Description

Website: http://snr.unl.edu/undergrad/majors/water
Facebook: UNL Water Science Major

The degree program in water science is designed to educate students in basic and applied sciences related to water resources. The goal is to educate individuals to gather and synthesize information from several disciplines, to formulate rational and broadly informed solutions to complex water related problems, and to effectively implement various water-based programs.

The curriculum is designed to meet the needs of students who intend to pursue careers in public and private organizations that conduct scientific water research or manage water resources, in private consulting companies that offer water research or management services, in agencies that form or implement water related policy, and in a broad range of nonprofit institutions that are interested in water resources. The program also provides students the opportunity to prepare for graduate study in water/hydrological sciences and water resources.

A minimum of 120 credit hours is required for the bachelor of science degree. Of these requirements, 43-48 credits are in an integrated water science curriculum designed to provide both breadth and depth in water resources. The water science degree program also requires 21 credit hours of science and mathematics. In addition, the student must select an option area consisting of approximately 18-26 credit hours. The option allows students to develop an individualized area of study. To complete the degree the student must take 24 credit hours of communication, humanities and social science courses.
 

Option areas include:

  • Aquatic Ecology
  • Hydrology
  • Watershed Management
  • Water Law and Policy
  • Water Quality

Application for UNL freshman scholarships automatically makes you eligible for SNR scholarships. Many scholarships are available, including the Viessman Scholarship, specifically for students in water science. For more information, visit http://snr.unl.edu.
 

College Requirements

College Admission

Requirements for admission into the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources (CASNR) are consistent with general University admission requirements (one unit equals one high school year): 4 units of English, 4 units of mathematics, 3 units of natural sciences, 3 units of social studies, and 2 units of foreign language. Students must also meet performance requirements (ACT composite of 20 or higher OR combined SAT score of 950 or higher OR rank in the top one-half of graduating class; transfer students must have a 2.0 (on a 4.0 scale) cumulative grade point average and 2.0 on the most recent term of attendance. For students entering the PGA Golf Management degree program, a certified golf handicap of 12 or better (e.g., USGA handicap card) or written ability (MS Word file) equivalent to a 12 or better handicap by a PGA professional or high school golf coach is required. For more information, please visit: http://pgm.unl.edu/requirements.

Admission Deficiencies/Removal of Deficiencies

Students who are admitted to CASNR with core course deficiencies must remove these deficiencies within the first 30 credit hours at UNL, or within the first calendar year at UNL, whichever takes longer, excluding foreign languages. Students have up to 60 credit hours to remove foreign language deficiencies. College-level course work taken to remove deficiencies may be used to meet degree requirements in CASNR.

Deficiencies in the required entrance subjects can be removed by completion of specified courses in the University or by correspondence.

The Office of Admissions, Alexander Building (south entrance), City Campus, provides information to new students on how deficiencies can be removed.

College Degree Requirements

Curriculum Requirements

The curriculum requirements of the College consist of three areas: ACE (Achievement-Centered Education); College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Core; and Degree Program requirements and electives. All three areas of the College Curriculum Requirements are incorporated within the description of the Major/Degree Program sections of the catalog. The individual major/degree program listings of classes insures that a student will meet the minimum curriculum requirements of the College.

Foreign Languages/Language Requirement

Two units of a foreign language are required. This requirement is usually met with two years of high school language.

Minimum Hours Required for Graduation

The College grants the bachelors degree in programs associated with agricultural sciences, natural resources and related programs. Students working toward a degree must earn at least 120 semester hours of credit. A minimum cumulative grade point average of C (2.0 on a 4.0 scale) must be maintained throughout the course of studies and is required for graduation.

Grade Rules

Removal of C-, D and F Grades

Only the most recent letter grade received in a given course will be used in computing a student’s cumulative grade point average if the student has completed the course more than once and previously received a grade or grades below C in that course.

The previous grade (or grades) will not be used in the computation of the cumulative grade point average, but it will remain a part of the academic record and will appear on any transcript.

A student can remove from his/her cumulative average a course grade of C-, D+, D, D- or F if the student repeats the same course at the University of Nebraska and receives a grade other than P (pass), I (incomplete), N (no pass), W (withdrew), or NR (no report). If a course is no longer being offered, it is not eligible for the revised grade point average computation process.

