduction to science communication, formal versus informal science education, and best practices in informal science education. Review of state and national science standards and how students learn. Introduction to informal science practitioners and facilities in Nebraska. Role playing and development and implementation of hands on, inquiry-based science activities. Training in evaluation and assessment.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL/SPR

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS431
Biochemistry I: Structure and MetabolismCrosslisted with BIOC 431, BIOC 831, BIOS 831, CHEM 431, CHEM 831

Prerequisites: LIFE 120 with a grade of C or better; CHEM 252 or CHEM 262 with a grade of C or better.

BIOS 206 or AGRO 215 is recommended.

Description: Structure and function of proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates and lipids; nature of enzymes; major metabolic pathways of catabolism; and biochemical energy production.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL/SPR

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS432
Biochemistry II: Metabolism and Biological InformationCrosslisted with BIOC 432, BIOC 832, CHEM 432, CHEM 832, BIOS 832

Prerequisites: BIOC 431/831 with a grade of C or better; BIOS 206 or AGRO 215 with a grade of C or better.

Continuation of BIOC 431/831.

Description: Major metabolic pathways of anabolism, structural and biochemical aspects of biological information flow and use in biotechnology.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL/SPR

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS433
Biochemistry LaboratoryCrosslisted with BIOC 433, BIOC 833, BIOS 833, CHEM 433, CHEM 833

Prerequisites: BIOC 431/831 or parallel; or CHEM 435/835.

Description: Introduction to techniques used in biochemical and biotechnology research, including measurement of pH, spectroscopy, analysis of enzymes, chromatography, fractionation of macromolecules, electrophoresis, and centrifugation.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOC 437, BIOC 837, BIOS 437, BIOS 837; BIOC 898

Course details
Credit Hours:2
Max credits per semester:2
Max credits per degree:2
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL/SPR

Credit Hours:2

ACE:

BIOS434
Plant BiochemistryCrosslisted with AGRO 434, BIOC 434, CHEM 434, AGRO 834, BIOC 834, BIOS 834, CHEM 834

Prerequisites: BIOC/BIOS/CHEM 431/831.

Description: Biochemical metabolism unique to plants. Relationships of topics previously acquired in general biochemistry to biochemical processes unique to plants. Biochemical mechanisms behind physiological processes discussed in plant or crop physiology.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS435
Evolutionary MedicineCrosslisted with BIOS 835

Prerequisites: BIOS 207 and senior standing

Description: Application of evolutionary tools to biomedical questions. Managing the evolution of drug resistance and pathogen virulence. Evolutionary principles of vaccine design. Emerging infectious disease. Human evolutionary history. Life-history trade-offs in human evolution. Parent-offspring and parent-parent conflict. Mismatch hypothesis. Hygiene hypothesis.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:SPRING
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS436
MacroecologyCrosslisted with BIOS 836

Prerequisites: BIOS 207

Description: Species-area relationships, latitudinal gradients in species richness, abundance diversity relationships, ecological scaling relationships with body size, community assembly, evolutionary dynamics, climate change, and human impacts on the ecology of the Anthropocene.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS437
Research Techniques in BiochemistryCrosslisted with BIOC 437, BIOC 837, BIOS 837

Prerequisites: BIOC/BIOS/CHEM 433/833.

Description: Methods approach to systems biology analysis. Molecular identification and quantification employing techniques such as mass spectrometry, chromatography, electrophoretic fractionation, transcriptomics, protemics and metabolomics. Data and pathway analysis with computational methods.

This course is a prerequisite for: VBMS 919

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS439
Dynamics of Biochemical and Biological NetworksCrosslisted with BIOC 439, BIOC 839, BIOS 839

Prerequisites: BIOS 206 or AGRO 215; BIOC 401 or BIOC 431

Letter grade only.

Description: To introduce and integrate, students in biochemistry and other life sciences, to the field of computational modeling of biochemical and biological network systems into a seamless curriculum.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded
Offered:SPRING

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS440
Microbial PhysiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 840, VBMS 840, MBIO 440

Prerequisites: BIOS 312; BIOS 313 or BIOS 314.

