METR808
Microclimate: The Biological EnvironmentCrosslisted with AGRO 408, GEOG 408, HORT 408, METR 408, NRES 408, WATS 408, AGRO 808, GEOG 808, HORT 808, NRES 808

Prerequisites: Junior standing, MATH 106 or equivalent, 5 hrs physics, major in any of the physical or biological sciences or engineering; or permission.

Description: Physical factors that create the biological environment. Radiation and energy balances of earth's surfaces, terrestrial and marine. Temperature, humidity, and wind regimes near the surface. Control of the physical environment through irrigation, windbreaks, frost protection, manipulation of light, and radiation. Applications to air pollution research. Instruments for measuring environmental conditions and remote sensing of the environment.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC
Groups:Physical Geography

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR811
Dynamic Meteorology I

Prerequisites: CSCE 150E; MATH 208/208H; METR 205; PHYS 211/211H

Description: Equations of thermodynamics, momentum, and continuity are derived and applied to atmospheric motion. Energy conservation, flows, and conversions.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR812
Dynamic Meteorology II

Prerequisites: CSCE 150E; MATH 221/821; METR 311; PHYS 211/211H

Description: Applications of the principles of dynamic meteorology to the problems of forecasting and meteorological problems.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR815
General Circulation of the AtmosphereCrosslisted with METR 415

Prerequisites: Junior standing; MATH 106 or 108H; METR 205 and 475/875; PHYS 211 or 211H; PHYS 221.

Description: Development of the atmospheric circulation regimes, from planetary scale (e.g., the planetary waves) to synoptic scale (e.g., the cyclones and anticyclones) and mesoscale, their seasonal variations, and their roles in horizontal vertical energy and water transport and budgets in the Earth system.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR821
Cloud PhysicsCrosslisted with METR 421

Prerequisites: METR 223 and METR 323 or equivalent.

Description: Buoyancy and parcel mixing, cloud physics instrumentation, the role of aerosols in precipitation processes, growth of liquid cloud droplets/raindrops/ice crystals, processes associated with falling precipitation particles, drop size distributions and their moments, applications to convection, and parameterizations of cloud microphysical processes for numerical modeling applications.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR823
Physical Meteorology

Prerequisites: CSCE 150E; METR 205; PHYS 212/212H

Description: Physical principles that provide the foundation for meteorology. Absorption, scattering, and transmission of radiation in the atmosphere, cloud physics, precipitation process, atmospheric optics, atmospheric electricity, and lightning.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

METR828
Air PollutionCrosslisted with METR 428

Prerequisites: 6 hrs. METR and CHEM 109.

Description: Basic processes (e.g., emission, transport, first-order chemical reaction, and deposition) associated with air pollution and their combination with meteorology for air quality forecasting. Environmental topics: acid rain; smog; air pollution; ozone hole; greenhouse gases; aerosols; long-range transport; civic regulations and international treaties on air pollution; and climate change.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR833
Boundary-layer MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 433

Prerequisites: METR 205, METR 223; MATH 208/MATH 208H or MATH 109H; PHYS 211/PHYS 211H.

Description: Basic concepts of atmospheric turbulence and fundamental dynamics, thermodynamics, and structure of the atmospheric boundary layer are discussed. Atmospheric boundary layer parameterizations used in modern weather and climate models are presented.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR841
Synoptic Meteorology

Prerequisites: METR 205

Description: Dynamic and thermodynamic concepts and principles applied to synoptic-scale weather forecasting. Dynamics, energetics, structure, evolution, and motion of extra-tropical cyclones. Meteorological communications, interpretation and analysis of weather maps, and thermodynamic diagrams.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

METR842
Advanced Synoptic Meteorology-ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 442

Prerequisites: METR 341.

Description: Analysis and forecasting of subsynoptic-scale weather systems. Convection, thunderstorm models, severe local storm forecasting techniques, mesoscale convective complexes, vertical cross-sections, isentropic analysis, and weather radar.