For complete procedures and regulations, see the Office of the University Registrar website at http://www.unl.edu/regrec/course-repeats.

Pass/No Pass

Students in CASNR may take any course offered on a Pass/No Pass basis within the 24-hour limitation established by the Faculty Senate. However, a department may specify that the Pass/No Pass status of its courses be limited to non-majors or may choose to offer some courses for letter grades only.

GPA Requirements

A minimum cumulative grade point average of C (2.0 on a 4.0 scale) must be maintained throughout the course of studies and is required for graduation.

Transfer Credit Rules

To be considered for admission, a transfer student, Nebraska resident or nonresident, must have an accumulated average of C (2.0 on a 4.0 scale) and a minimum C average in the last semester of attendance at another college. Transfer students who have completed less than 12 credit hours of college study must submit either ACT or SAT scores.

Ordinarily, credits earned at an accredited college are accepted by the University. The College, however, will evaluate all hours submitted on an application for transfer and reserves the right to accept or reject any of them. Sixty is the maximum number of hours UNL will accept on transfer from a two-year college. Ninety is the maximum number of hours UNL will accept from a four-year college. Transfer credit in the degree program must be approved by the degree program advisor on a Request for Substitution Form to meet specific course requirements, group requirements, or course level requirements in the major. At least 9 hours in the major field, including the capstone course, must be completed at UNL regardless of the number of hours transferred.

The College will accept no more than 10 semester hours of C-, D+, D and D- grades from other schools. The C-, D+, D and D- grades can only be applied to free electives. This policy does not apply to the transfer of grades from UNO or UNK to UNL.

Joint Academic Transfer Programs

The College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources has agreements with many institutions to support joint academic programs. The transfer programs include dual degree programs and cooperative degree programs. Dual degree programs offer students the opportunity to receive a degree from a participating institution and also to complete requirements for a bachelor of science degree in CASNR. Cooperative programs result in a single degree from either UNL or the cooperating institution.

Dual Degree Programs

A to B Programs

The A to B Program, a joint academic program offered by the CASNR and participating community colleges, allows students to complete the first two years of a degree program at the participating community college and continue their education and study in a degree program leading toward a bachelor of science degree.

The A to B Program provides a basic knowledge plus specialized course work. Students transfer into CASNR with junior standing.

Depending on the community college, students enrolled in the A to B Program may complete the requirements for an associate of science at the community college, transfer to UNL, and work toward a bachelor of science degree.
 

Participating community colleges include:

  • Central Community College
  • Metropolitan Community College
  • Mid-Plains Community College
  • Nebraska College of Technical Agriculture
  • Northeast Community College
  • Southeast Community College
  • Western Nebraska Community College
3+2 Programs

Two specialized degree programs in animal science and veterinary science are offered jointly with an accredited college or school of veterinary medicine. These two programs permit CASNR animal science or veterinary science students to receive a bachelor of science degree from UNL with a degree in animal science or veterinary science after successfully completing two years of the professional curriculum in veterinary medicine at an accredited veterinary school. Students who successfully complete the 3+2 Program, must complete the “Application for Degree” form and provide transcripts to the Credentials Clerk, Office of the University Registrar, 107 Canfield Administration Building, UNL. Students should discuss these degree programs with their academic advisor.

Cooperative Degree Programs

Academic credit from UNL and a cooperating institution is applied towards a four-year degree from either UNL (UNL degree-granting program) or the cooperating institution (non UNL degree-granting program). All have approved programs of study.

UNL Degree-Granting Programs

A UNL degree-granting program is designed to provide students the opportunity to complete a two-year program of study at one of the four-year institutions listed below, transfer to CASNR and complete the requirements for a bachelor of science degree.
 

Chadron State College. Chadron State College offers a 2+2 program leading to a grassland ecology and management degree program and a transfer program leading to a Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Education in the teaching option.

Wayne State College. Wayne State College offers a 3+1 program leading to a Bachelor of Science in Plant Biology in the ecology and management option.

University of Nebraska at Kearney. Transfer programs are available for students pursuing degree programs leading to a bachelor of science degree.

University of Nebraska at Omaha. The University of Nebraska at Omaha (UNO) cooperates with CASNR in providing four-semester pre-agricultural sciences, pre-natural resources, pre-food science and technology, pre-horticulture and pre-turfgrass and landscape management transfer programs.

A student enrolled in these programs may transfer all satisfactorily completed academic credits identified in the suggested program of study, and enter CASNR to study toward a degree program leading to a bachelor of science degree. The total program would require a minimum of four years or eight semesters (16 credit hours/semester or 120 credit hours).

UNL CASNR faculty teach horticulture and food science and technology courses at UNO to assist an urban population in better understanding the food processing, horticulture, and landscape horticulture industries.

For more information, contact the CASNR Dean’s Office, 800-472-8800, ext. 2541.

Non UNL Degree-Granting Programs

The CASNR cooperates with other institutions to provide course work that is applied towards a degree at the cooperating institution. Pre-professional programs offered by CASNR allow students to complete the first two or three years of a degree program at UNL prior to transferring and completing a degree at the cooperating institution.
 

Chadron State College–Range Science. The 3+1 Program in range science allows Chadron State College students to pursue a range science degree through Chadron State College. Students complete three years of course work at Chadron State College and one year of specialized range science course work (32 credit hours) at CASNR.

Dordt College (Iowa) – Agricultural Education: Teaching Option. This program allows students to pursue an Agricultural Education Teaching Option degree leading toward a bachelor of science in agricultural education. Students at Dordt College will complete 90 credit hours in the Agricultural Education: Teaching Option Transfer Program.

Residency

Students must complete at least 30 of the total hours for their degree using UNL credits. At least 18 of the 30 credit hours must be in courses offered through CASNR1 (>299) including the appropriate ACE 10 degree requirement or an approved ACE 10 substitution offered through another UNL college and excluding independent study regardless of the number of hours transferred. Credit earned during education abroad may be used toward the residency requirement if students register through UNL and participate in prior-approved education abroad programs. UNL open enrollment and summer independent study courses count toward residence.

1

Includes courses taught by CASNR faculty through interdisciplinary prefixes (e.g., LIFE, MBIO, ENVR, SCIL, EAEP, HRTM, ENSC) and CASNR crosslisted courses taught by non-CASNR faculty.

Online and Distance Education

There are many opportunities to earn college credit online through the University of Nebraska–Lincoln. Some of these credits may be applicable not only as elective credits, but also toward the fulfillment of the College’s education requirements. Credits earned online may count toward residency. However, certain offerings may not be counted toward scholarship requirements or academic recognition criteria.

For further information, contact:

Office of Online and Distance Education
University of Nebraska–Lincoln
305 Brace Labs
Lincoln, NE 68588-0109
402-472-4681
http://online.unl.edu/

Independent Study Rules

Students wishing to take part in independent studies must obtain permission; complete and sign a contract form; and furnish copies of the contract to the instructor, advisor, departmental office, and the Dean’s Office. The contract should be completed before registration. Forms are available in 103 Agricultural Hall or online at the CASNR website.

Independent study projects include research, literature review or extension of course work under supervision and evaluation of a departmental faculty member.

Students may only count 12 hours of independent study toward their degrees and no more than 6 hours can be counted during their last 36 hours earned, excluding senior thesis, internships, and courses taught under an independent study number.

Other College Degree Requirements

Capstone Course Requirement

A capstone course is required for each CASNR degree program. A capstone course is defined as a course in which students are required to integrate diverse bodies of knowledge to solve a problem or formulate a policy of societal importance.

ACE Requirements

All students must fulfill the Achievement Centered Education (ACE) requirements. Information about the ACE program may be viewed at www.ace.unl.

The minimum requirements of CASNR reflect the common core of courses that apply to students pursuing degrees in the college. Students should work with an advisor to satisfy ACE outcomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 10 with the college requirements.

Catalog Rule

Students must fulfill the requirements stated in the catalog for the academic year in which they are first admitted to UNL or when they were first admitted to a Joint Academic Transfer Program. In consultation with advisors, a student may choose to follow a subsequent catalog for any academic year in which they are admitted to and enrolled as a degree-seeking student at UNL in the College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources. Students must complete all degree requirements from a single catalog year. The catalog which a student follows for degree requirements may not be more than 10 years old at the time of graduation.

Learning Outcomes

Majors in water science will be able to:

  1. Demonstrate a broad range of knowledge and understanding of basic and applied sciences that relate to water resources.
  2. Gather and synthesize information from several disciplines, formulate ecologically and economically rational alternatives and effective implement various water-based programs.
  3. Communicate through writings and oral presentations complex ideas and develop sound arguments based on technical knowledge.
  4. Pursue careers in agencies that form or implement policy at all levels of government, in public and private organizations that manage water and land resources, and in a broad range of public, private, and nonprofit institutions that are interested in water resources.
  5. Conduct original research that includes developing a hypothesis, designing appropriate experiments, collecting and analyzing data, interpreting results and drawing conclusions.

Major Requirements

Core Requirements

Natural Resources Core
SCIL 101Science and Decision-Making for a Complex World3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 3
Natural Sciences
CASNR Approved Life Sciences (ACE 4)
CHEM 109General Chemistry I (ACE 4)4
Select one of the following:4
General Biology
and General Biology Laboratory
Fundamentals of Biology I
and Fundamentals of Biology I laboratory
Fundamentals of Biology II
and Fundamentals of Biology II Laboratory
Select one of the following:5
Physical Principles in Agriculture and Life Sciences
and Physical Principles in Agriculture and Life Sciences Laboratory
Elementary General Physics I
Elements of Physics
and Elements of Physics Laboratory
General Physics I
and General Physics Laboratory I
Credit Hours Subtotal: 13
Mathematics and Statistics (ACE 3)
MATH 106Calculus I5
STAT 218Introduction to Statistics3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 8
Communication
Written Communication (ACE 1)
Select one of the following:3
Writing and Inquiry
Writing and Argument
Writing and Communities
Basic Business Communication
Technical Communication I
Technical Communication II
Oral Communication (ACE 2)
Select one of the following:3
Interpersonal Skills for Leadership
Communication in the 21st Century
Public Speaking
Communicating in Small Groups
Visual Communication
Interpersonal Communication
Business and Professional Communication
Technical Communication II
Sales Communication
Visual Communication and Presentation
Environmental Communication Skills
Communication and Interpersonal Skills Electives
Select one of the following:3
Technical Communication I
Technical Communication II
Environmental Communication Skills
Credit Hours Subtotal: 9
Economics, Humanities and Social Sciences
Select one of the following (ACE 6):3
Economic Essentials and Issues
Principles of Macroeconomics
Principles of Microeconomics
Introduction to the Economics of Agriculture
Select one course each from ACE outcomes 5, 7, 8, and 912
Credit Hours Subtotal: 15
Total Credit Hours48

Specific Major Requirements

NOTE: Courses taken in the Water Science Core do not count toward the Water Science Options.

Water Science Core Courses
NRES 453Hydrology3
Select one of the following:3-4
Introduction to Geology
Dynamic Earth
Environmental Geology
Earth's Natural Resource Systems Laboratory
Select one of the following:3-4
Weather and Climate
Applied Climate Sciences
Microclimate: The Biological Environment
Select one of the following:3-4
Introduction to Geospatial Information Sciences
Introduction to Geographic Information Systems
NRES 220 / BIOS 220
NRES 222 / BIOS 222
Principles of Ecology
and Ecology Laboratory
4
NRES 484 / AGRO 484 / GEOG 484 / GEOL 484 / WATS 484Water Resources Seminar1
SOIL 153 / AGRO 153 / HORT 153Soil Resources4
WATS 281 / GEOG 281 / NRES 281Introduction to Water Science3
WATS 354 / MSYM 354 / SOIL 354Soil Conservation and Watershed Management3
Select one of the following:3-4
Environmental Studies Senior Thesis I
and Environmental Studies Senior Thesis II
Honors: Environmental Studies Senior Thesis I & II
Senior Project I
and Senior Project II 1
Credit Hours Subtotal: 30-34
Law, Policy and Management
Select two of the following:6
Resource and Environmental Economics I
Natural Resource and Environmental Law
Water Law
Environmental Planning and Policy
Natural Resources Policy
Integrated Resources Management
Resource and Environmental Economics II
Water Quality Strategy
Credit Hours Subtotal: 6
Science and Technology
Select two of the following:6-8
Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling
and Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling Laboratory
Soil Environmental Chemistry
Fisheries Science
and Fisheries Science Lab
Groundwater Geology
Soils, Environment and Water Quality
Chemistry of Natural Waters
Irrigation Systems Management
Select one of the following:
Limnology
Wetlands
Stream and River Ecology
Credit Hours Subtotal: 6-8
Core Requirements
Complete requirements48
Credit Hours Subtotal: 48
Option Requirements and Electives
Complete requirements18-26
Credit Hours Subtotal: 18-26
Free Electives
Select 0-12 credits0-12
Credit Hours Subtotal: 0-12
Total Credit Hours108-134
1

The Senior Project fulfills the capstone requirement for water science students. The project is usually provided by private industry, government agencies, or nonprofit organizations. The senior thesis consists of research designed by the student along with the aid of faculty.

Tracks/Options/Concentrations/Emphases Requirements

Students must consult with an advisor to select an option prior to the beginning of their junior year.
 

NOTE: Courses taken in the Water Science Options do not count toward the Water Science Core.

Aquatic Ecology Option

This option is designed for students interested in lake, river, stream, or wetland ecology. Students are prepared for careers as research scientists or technicians with public agencies, private consulting firms, universities, and nonprofit organizations. Completion of this program provides excellent preparation for graduate study.
 

Option Requirements
Select one of the following:4
General Botany
Introduction to Zoology
and Introduction to Zoology Lab
Fundamentals of Biology II
and Fundamentals of Biology II Laboratory
BIOS 457 / GEOL 457Ecosystem Ecology3-4
or GEOL 424 / BIOS 438 Biogeochemical Cycles
CHEM 110General Chemistry II4
WATS 459 / BIOS 459 / NRES 459Limnology4
or WATS 481 / BIOS 481 / NRES 481 Stream and River Ecology
Credit Hours Subtotal: 15-16
Electives
Select one of the following:3-4
Aquatic Insects
and Identification of Aquatic Insects
Lake and Reservoir Restoration
Wetlands
Ichthyology
Credit Hours Subtotal: 3-4
Total Credit Hours18-20

Hydrology Option

This option trains students in the quantitative aspects of hydrologic sciences and is designed for students considering careers as a professional hydrologist, research scientist, or consultant (among others). Completion of this program provides excellent preparation for graduate study.
 

Option Requirements
NRES 488 / GEOL 488Groundwater Geology3
MATH 107Calculus II4
PHYS 212
PHYS 222
General Physics II
and General Physics Laboratory II
5
WATS 461 / AGRO 461 / GEOL 461 / SOIL 461 / NRES 461Soil Physics3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 15
Electives
Select one of the following:3-4
General Chemistry II
Surface Water Hydrology
Water in Geosciences
Calculus III
Differential Equations
Hydroclimatology
Credit Hours Subtotal: 3-4
Total Credit Hours18-19

Water Law and Policy Option

Under this option, a student gains expertise in water issues pertaining to water quality, quantity, allocation, and planning. Careers in this rapidly emerging field of water include lobbyists, community planners, public and tribal liaisons, and policy makers to name some. This option also prepares students for continued education in water law.
 

NOTE: Students in the Water Law and Policy Option should select AECN 357 Natural Resource and Environmental Law and NRES 323 Natural Resources Policy under the Law Policy, and Management cluster of the Water Science Core.

Option Requirements
AECN 265 / NREE 265Resource and Environmental Economics I3
AECN 456 / NREE 456Environmental Law3
AECN 457 / NREE 457 / WATS 457Water Law3
CRPL 470Environmental Planning and Policy3
ECON 211Principles of Macroeconomics3
POLS 235Public Policy: Concepts and Processes3
SOCI 346Environmental Sociology3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 21
Total Credit Hours21

Water Quality Option

This option trains students with a desire to pursue a career examining water chemistry or quality within lakes, streams, rivers, and groundwater. This option is designed for students considering careers as water quality specialists, research scientists, laboratory and field technicians, water or environmental chemists, and many more.
 

Option Requirements
CHEM 110General Chemistry II4
CHEM 251Organic Chemistry I3-4
or CHEM 221 Elementary Quantitative Analysis
GEOL 418 / WATS 418 / NRES 419Chemistry of Natural Waters3
NRES 475 / AGRO 475 / CIVE 475 / CRPL 475 / GEOL 475 / MSYM 475 / POLS 475 / SOCI 475 / SOIL 475 / WATS 475Water Quality Strategy3
SOIL 361 / AGRO 361 / GEOL 361 / NRES 361 / WATS 361Soils, Environment and Water Quality3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 16-17
Electives
Select two of the following:6-8
Microbiology
Surface Water Hydrology
Biogeochemical Cycles
Water in Geosciences
Lake and Reservoir Restoration
Groundwater Geology
Calculus II
General Physics II
Introduction to Statistics II
Limnology
Stream and River Ecology
Credit Hours Subtotal: 6-8
Total Credit Hours22-25

Watershed Management Option

Watershed Management Option is the management of the water, land, and biological resources to achieve a desired outcome of the water quality and water quantity. This option is designed for students considering careers as water resource managers working for local, state, and federal agencies and private consultants.
 

Option Requirements
AECN 357 / NREE 357Natural Resource and Environmental Law3
CHEM 110General Chemistry II4
NRES 488 / GEOL 488Groundwater Geology3
WATS 361 / AGRO 361 / GEOL 361 / NRES 361 / SOIL 361Soils, Environment and Water Quality3
WATS 452 / AGRO 452 / MSYM 452Irrigation Systems Management3
WATS 459 / BIOS 459 / NRES 459Limnology4
or WATS 481 / BIOS 481 / NRES 481 Stream and River Ecology
Credit Hours Subtotal: 20
Total Credit Hours20

Requirements for Minor Offered by Department

Required Courses
WATS 281 / GEOG 281 / NRES 481Introduction to Water Science3
WATS 354 / MSYM 354 / SOIL 354Soil Conservation and Watershed Management3
Credit Hours Subtotal: 6
Advanced Courses
Law, Policy and Management
Select at least one of the following:3-6
Resource and Environmental Economics I
Natural Resource and Environmental Law
Water Law
Environmental Planning and Policy
Natural Resources Policy
Integrated Resources Management
Resource and Environmental Economics II
Water Quality Strategy
Water Resources Seminar
Science and Technology
Select at least two of the following:6-9
Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling
Fundamentals of Environmental Sampling Laboratory
Hydrology
Fisheries Science
and Fisheries Science Lab
Groundwater Geology
Soils, Environment and Water Quality
Microclimate: The Biological Environment
Chemistry of Natural Waters
Irrigation Systems Management
Limnology
Wetlands
Stream and River Ecology
Water Resources Seminar
Credit Hours Subtotal: 12
Total Credit Hours18
WATS281
Introduction to Water ScienceCrosslisted with GEOG 281, NRES 281

Prerequisites: High school chemistry or one semester college chemistry; one course in geology or physical geography or soil.

Description: Survey of the water science from the perspective of both natural and social sciences. Water budget, precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff and stream flow, groundwater, water quality parameters, economics of water, water policy, water law and water politics.

This course is a prerequisite for: AGRO 361, GEOL 361, NRES 361, SOIL 361, WATS 361; NRES 319

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC
Groups:Physical Geography

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS299
Career Experiences

Prerequisites: Permission and advanced approval of plan or work.

Description: Student participation in water science applications. May include participation in water resource management, water measurement, water quality monitoring, water supply, water administration; research in laboratories, green houses and fields; or preparation of educational materials.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-5
Max credits per semester:5
Max credits per degree:12
Course Format:IND

Credit Hours:1-5

ACE:

WATS354
Soil Conservation and Watershed ManagementCrosslisted with MSYM 354, SOIL 354

Prerequisites: AGRO/SOIL 153; and MSYM 109 or PHYS 141 or PHYS 151 or PHYS 211

Description: Watershed hydrology, soil erosion, erosion control, water management, and land surveying and mapping. Includes rainfall-runoff relationships; determination of watershed characteristics; terraces, waterways, vegetative filters, and residue management; ponds, wetlands, non-point source pollution control, and water conservation; profile and topographic surveying.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC
Offered:FALL

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS361
Soils, Environment and Water QualityCrosslisted with AGRO 361, GEOL 361, NRES 361, SOIL 361

Prerequisites: AGRO/HORT/SOIL 153; MATH 102 or 103; two semesters chemistry (CHEM 105, 106 or CHEM 109,110) and WATS/GEOG/NRES 281

Description: Chemical and physical processes that influence the fate and transport of contaminants (inorganic, microbial) in soil-water environments. Extent, fate, mitigation, and impact of various sources of pollution. Remedial technologies used for environmental restoration of contaminated environments.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS408
Microclimate: The Biological EnvironmentCrosslisted with AGRO 408, GEOG 408, HORT 408, METR 408, NRES 408, AGRO 808, GEOG 808, HORT 808, METR 808, NRES 808

Prerequisites: Junior standing, MATH 106 or equivalent, 5 hrs physics, major in any of the physical or biological sciences or engineering; or permission.

Description: Physical factors that create the biological environment. Radiation and energy balances of earth's surfaces, terrestrial and marine. Temperature, humidity, and wind regimes near the surface. Control of the physical environment through irrigation, windbreaks, frost protection, manipulation of light, and radiation. Applications to air pollution research. Instruments for measuring environmental conditions and remote sensing of the environment.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC
Groups:Physical Geography

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS418
Chemistry of Natural WatersCrosslisted with GEOL 418, GEOL 818, NRES 419, NRES 819

Prerequisites: 2 semesters of college chemistry, or CHEM 109 and 110, 113 and 114, or CHEM 111; or permission.

Description: Principles of water chemistry and their use in precipitation, surface water, and groundwater studies. Groundwater applications used to determine the time and source of groundwater recharge, estimate groundwater residence time, identify aquifer mineralogy, examine the degree of mixing between waters of various sources and evaluate what types of biological and chemical processes have occurred during the water's journey through the aquifer system.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS418L
Chemistry of Natural Waters LaboratoryCrosslisted with GEOL 418L, GEOL 818L, NRES 419L, NRES 819L

Prerequisites: Two semesters college chemistry or permission.

Description: Basic laboratory techniques used to perform water analysis including various wet chemical techniques, instrument use (AA, IC, UV-Visible) and computer modeling. Techniques for sample collection and preservation, parameter estimation and chemical analysis.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Course Format:LAB

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

WATS452
Irrigation Systems ManagementCrosslisted with MSYM 452, MSYM 852, AGRO 452

Prerequisites: MSYM 109 or PHYS 141 or PHYS 151 or PHYS 211

AGRO/SOIL 153 recommended.

Description: Irrigation management and the selection, evaluation, and improvement of irrigation systems. Includes soil-water measurement, crop water use, irrigation scheduling, irrigation efficiency, measurement of water flow, irrigation systems, groundwater and wells, pumping systems, applying chemicals with irrigation systems, and environmental and water resource considerations.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC
Offered:FALL

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS457
Water LawCrosslisted with AECN 457, AECN 857, NREE 457

Prerequisites: AECN/NREE 357.

Description: Environmental impact review; public trust doctrine; endangered species; land use controls; wetlands regulation; surface and ground water rights; Indian and federal water rights; impact of water quality regulations on water allocation.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:PSI

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS459
LimnologyCrosslisted with BIOS 459, BIOS 859, NRES 459, NRES 859

Prerequisites: 12 hrs BIOS, including BIOS/NRES 220/BIOS220x; two semesters CHEM.

Description: Physical, chemical, and biological processes that occur in fresh water. Organisms occurring in fresh water and their ecology; biological productivity of water and its causative factors; eutroplication and its effects.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Course Format:LEC
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:4

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

WATS461

Prerequisites: AGRO/SOIL 153; PHYS 141 or equivalent, one semester of calculus.

Description: Principles of soil physics. Movement of water, air, heat, and solutes in soils. Water retention and movement, including infiltration and field water regime. Movement of chemicals in soils.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS465
Resource and Environmental Economics IICrosslisted with AECN 465, AECN 865, NREE 465

Prerequisites: MATH 104 and one course in statistics.

Description: Application of resource economics concepts and empirical tools to resource management problems. Public policy issues involving environmental quality, land and water management.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS468
WetlandsCrosslisted with BIOS 458, NRES 468, NRES 868

Prerequisites: 12 hrs biological sciences; BIOS 220; CHEM 109 and 110.

Description: Physical, chemical and biological processes that occur in wetlands; the hydrology and soils of wetland systems; organisms occurring in wetlands and their ecology wetland creation, delineation, management and ecotoxicology.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

WATS472
Applied Soil PhysicsCrosslisted with AGRO 472, AGRO 872, NRES 472, NRES 872, SOIL 472

Prerequisites: AGRO/HORT/SOIL 153 or equivalent; MATH 104 or MATH 106 or equivalent.

Description: Emphasis on applied soil physics. Discussion of theoretical principles followed by field and laboratory exercises and applications. Fluxes of water, solutes, air, and heat through the soil. Emphasis on water infiltration, water retention, other soil hydraulic properties. Components of soil water balance. Management of soil water.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

Prerequisites: Senior standing or permission

Description: Holistic approach to the selection and analysis of planning strategies for protecting water quality from non-point sources of contamination. Introduction to the use of methods of analyzing the impact of strategies on whole systems and subsystems; for selecting strategies; and for evaluating present strategies. Capstone course.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC
Groups:American Government&Public Pol
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

WATS479
HydroclimatologyCrosslisted with NRES 479, METR 479, BSEN 479, NRES 879, METR 879, BSEN 879

Prerequisites: NRES 208 or METR 200 or METR/NRES 370

Description: Interaction between earth's climate and the hydrologic cycle. Energy and water fluxes at the land-atmosphere interface. Atmospheric moisture transport, precipitation, evaporation, snow-melt, and runoff. Impacts of climate variability and change on the hydrologic cycle. Offered spring semester of even-numbered calendar years.

Course details
Credit Hours:3
Max credits per semester:3
Max credits per degree:3
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:3

ACE:

WATS481
Stream and River EcologyCrosslisted with WATS 881, BIOS 481, NRES 481

Prerequisites: NRES 222 or equivalent

Description: Fundamental physical drivers operating in stream and river ecosystems and how those vary in space and time. Major classes of organisms associated with stream ecosystems and their functional roles. Fundamental controls on biotic diversity in stream and river ecosystems and its variance. Major aspects of stream ecosystem function including energy flow and nutrient cycling. Ecosystem services provided by stream and river ecosystems and causes and consequences of human impacts on streams and rivers. Underlying principles of bioassessment and current methods of stream restoration.

Course details
Credit Hours:4
Max credits per semester:4
Max credits per degree:4
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:4

ACE:

WATS484
Water Resources SeminarCrosslisted with AGRO 484, GEOG 484, GEOL 484, NRES 484, NRES 884, AGRO 884, GEOG 884, GEOL 884, WATS 884

Prerequisites: Junior or above standing, or permission

Description: Seminar on current water resources research and issues in Nebraska and the region.

Course details
Credit Hours:1
Max credits per semester:1
Max credits per degree:1
Course Format:LEC

Credit Hours:1

ACE:

WATS496
Principles and Problems in Water Science

Prerequisites: 15 hours in water science or closely related areas.

Description: Individual or group projects in research, literature review, or extension of course work under the supervision and evaluation of a water science faculty member.

Course details
Credit Hours:1-5
Max credits per semester:5
Max credits per degree:12
Course Format:IND

Credit Hours:1-5

ACE:

WATS498A
Senior Project I

Prerequisites: Senior standing

Description: Work as individual or as a team member to develop solutions to water resource problems. Problem involves multi-disciplinary features. Requires independent research, proposal preparation and presentation. WATS 498A is the first course of a two-semester sequence of courses consisting of WATS 498A and WATS 498B.

This course is a prerequisite for: WATS 498B

Course details
Credit Hours:2
Max credits per semester:2
Max credits per degree:2
Course Format:IND
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:2

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

WATS498B
Senior Project II

Prerequisites: WATS 498A

Description: Continuation of WATS 498A. Carry out proposal and present findings orally and in writing. WATS 498B is the second course of a two-semester sequence of courses consisting of WATS 498A and WATS 498B.

Course details
Credit Hours:2
Max credits per semester:2
Max credits per degree:2
Course Format:IND
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:2

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

WATS499H
Honors Thesis

Prerequisites: Admission to the University Honors Program and permission, AGRI 299H recommended.

Description: Conduct a scholarly research project and write a University Honors Program or undergraduate thesis.

Course details
Credit Hours:3-6
Max credits per semester:6
Max credits per degree:6
Course Format:IND
ACE Outcomes: ACE 10 Integrated Product

Credit Hours:3-6

ACE:ACE 10 Integrated Product

PLEASE NOTE
This document represents a sample 4-year plan for degree completion with this major. Actual course selection and sequence may vary and should be discussed individually with your college or department academic advisor. Advisors also can help you plan other experiences to enrich your undergraduate education such as internships, education abroad, undergraduate research, learning communities, and service learning and community-based learning.