Description: Molecular approaches to the study of prokaryotic cell structure and physiology, including growth, cell division, metabolism, and alternative microbial life styles.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS441
Pathogenic MicrobiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 841, VBMS 441, VBMS 441H, VBMS 841

Prerequisites: BIOS 312

Description: Fundamental principles involved in host-microorganism interrelationships. Identification of pathogens, isolation, propagation, mode of transmission, pathogenicity, symptoms, treatment, prevention of disease, epidemiology, and methods of control.

This course is a prerequisite for: VBMS 805; VBMS 949

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS442
EndocrinologyCrosslisted with ASCI 442, ASCI 842, BIOS 842, VBMS 842

Prerequisites: A course in vertebrate physiology and/or biochemistry.

Description: Mammalian endocrine glands from the standpoint of their structure, their physiological function in relation to the organism, the chemical nature and mechanisms of action of their secretory products, and the nature of anomalies manifested with their dysfunction.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS443
ImmunologyCrosslisted with BIOS 843, VBMS 843, MBIO 443

Prerequisites: BIOS 206; CHEM 251 or CHEM 255 or CHEM 261.

Description: Fundamental consideration of cellular and humoral mechanisms of immunity, the structure and function of immunoglobulins, antigen-antibody interactions; hypersensitivity; transplantation and tumor immunity; immune and autoimmune disorders.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 966, VBMS 966; VBMS 852; VBMS 908; VBMS 910; VBMS 948; VBMS 949

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS444
Earth and Environmental MicrobiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 844, GEOL 444, GEOL 844

Prerequisites: 3 hours of BIOS or 3 hours of LIFE; 3 hours of CHEM

Description: An introduction into the role that microorganisms play and have played in natural and man-made environments. Topics covered include microbial diversity and physiology in soil, sediment, and water; microbes in Earth history; biogeochemical cycling; mineral formation and dissolution; biodegradation and bioremediation; biotechnology.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS445
Food MicrobiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 845, FDST 405, FDST 805

Prerequisites: BIOS 312

BIOC 401 or BIOC 431 recommended

Description: Nature, physiology, and interactions of microorganisms in foods. Introduction to food-borne diseases, the effect of food processing systems on the microflora of foods, principles of food preservation, food spoilage, and foods produced by microorganisms. Food plant sanitation and criteria for establishing microbial standards for food products.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:FALL/SPR

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS446
Food Microbiology LaboratoryCrosslisted with BIOS 846, FDST 406, FDST 806

Prerequisites: Parallel in FDST 405/805/BIOS 446/846.

Description: The microorganisms in foods and the methods used to study them.

Course details
Credit Hours:2
Max credits per semester:2
Max credits per degree:2
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:2

ACE:

BIOS448
Human Growth and DevelopmentCrosslisted with ANTH 448, ANTH 848, BIOS 848

Prerequisites: ANTH 242 and 242L, or BIOS 101 and 101L.

Description: Biological diversity from an evolutionary perspective. The history of the study of human physical growth and biological principles of growth. Genetic, epigenetic and hormonal effects on human and other mammal growth patterns, and environmental factors that influence growth. Effects of nutrition, disease, socio-economic status, pollution, etc. Unique features of human growth in its various stages. How anthropologists interpret variation in growth patterns among human populations and the possible adaptive significance of this variation.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Groups:Biological Anthropology

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS450
Biology of Wildlife PopulationsCrosslisted with BIOS 850, NRES 450, NRES 850

Prerequisites: NRES 311; MATH 104 or above; STAT 218 or equivalent

Description: Principles of population dynamics. Management strategies (for consumptive and nonconsumptive fish and wildlife species) presented utilizing principles developed.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:SPRING

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS451
Invertebrate PaleobiologyCrosslisted with GEOL 451, BIOS 851, GEOL 851

Prerequisites: At least one of: GEOL 103, GEOL 105, LIFE 121

Description: Overview of the key traits, relationships and evolutionary dynamics of invertebrate animals over Earth's history, particularly over the Phanerozoic (i.e., the last 540 million years). Emphasis on the use of invertebrate fossil record to test ideas about long term evolutionary patterns as well as learning the histories and basic anatomies of major invertebrate taxa.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:SPRING

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS452
Field EpidemiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 852

Prerequisites: LIFE 121; LIFE 121L; three hours of BIOS

Offered summers only at Cedar Point Biological Station.

Description: Principles of epidemiology and the role in modern medicine. Combination of theory and practice with living populations.

This course is a prerequisite for: VBMS 949

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS453
Predator EcologyCrosslisted with BIOS 853

Prerequisites: BIOS 207 or NRES 220

Description: Conservation and management of native and invasive predators. Functional and numerical responses. Evolution of predator-prey interactions. Optimal foraging. Modeling predator-prey population dynamics. Trophic cascades. Prey defenses against predation.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS454
Ecological InteractionsCrosslisted with BIOS 854, NRES 454, NRES 854

Prerequisites: LIFE 121; LIFE 121L; BIOS 207 or NRES 220; Senior Standing

Description: Nature and characteristics of populations and communities. Interactions within and between populations in community structure and dynamics. Direct and indirect interactions and ecological processes, competition, predation, parasitism, herbivory, and pollination. Structure, functioning and persistence of natural communities, foodweb dynamics, succession, and biodiversity.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS456
Mathematical Models in BiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 856, NRES 456, NRES 856

Description: Biological systems, from molecules to ecosystems, are analyzed using mathematical techniques. Strengths and weaknesses of mathematical approaches to biological questions. Brief review of college level math; introduction to modeling; oscillating systems in biology; randomness in biology; review of historically important and currently popular models in biology.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS457
Ecosystem EcologyCrosslisted with BIOS 857, GEOL 457, GEOL 857

Prerequisites: BIOS 207 and CHEM 110 or CHEM 110A and 110L and Senior standing

Description: Processes controlling the cycling of energy and elements in ecosystems and how both plant and animal species influence them. Human-influenced global and local changes that alter these cycles and ecosystem functioning.

This course is a prerequisite for: BSEN 954, NRES 954

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS458
WetlandsCrosslisted with NRES 468, NRES 868, WATS 468, BSEN 468, BSEN 868

Prerequisites: CHEM 109 or CHEM 109A and 109L and CHEM 110 or CHEM 110A and 110L, or CHEM 105 or CHEM 105A and 105L and CHEM 106 or CHEM 106A and 106L; Junior or Senior Standing.

Offered even-numbered calendar years.

Description: Physical, chemical and biological processes that occur in wetlands; the hydrology and soils of wetland systems; organisms occurring in wetlands and their ecology wetland creation, delineation, management and ecotoxicology.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS459
LimnologyCrosslisted with BIOS 859, NRES 459, NRES 859, WATS 459

Prerequisites: 12 hrs BIOS, including BIOS/NRES 220/BIOS220x; two semesters CHEM.

Description: Physical, chemical, and biological processes that occur in fresh water. Organisms occurring in fresh water and their ecology; biological productivity of water and its causative factors; eutroplication and its effects.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 866, NRES 866

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS460
Soil Microbial EcologyCrosslisted with AGRO 460, NRES 460, SOIL 460, AGRO 860, BIOS 860, NRES 860

Prerequisites: Senior standing.

Recommend having a strong science background, including courses from the agronomic, environmental, microbiology, engineering or medicine disciplines.

Description: Soil from a microbe's perspective-growth, activity and survival strategies; principles governing methods to study microorganisms and biochemical processes in soil; mechanisms controlling organic matter cycling and stabilization with reference to C, N, S, and P; microbial interactions with plants and animals; and agronomic and environmental applications of soil microorganisms.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:SPRING

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS462
Animal BehaviorCrosslisted with BIOS 862

Prerequisites: BIOS 206, 207 and Senior Standing

Description: Introduction to animal behavior stressing the ethological approach. Anatomical and physiological bases of behavior, ontogenetic and phylogenetic observations, and the relations of animal behavior studies to genetics, ecology, taxonomy, and evolution.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS464
Fisheries BiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 864, NRES 464, NRES 864

Prerequisites: BIOS/NRES 489/889 or equivalent.

Description: Biology of fishes. Factors that affect fishes in the natural environment. Techniques used in the analysis and management of fish populations.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS465
Behavioral NeuroscienceCrosslisted with BIOS 865, PSYC 465, PSYC 865

Prerequisites: PSYC 273

Description: Relationship of physiological variables to behavior, an introduction to laboratory techniques in neuropsychology.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS468
Field Animal BehaviorCrosslisted with BIOS 868

Prerequisites: LIFE 120 and LIFE 121

BIOS 207 or BIOS 220 recommended. Offered summers only at Cedar Point Biological Station.

Description: Behavior of animals. Stresses methods for testing evolutionary hypotheses under field conditions with emphasis on foraging behavior, animal communication, and animal social systems.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS470
Prairie EcologyCrosslisted with BIOS 870

Prerequisites: BIOS 207 or NRES 220

Extensive field work is required.

Description: Structure, function, and distribution of communities. Interaction of different species with their biotic and abiotic environments.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS471
Plant SystematicsCrosslisted with BIOS 871

Prerequisites: LIFE 121 and LIFE 121L

Description: Overview of the diversity of plants and algae, with emphasis on phylogenetic relationships, the evolution of important physical and genomic characteristics, principles of plant classification and identification, and modern methods of plant molecular systematics. Lab work on taxonomic analysis and plant identification.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS472
Evolution

Prerequisites: BIOS 207 and Senior standing

Description: The principles and processes of micro- and macroevolution. Mechanisms behind evolutionary change and examples of these processes in a wide variety of organisms.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS474
HerpetologyCrosslisted with BIOS 874, NRES 474, NRES 874

Prerequisites: BIOS/NRES 386 and permission.

BIOS 388 recommended.

Description: Fossil and living amphibians and reptiles. Anatomy, classification, ecology and evolution.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS475
Avian BiologyCrosslisted with BIOS 875

Prerequisites: LIFE 121 & LIFE 121L

May also be offered at Cedar Point Biological Station.

Description: Biology of birds emphasizing the behavior and ecology of this group. Topics include avian diversity, systematics & evolutionary history, flight, foraging, migration, communication, reproductive biology, population ecology and conservation biology.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS475L
Avian Biology LaboratoryCrosslisted with BIOS 875L

Prerequisites: Parallel registration in BIOS 475/875

Description: Avian field identification in diverse prairie, riparian, and montane habitats. Individual studies of foraging behavior, territoriality, anti-predator behavior, mating systems, or nesting ecology.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS476
MammalogyCrosslisted with BIOS 876, NRES 476, NRES 876

Prerequisites: 8 hrs BIOS; BIOS/NRES 386 or NRES 311.

May also be offered at Cedar Point Biological Station. Field trips are required and may occur outside of scheduled class time. Lab and field time emphasize diversity of mammalian families and species identification of Nebraska mammals.

Description: Evolution, natural history, ecology, and functional morphology of planetary mammals and mammals of the Northern Great Plains.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS477
Bioinformatics and Molecular EvolutionCrosslisted with BIOS 877

Prerequisites: BIOS 206 or parallel; CHEM 251 or CHEM 255 or CHEM 261.

Statistics course recommended.

Description: Pairwise and multiple alignments, sequence similarity and domain search, distance estimation, phylogenetic methods, gene mining, protein classification and structure. Algorithms used in bioinformatics as well as fundamental concepts of molecular evolution that underlie various bioinformatics methods.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS478
Plant AnatomyCrosslisted with BIOS 878, AGRO 478, AGRO 878, HORT 478, HORT 878

Prerequisites: 8 hrs biological sciences

BIOS 109 recommended.

Description: Development, structure, and function of tissues and organs of the higher plants. Relationships of structure to physiology and ecology of plants.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 879

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS480
Ecology and Evolution of ArachnidsCrosslisted with BIOS 880

Prerequisites: BIOS 207 or NRES 220

Description: Ecology and evolutionary biology of living arachnids.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS481
Stream and River EcologyCrosslisted with WATS 481, WATS 881, NRES 481

Prerequisites: NRES 222 or equivalent

Description: Fundamental physical drivers operating in stream and river ecosystems and how those vary in space and time. Major classes of organisms associated with stream ecosystems and their functional roles. Fundamental controls on biotic diversity in stream and river ecosystems and its variance. Major aspects of stream ecosystem function including energy flow and nutrient cycling. Ecosystem services provided by stream and river ecosystems and causes and consequences of human impacts on streams and rivers. Underlying principles of bioassessment and current methods of stream restoration.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS482
Field EntomologyCrosslisted with BIOS 882, ENTO 482, ENTO 882

Prerequisites: 12 hrs biological sciences.

Offered only at Cedar Point Biological Station.

Description: Field course in insect taxonomy and biology emphasizing field collection, specimen preparation, classification, and insect natural history.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Offered:SUMMER

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS485
Aquatic InsectsCrosslisted with BIOS 885, ENTO 402, ENTO 802, NRES 402, NRES 802

Prerequisites: 12 hrs biological sciences.

Description: Biology and ecology of aquatic insects.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 485L, BIOS 885L, ENTO 402L, ENTO 802L, NRES 402L, NRES 802L

Course details
Credit Hours:2
Max credits per semester:2
Max credits per degree:2
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:2

ACE:

BIOS485L
Identification of Aquatic InsectsCrosslisted with BIOS 885L, ENTO 402L, ENTO 802L, NRES 402L, NRES 802L

Prerequisites: Parallel ENTO 802, NRES 402/802, BIOS 485/885.

Description: Identification of aquatic insects to the family level.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

BIOS486
Advanced Topics in Biophysical ChemistryCrosslisted with BIOC 486, BIOC 886, BIOS 886, CHEM 486, CHEM 886

Prerequisites: CHEM 471/871 or CHEM 481/881.

Description: Applications of thermodynamics to biochemical phenomena, optical properties of proteins and polynucleotides, and kinetics of rapid reactions.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

BIOS487
Field ParasitologyCrosslisted with BIOS 887

BIOS 207 or NRES 220 recommended.

Description: Animal host-parasite relationships, epizootiology, ecology, host distribution, classification, and life cycle stages of animal parasites.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

BIOS489
IchthyologyCrosslisted with BIOS 889, NRES 489, NRES 889

Prerequisites: LIFE 120 and LIFE 121

May also be offered at Cedar Point Biological Station.

Description: Fishes, their taxonomy, physiology, behavior, and ecology. Dynamics of fish stocks and factors regulating their production.

This course is a prerequisite for: BIOS 464, BIOS 864, NRES 464, NRES 864

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

BIOS491
Special Topics in Biological SciencesCrosslisted with BIOS 891

Prerequisites: BIOS 206 or BIOS 207

Description: Topics vary.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:9
Grading Option:Graded with Option
Groups:Composition

Credit Hours:1-4

ACE:

BIOS498
Independent Research in Biological SciencesCrosslisted with BIOS 898

Prerequisites: Permission.

Four credit hours may be counted toward the undergraduate BIOS major. Before registering, arrangements must be made with a School of Biological Sciences faculty member to reach an agreement on the scope and to determine the amount of credit for the project.

Description: Independent study and laboratory or field investigation of a specific problem.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-6
Max credits per semester:6
Max credits per degree:12
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-6

ACE:

BIOS499
Undergraduate Thesis

Prerequisites: Permission.

Description: Independent research leading to a thesis.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

BIOS499H
Honors Undergraduate Thesis

Prerequisites: Permission

Description: Independent research leading to an honors thesis.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:6
Grading Option:Graded with Option

Credit Hours:1-3

ACE:

PLEASE NOTE
This document represents a sample 4-year plan for degree completion with this major. Actual course selection and sequence may vary and should be discussed individually with your college or department academic advisor. Advisors also can help you plan other experiences to enrich your undergraduate education such as internships, education abroad, undergraduate research, learning communities, and service learning and community-based learning.


Biological Sciences - Standard (B.S.)

Icon Legend: CriticalCritical
16 HR TERM 1
BIOS 100 Core Course
complete BIOS 100
1hr
C

Calculus
complete MATH 106
5hr
C
MATH 106 will fulfill the ACE 3 requirement.

General Chemistry
4hr
C
CHEM 109A and CHEM 109L will fulfill the ACE 4 requirement.

ACE 1 Written Texts
complete 1 from ACE1
3hr

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
14 HR TERM 2
General Chemistry
4hr
C
CHEM 110A and CHEM 110L will fulfill the CDR Additional Breadth requirement.

LIFE 120/120L Core CourseCritical
4hr
C
LIFE 120 and 120L become critical to your success in the major if not completed by the second term of enrollment. These courses will fulfill the CDR B and CDR BL requirements.

CDR: Writing
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an additional course approved as ACE 1.

CDR: Language
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
If not complete, choose a language course according to your placement and proficiency. CDR Language is met after 4th level (202) of most languages.
16 HR TERM 3
LIFE 121/121L Core Course
4hr
C

Organic Chemistry And Lab
complete 1 from CHEM 251, CHEM 253, CHEM 261, CHEM 263
5hr
C
Complete one set - lecture and lab.

ACE 2 Communication Skill
complete 1 from ACE2
3hr

ACE 5 Humanities
complete 1 from ACE5
3hr

Electives
complete Any Course*
1hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
15 HR TERM 4
BIOS 205 Core Course
complete BIOS 205
2hr
C

BIOS 206 Core CourseCritical
complete BIOS 206
4hr
C
BIOS 206 is ideally completed by the fourth term of enrollment. It becomes critical to your success in the major if not completed by the sixth term of enrollment.

Additional Math/Stats

CDR: Diversity in the US
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course related to Diversity in U.S. Communities. See degree audit for choices. This requirement is permitted to overlap with CDR Humanities or CDR Social Science.

ACE 6 Social Sciences
complete 1 from ACE6
3hr
15 HR TERM 5
Biological Science Course
complete 1 from Any Biological Science Course at the 100 Level*, Any Biological Science Course at the 200 Level*, Any Biological Science Course at the 300 Level*, Any Biological Science Course at the 400 Level*
4hr
C
Complete an approved BIOS course at any level.

Biochemistry Course
complete either BIOC 401 or BIOC 431
3hr
C

General Physics
complete either PHYS 141 or PHYS 211
5hr
C

ACE 8 Ethical Principles
complete 1 from ACE8
3hr
15 HR TERM 6
BIOS 207 Core Course
complete BIOS 207
4hr
C

General Physics
complete either PHYS 142 or PHYS 212
5hr
C

CDR: Social Science
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course from a Social Science discipline: ANTH, COMM, GEOG, NSST, POLS, PSYC, SOCI.

Electives
complete Any Course*
3hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
16 HR TERM 7
Biological Science Course
complete either Any Biological Science Course at the 300 Level* or Any Biological Science Course at the 400 Level*
4hr
C

Biol Science Upper Level
complete Any Biological Science Course at the 400 Level*
3hr
C

CDR: Humanities
recommend 1 or more courses
3hr
Complete an approved course from a Humanities discipline: ARAB, CLAS, CZEC, ENGL, FILM, FREN, GERM, GREK, HEBR, HIST, JAPN, LATN, PHIL, RELG, RUSS, SPAN.

Electives
complete Any Course*
6hr
In consultation with your advisor, select elective courses or courses that meet a 2nd major, minor, sci-base or upper level requirement.
13 HR TERM 8
Biol Science 400 Level
complete Any Biological Science Course at the 400 Level*
3hr
C
Complete an approved BIOS 400 level course that will meet the ACE 10 requirement.

Biological Science Course
complete 1 from Any Biological Science Course at the 100 Level*, Any Biological Science Course at the 200 Level*, Any Biological Science Course at the 300 Level*, Any Biological Science Course at the 400 Level*
4hr
C
Complete an approved BIOS course at any level.

Assessment Course
complete BIOS 99
0hr
C

ACE 7 Arts
complete 1 from ACE7
3hr

ACE 9 Global/Human Divers
complete 1 from ACE9
3hr
Graduation Requirements
  1. A minimum 2.00 GPA required for graduation.
  2. ***Total Credits Applying Toward 120 Total Hours***
  3. Complete 30 hours in residence at UNL.
    4. Complete 30 hours at the 300 or 400 level.
    5. Complete 60 hours of Scientific-Base courses in the Natural and Mathematical Sciences.

Career Information

The following represents a sample of the internships, jobs and graduate school programs that current students and recent graduates have reported.

Transferable Skills

  • Communicate results of scientific experiments to scientific and non-scientific audiences
  • Read, understand, and critically review scientific information
  • Design and implement research experiments
  • Define problems and identifying causes
  • Understand and use proper laboratory and technical skills and instruments
  • Apply mathematical and scientific skills to solve real-world problems
  • Collaborate with a team to develop solutions
  • Confidently navigate complex, ambiguous projects and environments
  • Document and replicate processes and procedures
  • Examine problems from multiple perspectives

Jobs of Recent Graduates

  • Clinical Assistant, Bryan Health - Lincoln NE
  • Mental Health Technician, TouchStone - Lincoln NE
  • Physical Therapy Technician, Lincoln Physical Therapy Associates - Lincoln NE
  • DNA Lab Tech, GeneSeek - Lincoln NE
  • Veterinary Assistant, Animal Care Clinic - Lincoln NE
  • Zookeeper, Omaha Henry Doorly Zoo - Omaha NE
  • Forestry Aid, United States Forest Service - Ogden UT
  • Hospital Generalist, Pathology Medical Services - Lincoln NE
  • Hematology Technician I, Streck - La Vista NE
  • Clinical Data Quality Specialist, Celerion Inc. - Lincoln NE

Internships

  • Beckman Research Scholar, College of Arts & Sciences - Lincoln NE
  • Sales/Marketing Intern, Li-Cor Biosciences - Lincoln NE
  • Anatomy Intern, School of Biological Sciences - Lincoln NE
  • Dental Intern, UNMC Dental College - Lincoln NE
  • Intern, Southwestern - Nationwide
  • Intern, NE Dept of Health & Human Services - Lincoln NE
  • Intern, Pregnancy Center - Lincoln NE
  • Advisor, Vector Marketing - Denver CO
  • Campaign Intern, Clark for Legislature - Lincoln NE
  • Biological Intern, Biology Department - Lincoln NE

Graduate & Professional Schools

  • Medical Doctor, University of Nebraska Medical School - Omaha NE
  • Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, Iowa State University - Ames IA
  • Doctor of Pharmacy, University of Nebraska Medical Center - Omaha NE
  • Doctor of Physical Therapy, Briar Cliff University - Iowa NE
  • Master's Degree, Clinical Laboratory Science, St. Luke's - Kansas City MO
  • Master's Degree, Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center - Omaha NE
  • Doctor of Optometry, Southern College of Optometry - Memphis TN
  • Master's Degree, Food Science, University of Nebraska-Lincoln - Lincoln NE
  • Master's Degree, Business Administration, Bellevue University - Bellevue NE
  • Master's Degree, Physician Assistant, University of Nebraska Medical Center - Omaha NE