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 944

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

METR843
Severe Storms Meteorology-ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 443

Prerequisites: METR 311, METR 341 or parallel

Description: Dynamics of various types of severe weather (blizzards, flash floods, lightning, thunderstorms and winter and summer tornado outbreaks). Interpretation of the numerical and statistical models utilized to forecast these phenomena. Synoptic case studies of severe weather occurrences. Recent research on severe weather.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR844
Mesoscale MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 444

Prerequisites: METR 311

Description: Dynamics and conceptual models of mesoscale meteorological phenomena and processes.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR850
Climate and SocietyCrosslisted with AGRO 450, GEOG 450, METR 450, NRES 452, AGRO 850, GEOG 850, NRES 852

Prerequisites: METR 100 or NRES 370 or equivalent.

Description: Impact of climate and extreme climatic events on society and societal responses to those events. Global in scope and interdisciplinary.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC
Groups:Physical Geography

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR854
Statistical Analysis of Atmospheric DataCrosslisted with METR 454

Prerequisites: 6 hrs METR and MATH 107/107H.

Description: Application of univariate statistics, hypothesis testing, statistical forecasting, forecast verification, time-series analysis, principal component analysis, and cluster/multivariate analysis to atmospheric data for different applications in the atmospheric sciences (from short-term weather forecast to long-term climate prediction).

This course is a prerequisite for: METR 965

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR863
Radar MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 463

Prerequisites: METR 323.

Description: The fundamental principles of weather radars and the basic application of these principles.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR864
Satellite MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 464

Prerequisites: METR 223.

Description: Concepts and principles related to meteorological observations from satellites. Applications for weather analysis and forecasting.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR865
Satellite Remote Sensing of AtmosphereCrosslisted with METR 465

Prerequisites: METR 323

Description: Principles of atmospheric radiation and techniques for satellite image processing. Application of data calibration, image registration and enhancement, noise filtering and multi-spectral classification of satellite images. Survey of various satellite sensors used for monitoring different atmospheric processes and constituents.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR869
Bio-Atmospheric InstrumentationCrosslisted with AGRO 469, GEOG 469, HORT 407, METR 469, MSYM 469, NRES 469, AGRO 869, GEOG 869, HORT 807, MSYM 869, NRES 869

Prerequisites: Junior standing; MATH 106; 4 hrs physics; physical or biological science major.

Description: Discussion and practical application of principles and practices of measuring meteorological and related variables near the earth's surface including temperature, humidity, precipitation, pressure, radiation and wind. Performance characteristics of sensors and modern data collection methods are discussed and evaluated.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC
Groups:Physical Geography

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR870
The Climate System: Analysis and PredictionCrosslisted with METR 470

Description: Maintenance of the climate system and climate change over time. Global budgets of energy, water, and momentum and their balance. Development of simple, physically-based models of climate and of climate change.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR871
Tropical MeteorologyCrosslisted with METR 471

Prerequisites: METR 223 and METR 311.

Description: Atmospheric phenomena unique to the tropics, and their connection to the global circulation.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR875
Physical ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 475

Prerequisites: METR 205.

Description: Global energy and water balance regimes of the earth and its atmosphere. Utilization of physical laws to reveal causes and effects of interrelationships in the climatic system.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR878
Regional ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 478, NRES 478, NRES 878

Prerequisites: NRES/METR 370.

Description: Regional differentiation of the climates of the earth on both a descriptive and dynamic basis. The chief systems of climatic classification.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR879
HydroclimatologyCrosslisted with NRES 479, METR 479, WATS 479, BSEN 479, NRES 879, BSEN 879

Prerequisites: NRES 208 or METR 100 or METR/NRES 370.

Offered spring semester of even-numbered calendar years.

Description: Interaction between earth's climate and the hydrologic cycle. Energy and water fluxes at the land-atmosphere interface. Atmospheric moisture transport, precipitation, evaporation, snowmelt, and runoff. Impacts of climate variability and change on the hydrologic cycle.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR880
Theory of Climate

Prerequisites: MATH 221/821 or MATH 221H; PHYS 142 or equivalent

Description: Foundation and maintenance of earth's climate system and its variation over time. Climate modeling.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR883
Global Climate ChangeCrosslisted with METR 483, NRES 467, NRES 867

Prerequisites: Junior standing; MATH 106/106B/106H; 5 hrs PHYS; METR 475/875.

Description: Elements of climate systems, El Nino/LaNina cycle and monsoons, natural variability of climate on interannual and interdecadal scales. Paleoclimate, and future climate, developed climate change scenarios and climate change impacts on natural resources and the environment.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR887
Earth's Climate: Past, Present, FutureCrosslisted with METR 487

Prerequisites: 6 hrs METR or 6 hrs GEOL.

Description: How the Earth's climate has varied and the forcing mechanisms related to those changes. Themes that reappear through Earth's climate history and into the future; causes of climate change; the natural response times of the multiple components; and the role of greenhouse gases within the climate system at differing time scales.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR895
Internship in Meteorology-ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 495

Prerequisites: Permission.

Description: Application of meteorology-climatology learning with on-the-job training.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-6
Max credits per semester:6
Max credits per degree:6
Course Format:FLD

Credit Hours:1-6

ACE:

METR898
Special Topics in Meteorology-ClimatologyCrosslisted with METR 498

Prerequisites: Permission.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-24
Max credits per semester:24
Max credits per degree:24
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:1-24

ACE:

METR903
Seminar in Meteorology and Climatology
Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR907
Agricultural ClimatologyCrosslisted with AGRO 907, HORT 907, NRES 907

Prerequisites: NRES 808; STAT 801 or equivalent

Description: Offered spring semester of odd-numbered calendar years. Analysis and use of climatological data as applied to agricultural activities and the use of climatological information to assist in decision making.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR924
Atmospheric Radiative Transfer

Prerequisites: METR 423/823; MATH 221/221H/821; and permission

Description: Theory of scattering by atmospheric particles (e.g., clouds, aerosols, and molecules), atmospheric radiative transfer equations, and techniques for solving these equations. Atmospheric transfer of both solar and terrestrial radiation. Numerical experiments with radiative transfer models and comparison with observations.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR933
Land-atmosphere Interactions

Prerequisites: METR 433/833, or equivalent

Description: Investigate the physical processes involved in land-atmosphere interactions, focusing on the coupling between land surfaces (especially the soil and vegetation cover) and the atmospheric boundary layer.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR943
Dynamics of Severe Convective Storms

Prerequisites: METR 411/811 and 412/812, or equivalent

Description: Advanced concepts related to severe convective storms. Tornado-genesis, super-cell formation, rotation, movement, morphology, quasi-linear convective systems, deep convective initiation, hail, mesoscale convective systems, and RKW (Rotunno-Klemp-Weisman) theory.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR944
Advanced Synoptic Theory and Application

Prerequisites: METR 842 or equivalent

Description: Advanced theoretical background in synoptic meteorology, and opportunities to apply these concepts to real-world problems. Topics include the quasi-geostrophic equations, static stability effects, midlatitude cyclones, upper-level waves, frontogenesis, semi-geostrophic theory, potential vorticity, and IPV thinking.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR965
Radar Signal Processing and Applications

Prerequisites: MATH 322/822 or equivalent, METR 454/854 or equivalent, METR 323 or equivalent

Description: Hands-on signal processing experience designed to build understanding of radar signal processing methods and radar data limitations. Topics include propagation of radiation, pulse modulation, application of the radar equations, signal statistics and Fourier methods, advanced methods to gather atmospheric data using radar and radar polarimetry.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

METR987
Seminar in Climatic Change

Description: Climates of the past emphasizing the Quaternary period. Palegeographic changes in response to climatic fluctuations. Techniques for recording and reconstructing past climatic variations. Modeling the changing climate. Climatic changes and human affairs.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE: